The authors thank all the study participants for their contribution at a very difficult time. We gratefully acknowledge the relentless effort of the field officers involved in data collection and compilation and cooperation of the staff at Rangpur Medical College Hospital and Dinajpur Sadar Hospital. Our gratitude to the Civil Surgeon of Thakurgaon District and the Upazila Health and Family Planning Officer of Haripur subdistrict for their extensive cooperation with the investigation. We are also grateful to the Australian Animal Health Laboratory for their support with the animal investigation.
This work was funded by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Atlanta, the U.S. National Institutes of Health, International Collaborations in Infectious Disease Research (ICIDR) Opportunity Pool, the Government of Bangladesh (GoB) through IHP-HNPRP, an NIH/NSF ‘Ecology of Infectious Diseases’ award from the John E. Fogarty International Center 2R01-TW005869, U.S. National Institutes of Health awards AI57158, AI070411, AI067549, the U.S. Department of Defense and Google.org. ICDDR,B acknowledges with gratitude the commitment of CDC, the U.S. National Institutes of Health, and the Government of Bangladesh to the Centre's research efforts.
1.Hsu, VP, et al. Nipah virus encephalitis reemergence, Bangladesh. Emerging Infectious Diseases 2004; 10: 2082–2087.
2.Gurley, ES, et al. Person-to-person transmission of Nipah virus in a Bangladeshi community. Emerging Infectious Diseases 2007; 13: 1031–1037.
3.Luby, SP, et al. Foodborne transmission of Nipah virus, Bangladesh. Emerging Infectious Diseases 2006; 12: 1888–1894.
4.Montgomery, J, et al. Risk factors for Nipah virus encephalitis in Bangladesh. Emerging Infectious Diseases 2008; 4: 1526–1532.
5.Epstein, JH, et al. Henipavirus infection in fruit bats (Pteropus giganteus), India. Emerging Infectious Diseases 2008; 14: 1309–1311.
6.Chadha, MS, et al. Nipah virus-associated encephalitis outbreak, Siliguri, India. Emerging Infectious Diseases 2006; 12: 235–240.
7.Daniels, P, Ksiazek, T, Eaton, BT. Laboratory diagnosis of Nipah and Hendra virus infections. Microbes and Infection/Institut Pasteur 2001; 3: 289–295.
8.Harit, AK, et al. Nipah/Hendra virus outbreak in Siliguri, West Bengal, India in 2001. Indian Journal of Medical Research 2006; 123: 553–560.
9.Harcourt, BH, et al. Genetic characterization of Nipah virus, Bangladesh, 2004. Emerging Infectious Diseases 2005; 11: 1594–1597.
10.Goh, KJ, et al. Clinical features of Nipah virus encephalitis among pig farmers in Malaysia. New England Journal of Medicine 2000; 342: 1229–1235.
11.Sahani, M, et al. Nipah virus infection among abattoir workers in Malaysia, 1998–1999. International Journal of Epidemiology 2001; 30: 1017–1020.
12.Parashar, UD, et al. Case-control study of risk factors for human infection with a new zoonotic paramyxovirus, Nipah virus, during a 1998–1999 outbreak of severe encephalitis in Malaysia. Journal of Infectious Diseases 2000; 181: 1755–1759.
13.Blum, LS, Khan, R, Nahar, N. In-depth assessment of an outbreak of Nipah Encephalitis with person-to-person transmission in Bangladesh: implications for prevention and control strategies. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 2009; 80: 96–102.
14.Johara, MY, et al. Nipah virus infection in bats (Order Chiroptera) in Peninsular Malaysia. Emerging Infectious Diseases 2001; 7: 439–441.
15.Junsuke, S, et al. Nipah virus survey of flying foxes in Malaysia. Japan Agricultural Research Quarterly 2007; 41: 69–78.
16.Chua, KB. Nipah virus outbreak in Malaysia. Journal of Clinical Virology 2003; 26: 265–275.