Graveland, H, et al.
Livestock-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in animals and humans. International Journal of Medical Microbiology
2011; 301: 630–634.
Huang, E, et al.
Detection of livestock-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus among swine workers in Romania. Journal of Infection and Public Health
2014; 7: 323–332.
Hau, SJ, et al.
Comparative prevalence of immune evasion complex genes associated with β-hemolysin converting bacteriophages in MRSA ST5 isolates from swine, swine facilities, humans with swine contact, and humans with no swine contact. PLoS ONE
2015; 10: e142832.
Huijsdens, XW, et al.
Community-acquired MRSA and pig-farming. Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials
2006; 5: 26.
Vanderhaeghen, W, et al.
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) ST398 associated with clinical and subclinical mastitis in Belgian cows. Veterinary Microbiology
2010; 144: 166–171.
Mulders, MN, et al.
Prevalence of livestock-associated MRSA in broiler flocks and risk factors for slaughterhouse personnel in The Netherlands. Epidemiology and Infection
2010; 138: 743.
Chuang, Y, Huang, Y. Livestock-associated meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in Asia: an emerging issue?
International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents
2015; 45: 334–340.
Cuny, C, et al.
Nasal colonization of humans with methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) CC398 with and without exposure to pigs. PLoS ONE
2009; 4: e6800.
Smith, TC, et al.
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) strain ST398 is present in midwestern U.S. swine and swine workers. PLoS ONE
2009; 4: e4258.
Garcia-Graells, C, et al.
Livestock veterinarians at high risk of acquiring methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus ST398. Epidemiology and Infection
2012; 140: 383–389.
Van Cleef, BA, et al.
High prevalence of nasal MRSA carriage in slaughterhouse workers in contact with live pigs in The Netherlands. Epidemiology and Infection
2010; 138: 756–763.
Normanno, G, et al.
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in slaughtered pigs and abattoir workers in Italy. Food Microbiology
2015; 51: 51–56.
Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute. Performance standards for antimicrobial susceptibility testing, 23nd informational supplement M100-S23. Wayne, PA: CLSI, 2013.
Magiorakos, AP, et al.
Multidrug-resistant, extensively drug-resistant and pandrug-resistant bacteria: an international expert proposal for interim standard definitions for acquired resistance. Clinical Microbiology and Infection
2012; 18: 268–281.
Zhang, K, et al.
Novel multiplex PCR assay for simultaneous identification of community-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus strains USA300 and USA400 and detection of mecA and Panton–Valentine leukocidin genes, with discrimination of Staphylococcus aureus from coagulase-negative staphylococci. Journal of Clinical Microbiology
2008; 46: 1118–1122.
Enright, MC, et al.
Multilocus sequence typing for characterization of methicillin-resistant and methicillin-susceptible clones of Staphylococcus aureus
. Journal of Clinical Microbiology
2000; 38: 1008–1015.
van Wamel, WJ, et al.
The innate immune modulators staphylococcal complement inhibitor and chemotaxis inhibitory protein of Staphylococcus aureus are located on beta-hemolysin-converting bacteriophages. Journal of Bacteriology
2006; 188: 1310–1315.
Moon, DC, et al.
Identification of livestock-associated methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus isolates in Korea and molecular comparison between isolates from animal carcasses and slaughterhouse workers. Foodborne Pathogens and Disease
2015; 12: 327–334.
Boost, M, et al.
Colonization of butchers with livestock-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus
. Zoonoses and Public Health
2013; 60: 572–576.
Leibler, JH, et al.
Staphylococcus aureus nasal carriage among beef packing workers in a Midwestern United States slaughterhouse. PLoS ONE
2016; 11: e148789.
Oppliger, A, et al.
Antimicrobial resistance of staphylococcus aureus strains acquired by pig farmers from pigs. Applied and Environmental Microbiology
2012; 78: 8010–8014.
Neyra, RC, et al.
Multidrug-resistant and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in hog slaughter and processing plant workers and their community in North Carolina (USA).
Environmental Health Perspectives
2014; 122: 471–477.
Ye, X, et al.
Frequency-risk and duration-risk relations between occupational livestock contact and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus carriage among workers in Guangdong, China. American Journal of Infection Control
2015; 43: 676–681.
Lo, YP, et al.
Molecular characterization and clonal genetic diversity of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus of pig origin in Taiwan. Comparative Immunology Microbiology and Infectious Diseases
2012; 35: 513–521.
Cui, S, et al.
Isolation and characterization of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus from swine and workers in China. Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
2009; 64: 680–683.
Price, LB, et al.
Staphylococcus aureus CC398: host adaptation and emergence of methicillin resistance in livestock. mBio
Uhlemann, AC, et al.
Identification of a highly transmissible animal-independent Staphylococcus aureus ST398 clone with distinct genomic and cell adhesion properties. mBio
Narvaez-Bravo, C, et al.
Prevalence of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in Canadian commercial pork processing plants. Journal of Applied Microbiology
2016; 120: 770–780.
Spoor, LE, et al.
Livestock origin for a human pandemic clone of community-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus
2013; 4: e313–e356.
McCarthy, AJ, Lindsay, JA.
Staphylococcus aureus innate immune evasion is lineage-specific: a bioinfomatics study. Infection, Genetics and Evolution
2013; 19: 7–14.
Fan, Y, et al.
Potential relationship between phenotypic and molecular characteristics in revealing livestock-associated Staphylococcus aureus in Chinese humans without occupational livestock contact. Frontiers in Microbiology
2016; 7: 1517.
Liu, H, et al.
The carriage of the serine-aspartate repeat protein-encoding sdr genes among Staphylococcus aureus lineages. Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases
2015; 19: 498–502.
Yu, F, et al.
Antimicrobial susceptibility, virulence determinant carriage and molecular characteristics of Staphylococcus aureus isolates associated with skin and soft tissue infections. Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases
2015; 19: 614–622.