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New reports of Australian cutaneous leishmaniasis in Northern Australian macropods

  • A. DOUGALL (a1) (a2), C. SHILTON (a3), J. LOW CHOY (a4), B. ALEXANDER (a5) and S. WALTON (a1) (a2)...

Summary

Cutaneous leishmaniasis caused by various species of Leishmania is a significant zoonotic disease in many parts of the world. We describe the first cases of Australian cutaneous leishmaniasis in eight northern wallaroos, one black wallaroo and two agile wallabies from the Northern Territory of Australia. Diagnosis was made through a combination of gross appearance of lesions, cytology, histology, direct culture, serology and a species-specific real-time PCR. The causative organism was found to be the same unique species of Leishmania previously identified in red kangaroos. These clinical findings provide further evidence for the continuous transmission of the Australian Leishmania species and its presence highlights the importance of continued monitoring and research into the life-cycle of this parasite.

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Copyright

Corresponding author

*Author for correspondence: Miss A. Dougall, Menzies School of Health Research, PO Box 41096, Casuarina, NT 0811, Australia. (Email: Annette.Dougall@cdu.edu.au)

References

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1. Desjeux, P. Leishmaniasis: current situation and new perspectives. Comparative Immunology Microbiology and Infectious Diseases 2004; 27: 305318.
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10. Leontides, LS, et al. A cross-sectional study of Leishmania spp. infection in clinically healthy dogs with polymerase chain reaction and serology in Greece. Veterinary Parasitology 2002, 109: 1927.

Keywords

New reports of Australian cutaneous leishmaniasis in Northern Australian macropods

  • A. DOUGALL (a1) (a2), C. SHILTON (a3), J. LOW CHOY (a4), B. ALEXANDER (a5) and S. WALTON (a1) (a2)...

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