Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Occurrence of viruses in human stools in the Ahaggar (Algeria)

  • J. M. L. Puel (a1), M. S. Orillac (a1), R. M. Bauriaud (a1), R. Boughermouh (a2), O. Akacem (a2) and Ph. Lefevre-Witier (a3)...

Summary

From October 1977 to May 1980, 243 stools collected in sedentary and semi-nomadic populations of the Ahaggar (Algerian Sahara) were examined using immunoelectronmicroscopy and tissue culture inoculation. Immunoelectron-microscopy revealed the presence of rotaviruses in 8, coronaviruses in 26, adenoviruses in 5 and small round viruses in 4. Enteroviruses were isolated in tissue culture from 24 stools.

Rotaviruses were present in the Ahaggar but were associated with little acute enteric disease. The high frequency of coronaviruses both in gastroenteritis patients and in patients without disease was surprising. The prevalence of enteroviruses in this hyperarid zone was similar to or higher than that found in noticeably more humid countries.

Further systematic bacterial, viral and parasitic examinations are required to clarify the role of the above viruses in the aetiology of gastroenteritis in this region.

    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      Occurrence of viruses in human stools in the Ahaggar (Algeria)
      Available formats
      ×

      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      Occurrence of viruses in human stools in the Ahaggar (Algeria)
      Available formats
      ×

      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      Occurrence of viruses in human stools in the Ahaggar (Algeria)
      Available formats
      ×

Copyright

References

Hide All
Caul, E. O. & Clarke, S. K. R. (1975). Coronavirus propagated from patient with non-bacterial gastroenteritis. Lancet, ii, 953954.
Flewett, T. H. (1977). Acute non-bacterial infectious gastroenteritis: an assay in comparative virology. In Recent Advances in Clinical Virology, vol. 1 (ed. Watereon, A. P.), Pp. 151169. Edinburgh, London, New York: Churchill Livingstone.
Heiber, J. P., Shelton, E., Nelson, J. D., Leon, J. & Mohs, E. (1978). Comparison of human rotavirus disease in tropical and temperate settings. American Journal of Diseases of Children 132, 853858.
Koornhof, H. J., Robins-Brownl, R. M., Richardson, N. J. & Cassel, R. (1979). Etiology of infantile enteritis in South Africa. Israel Journal of Medical Sciences 15, 341347.
Lim, K. A. & Benyesh-Melnick, M. (1960). Typing of viruses by combinations of antiserum pools: application to typing of enteroviruses (coxsackie and echo). Journal of Immunology 84, 309317.
Maiya, P. P., Pereira, S. M., Mathan, M., Bhat, P., Albert, M. J. & Baker, S. J. (1977). Aetiology of acute gastroenteritis in infancy and early childhood in Southern India. Archives of Disease in Childhood 52, 482485.
Mathan, M., Mathan, V. I., Swaminathan, S. P., Yesudoss, S. & Baker, S. J. (1975). Pleomorphic virus-like particles in human faeces. Lancet, i, 10681069.
Mathur, A., Kapoor, A. K., Chaturvedi, U. C., Tandon, H. O., Das, S. L. & Agrawal, S. K. (1978). A continuous one-year study for prevalence of enteroviruses in normal healthy children in a rural community. Indian Journal of Medical Research 67, 884902.
Schnagl, R. D., Holmes, I. H. & Mackay-Scollay, E. M. (1978 a). A survey of rotavirus associated with gastroenteritis in aboriginal children in Western Australia. Medical Journal of Australia 1, 304307.
Schnagl, R. D., Holmes, I. H. & Mackay-Scollay, E. M. (1978 b). Coronavirus-like particles in aboriginals and non aboriginals in Western Australia. Medical Journal of Australia 1, 307309.
Schnagl, R. D., Morey, F. & Holmes, I. H. (1979). Rotavirus, coronavirus-like particles, bacteria and parasites in central Australia. Medical Journal of Australia 2, 115118.

Occurrence of viruses in human stools in the Ahaggar (Algeria)

  • J. M. L. Puel (a1), M. S. Orillac (a1), R. M. Bauriaud (a1), R. Boughermouh (a2), O. Akacem (a2) and Ph. Lefevre-Witier (a3)...

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed