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Outbreaks of Salmonella illness associated with frozen raw breaded chicken products in Canada, 2015–2019

  • V. K. Morton (a1), A. Kearney (a2), S. Coleman (a3), M. Viswanathan (a1), K. Chau (a4), A. Orr (a5) and A. Hexemer (a1)...

Abstract

Frozen raw breaded chicken products (FRBCP) have been identified as a risk factor for Salmonella infection in Canada. In 2017, Canada implemented whole genome sequencing (WGS) for clinical and non-clinical Salmonella isolates, which increased understanding of the relatedness of Salmonella isolates, resulting in an increased number of Salmonella outbreak investigations. A total of 18 outbreaks and 584 laboratory-confirmed cases have been associated with FRBCP or chicken since 2017. The introduction of WGS provided the evidence needed to support a new requirement to control the risk of Salmonella in FRBCP produced for retail sale.

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Copyright

This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives licence (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/), which permits non-commercial re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is unaltered and is properly cited. The written permission of Cambridge University Press must be obtained for commercial re-use or in order to create a derivative work.

Corresponding author

Author for correspondence: Vanessa Morton, E-mail: Vanessa.morton@canada.ca

References

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1.Thomas, MK, et al. (2013) Estimates of the burden of foodborne illness in Canada for 30 specified pathogens and unspecified agents, Circa 2006. Foodborne Pathogens Disease 10, 639648.
2.Public Health Agency of Canada (2018) National Enteric Surveillance Program Annual Summary 2017.
3.Taylor, AJ, et al. (2015) Characterization of foodborne outbreaks of Salmonella enterica Serovar Enteritidis with whole-genome sequencing single nucleotide polymorphism-based analysis for surveillance and outbreak detection. Journal of Clinical Microbiology 53, 33343340.
4.MacDougall, L, et al. (2004) Frozen chicken nuggets and strips–a newly identified risk factor for Salmonella Heidelberg infection in British Columbia, Canada. Journal of Food Protection 67, 11111115.
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8.Food Recall Warning – no name and Compliments brands frozen uncooked breaded chicken products recalled due to Salmonella. Available at http://www.inspection.gc.ca/about-the-cfia/newsroom/food-recall-warnings/complete-listing/2015-07-01/eng/1435791777168/1435791779790.
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11.Notice to Industry – New requirements to reduce Salmonella to below detectable amounts in frozen raw breaded chicken products. Available at http://www.inspection.gc.ca/food/archived-food-guidance/meat-and-poultry-products/program-changes/2018-07-12/eng/1520884138067/1520884138707.
12.Council of Chief Medical Officers of Health concerned about the risk of Salmonella illness from frozen raw breaded chicken products. Available at https://www.canada.ca/en/public-health/news/2018/09/council-of-chief-medical-officers-of-health-concerned-about-the-risk-of-salmonella-illness-from-frozen-raw-breaded-chicken-products.html.
13.Public Health Notice – Outbreaks of Salmonella infections linked to raw chicken, including frozen raw breaded chicken products. Available at https://www.canada.ca/en/public-health/services/public-health-notices/2018/outbreaks-salmonella-infections-linked-raw-chicken-including-frozen-raw-breaded-chicken-products.html.
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15.Hobbs, JL, et al. (2017) Nuggets of wisdom: Salmonella Enteritidis outbreaks and the case for new rules on uncooked frozen processed chicken. Journal of Food Protection 80, 703709.

Keywords

Outbreaks of Salmonella illness associated with frozen raw breaded chicken products in Canada, 2015–2019

  • V. K. Morton (a1), A. Kearney (a2), S. Coleman (a3), M. Viswanathan (a1), K. Chau (a4), A. Orr (a5) and A. Hexemer (a1)...

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