Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Psittacosis in a highly endemic area in Italy

  • C. Maffei (a1), A. Marracino (a1), F. Di Stanislao (a1), P. Pauri (a2), M. Clementi (a2) and P. E. Varaldo (a2)...

Summary

In one locality in Italy where the incidence of psittacosis has increased rapidly since 1980, a hospital-based study and a seroepidemiological survey were carried out in order to define the clinical and epidemiological features of psittacosis in that area.

Registers of the Virology Unit of the University of Ancona, Italy, were reviewed and all hospitalized patients with a serological diagnosis of psittacosis were identified. A total of 76 cases were found and studied. A presumptive bird source was identified in 80% of 62 patients, on whom a detailed investigation had been possible. Poultry represented the most frequent probable source of infection. Clinically, the predominant pattern of illness was a moderately severe lower respiratory tract infection, with chest X-rays showing pulmonary shadowings in 68 patients (89%).

In the seroepidemiological study, 51 out of 143 subjects were exposed to birds (35·7%), but only 7 out of 90 urban adult blood donors (7·3%) were positive for chlamydial antibodies using the microimmunofluorescence test.

    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      Psittacosis in a highly endemic area in Italy
      Available formats
      ×

      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      Psittacosis in a highly endemic area in Italy
      Available formats
      ×

      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      Psittacosis in a highly endemic area in Italy
      Available formats
      ×

Copyright

References

Hide All
Anonymous (1984). Psittacosis of non-avinn origin. Lancel ii, 442443.
Anonymous (1986). Psittacosis. Report from the PHLS Communicable Disease Surveillance Centre. British Medical Journal 293, 195196.
Bevan, B. J. & Bracewell, C. D. (1986). Chlamydiosis in birds in Great Britain. 2. Isolations of Chlamydia psittaci from birds sampled between 1976 and 1984. Journal of Hygiene 96, 453458.
Borroni, G., Gelosa, L. & Scanziani, E. (1983). Indagine sulla diffusione dell'infezioni ornitosi – psittacosi nei piccioni di Milano. Igiene Moderna 79, 213219.
Bracewell, C. D. & Bevan, B. J. (1986). Chlamydiosis in birds in Great Britain. 1. Serological reactions to chlamydia in birds sampled between 1974 and 1983. Journal of Hygiene 96, 447451.
Bruu, A. L., Aasen, S., Tjaland, S. & Flugsrud, L. D. (1984). An outbreak of ornithosis in Norway in 1981. Scandinavian Journal of Infectious Diseases 16, 145152.
Eugster, A. K. (1980). Chlamydiosis. In Handbook Series in Zoonosis. Section A: Bacterial, Rickettsial and Mycotic Diseases, vol. II (ed. Steele, H. J.), pp. 357417. Cleveland, Ohio: CRC Press.
Evans, A. S. (1985). Ruminations on infectious disease epidemiology: retrospective, curspectivo and prospective. International Journal of Epidemiology 14, 205211.
Grayston, J. T., Kuo, C.-C, Wang, S.-P. & Altman, J. (1986). A new Chlamydia psillaci strain, TWAR, isolated in acute respiratory tract infections. New England Journal of Medicine 315, 161168.
Harris, J. W. (1983). Zoonotic human chlamydiosis of avian origin. A review with particular reference to epidemiology and control. Part II. World's Poultry Science Journal 39, 8798.
Hill, A. (1984). Psittacosis of non-avian origin. Lancet ii, 695.
Isaacs, D. (1984). Psittacosis. British Medical Journal 289, 510511.
Maffei, C., Di Stanislao, F., Pauri, P. & Clementi, M. (1984). Psittacosis of non-avian origin. Lancet ii, 806807.
Milon, A., Geral, M. F., Pellerin, J. LThiese, I. & Lautie, R. (1983). Enquête sur le portage et l'excrétion de Chlamydia psittaci par les pigeons semi domestiques (Columbia livia) de l'agglomération Toulousaine. Revue de Médecine Vétérinaire 134, 559565.
Nagington, S. (1984). Psittacosis/ornithosis in Cambridgeshire 1975–1983. Journal of Hygiene 92, 919.
Pether, J. V. S., Noah, N. D., Lau, Y. K., Taylor, J. A. & Bowie, J. C. (1984). An outbreak of psittacosis in a boys' boarding school. Journal of Hygiene 92, 337343.
Potter, M. E., Kaufmann, A. K. & Plikaytis, B. D. (1983). Psittacosis in the United States, 1979. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report 32, 27ss31ss.
Saikku, P., Wang, S. P., Kleemola, M., Brander, E., Rusanen, E. & Grayston, J. T. (1985). An epidemic of mild pneumonia due to an unusual strain of Chlamydia psittaci. Journal of Infectious Diseases 151, 832839.
Schachter, J. (1985). Chlamydiae (psittacosis-lymphogranuloma venereum-trachoma group). In Manual of Clinical Microbiology (ed. Lennette, E. H., Balows, A. B., Hauser, W. J. Jr, and Shadomy, H. J.), pp. 856862. Washington, D.C.: American Society for Microbiology.
Schachter, J. (1986). Chlamydia psittaci – ‘Reemergence’ of a forgotten pathogen. New England Journal of Medicine 315, 189191.
Schachter, J., Sugg, N. & Sung, M. (1978). Psittacosis: the reservoir persists. Journal of Infectious Diseases 137, 4449.
Schaffner, A. (1979). Psittacosis. In Principles and Practice of Infectious Diseases (ed. Mandell, G. L., Douglas, R. G. Jr, and Bennett, J. E.), pp. 14761479. New York: Wiley.
Schaffner, W., Drutz, D. J., Duncan, G. W. & Koenig, M. G. (1967). The clinical spectrum of endemie psittacosis. Archives of Internal Medicine 119, 433443.
Seibert, R. H., Jordan, W. S. Jr & Dingle, J. H. (1956). Clinical variations in the diagnosis of psittacosis. New England Journal of Medicine. 254, 925930.

Psittacosis in a highly endemic area in Italy

  • C. Maffei (a1), A. Marracino (a1), F. Di Stanislao (a1), P. Pauri (a2), M. Clementi (a2) and P. E. Varaldo (a2)...

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed