Scallan, E, et al.
Foodborne illness acquired in the United States – major pathogens. Emerging Infectious Diseases
2011; 17: 7–15.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Surveillance for foodborne disease outbreaks – United States, 2008. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
2011; 60: 1197–1202.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Vital signs: Incidence and trends of infection with pathogens transmitted commonly through food – foodborne diseases active surveillance network, 10 U.S. Sites, 1996–2010. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
2011; 60: 749–755.
Gould, LH, et al.
Surveillance for foodborne disease outbreaks – United States, 1998–2008. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Surveillance Summaries
2013; 62: 1–34.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Outbreak of multidrug-resistant Salmonella Newport – United States, January-April 2002. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
2002; 51: 545–548.
Dechet, AM, et al.
Outbreak of multidrug-resistant Salmonella enterica serotype Typhimurium definitive type 104 infection linked to commercial ground beef, Northeastern United States, 2003–2004. Clinical Infectious Diseases
2006; 42: 747–752.
McLaughlin, JB, et al.
Outbreak of multidrug-resistant Salmonella Typhimurium associated with ground beef served at a school potluck. Journal of Food Protection
2006; 69: 666–670.
Roels, TH, et al.
Incomplete sanitation of a meat grinder and ingestion of raw ground beef: Contributing factors to a large outbreak of Salmonella Typhimurium infection. Epidemiology and Infection
1997; 119: 127–134.
Taylor, EV, et al.
Ground beef consumption patterns in the United States, FoodNet, 2006 through 2007. Journal of Food Protection
2012; 75: 341–346.
13.Anon. American Public Health Association et al., appellants, v. Earl Butz, Secretary of Department of Agriculture, et al. In: 511 F2d 331 United States District Court for the District of Columbia, 1974.
United States Department of Agriculture. HACCP plan reassessment for not-ready-to-eat comminuted poultry products and related agency verification procedures. Federal Register, ed. 9 CFR Parts 417 (Docket No. FSIS-2012–0007). Washington, D.C.(www.fsis.usda.gov/OPPDE/rdad/FRPubs/2012-0007.pdf). 2012.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
Salmonella Singapore – New Orleans. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
1975; 24: 397–398.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Salmonellae in precooked roasts of beef – New York. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
1978; 27: 315.
Shapiro, R, et al.
Salmonella Thompson associated with improper handling of roast beef at a restaurant in Sioux Falls, South Dakota. Journal of Food Protection
1999; 62: 118–122.
Eidson, M, et al.
Beef jerky gastroenteritis outbreaks. Journal of Environmental Health
2000; 62: 9–13.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. National Antimicrobial Resistance Monitoring System – human isolates final report, 2011. Atlanta, GA: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (www.cdc.gov/narms/pdf/2011-annual-report-narms-508c.pdf). 2012.
Fontaine, RE, et al.
Raw hamburger: an interstate common source of human salmonellosis. American Journal of Epidemiology
1978; 107: 36–45.
Spika, JS, et al.
Chloramphenicol-resistant Salmonella Newport traced through hamburger to dairy farms. A major persisting source of human salmonellosis in California. New England Journal of Medicine
1987; 316: 565–570.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Multistate outbreak of Salmonella Newport transmitted by precooked roasts of beef. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
1977; 26: 277–288.
Talbot, EA, Gagnon, ER, Greenblatt, J. Common ground for the control of multidrug-resistant Salmonella in ground beef. Clinical Infectious Diseases
2006; 42: 1455–1462.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Multistate outbreak of salmonellosis caused by precooked roast beef. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
1981; 30: 391–392.
Parham, GL. Salmonellae in cooked beef products. In: Snoyenbos GH, ed. Proceedings of the International Symposium on Salmonella. New Orleans, Louisiana: American Association of Avian Pathologists Inc.: University of Pennsylvania, 1984, pp. 275–280.
United States Department of Agriculture. Performance standards for the production of certain meat and poultry products; final rule. Federal Register, 9 CFR Parts 301, 303, 64, pp. 732–749 Washington, D.C. (http://www.fsis.usda.gov/OPPDE/rdad/FRPubs/95-033F.htm). 1999.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Multiple outbreaks of salmonellosis associated with precooked roast beef – Pennsylvania, New York, Vermont. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
1981; 30: 569–570.
Spitalny, KC, Okowitz, EN, Vogt, RL. Salmonellosis outbreak at a Vermont hospital. Southern Medical Journal
1984; 77: 168–172.
Fein, SB, et al.
Trends in U.S. consumers' safe handling and consumption of food and their risk perceptions, 1988 through 2010. Journal of Food Protection
2011; 74: 1513–1523.
Kandel, W, Parrado, EA. Restructuring of the US meat processing industry and new Hispanic migrant destinations. Population and Development Review
2005; 31: 447–471.
Armstrong, GL, Hollingsworth, J, Morris, JG Jr. Emerging foodborne pathogens: Escherichia coli O157:H7 as a model of entry of a new pathogen into the food supply of the developed world. Epidemiologic Reviews
1996; 18: 29–51.
Surkiewicz, BF, et al.
Bacteriological survey of raw beef patties produced at establishments under federal inspection. Applied Microbiology
1975; 29: 331–334.
Ribot, EM, et al.
Standardization of pulsed-field gel electrophoresis protocols for the subtyping of Escherichia coli O157:H7, Salmonella, and Shigella for PulseNet. Foodborne Pathogens and Disease
2006; 3: 59–67.
Greene, SK, et al.
Distribution of multidrug-resistant human isolates of MDR-ACSSuT Salmonella Typhimurium and MDR-AmpC Salmonella Newport in the United States, 2003–2005. Foodborne Pathogens and Disease
2008; 5: 669–680.
Varma, JK, et al.
Antimicrobial-resistant nontyphoidal Salmonella is associated with excess bloodstream infections and hospitalizations. Journal of Infectious Diseases
2005; 191: 554–561.
Call, DR, Davis, MA, Sawant, AA. Antimicrobial resistance in beef and dairy cattle production. Animal Health Research Reviews/Conference of Research Workers in Animal Diseases
2008; 9: 159–167.
United States Department of Agriculture. Pathogen reduction; hazard analysis and critical control point (HACCP) systems; final rule. Title 9 Federal Register Parts 310, 381: United States Department of Agriculture, Food Safety and Inspection Service. Code of Federal Regulations, 1996: 38805–38989 (www.fsis.usda.gov/OPPDE/rdad/FRPubs/93-016F.htm).
Stopforth, J, Sofos, J. Recent advances in pre-and post-slaughter intervention strategies for control of meat contamination. In: Advances in Microbial Food Safety, ACS Symposium: ACS Publications 2006, pp. 66–86.
Brichta-Harhay, DM, et al.
Microbiological analysis of bovine lymph nodes for the detection of Salmonella enterica
. Journal of Food Protection
2012; 75: 854–858.
Haneklaus, AN, et al.
Salmonella prevalence in bovine lymph nodes differs among feedyards. Journal Food Protection
2012; 75: 1131–1133.
Gragg, SE, et al.
Cross-sectional study examining Salmonella enterica carriage in subiliac lymph nodes of cull and feedlot cattle at harvest. Foodborne Pathogens and Disease
2013; 10: 368–374.
Frenzen, PD, et al.
Consumer acceptance of irradiated meat and poultry in the United States. Journal of Food Protection
2001; 64: 2020–2026.
United States Department of Agriculture. Changes to the Salmonella verification sampling program: analysis of raw beef for shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli and Salmonella; request for comment. Federal Register (Docket No. FSIS-2013–0038) 2013; 78: 53017–53020.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Use of a self-assessment questionnaire for food safety education in the home kitchen – Los Angeles county, California, 2006–2008. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
2010; 59: 1098–1101.
Altekruse, SF, et al.
Consumer knowledge of foodborne microbial hazards and food-handling practices. Journal of Food Protection
1996; 59: 287–294.