Majowicz, SE, et al.
The global burden of nontyphoidal Salmonella gastroenteritis. Clinical Infectious Diseases
2010; 50: 882–889.
Scallan, E, et al.
Foodborne Illness acquired in the United States—Major Pathogens. Emerging Infectious Diseases
2011; 17: 7–15.
Barrett, TJ, Gerner-Smidt, P, Swaminathan, B. Interpretation of pulsed-field gel electrophoresis patterns in foodborne disease investigations and surveillance. Foodborne Pathogens and Disease
2006; 3: 20–31.
Herikstad, H, Motarjemi, Y, Tauxe, RV.
Salmonella surveillance: a global survey of public health serotyping. Epidemiology and Infection
2002; 129: 1–8.
Bopp, CA, et al.
Escherichia, Salmonella and Shigella identification. In: Murray, PR, et al. , eds. Manual of Clinical Microbiology. Washington: ASM Press, 2003, pp. 654–671.
Wattiau, P, Boland, C, Bertrand, S. Methodologies for Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica subtyping: gold standards and alternatives. Applied and Environmental Microbiology
2011; 77: 7877–7885.
Alvarez, J, et al.
Development of a multiplex PCR technique for detection and epidemiological typing of Salmonella in human clinical samples. Journal of Clinical Microbiology
2004; 42: 1734–1738.
Kim, S, et al.
Multiplex PCR-based method for identification of common clinical serotypes of Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica
. Journal of Clinical Microbiology
2006; 44: 3608–3615.
Hong, Y, et al.
Rapid screening of Salmonella enterica serovars Enteritidis, Hadar, Heidelberg and Typhimurium using a serologically-correlative allelotyping PCR targeting the O and H antigen alleles. BMC Microbiology
2008; 8: 178.
Leader, BT, et al.
High-throughput molecular determination of Salmonella enterica Serovars by use of multiplex PCR and capillary electrophoresis analysis. Journal of Clinical Microbiology
2009; 47: 1290–1299.
Barco, L, et al.
Salmonella source attribution based on microbial subtyping. International Journal of Food Microbiology
2013; 16: 193–203.
Ross, IL, Heuzenroeder, MW. Discrimination within phenotypically closely related definitive types of Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium by the multiple amplification of phage locus typing technique. Journal of Clinical Microbiology
2005; 43: 1604–1611.
Ross, IL, Heuzenroeder, WM. A comparison of two PCR-based typing methods with pulsed-field gel electrophoresis in Salmonella enterica serovar Enteritidis. International Journal of Medical Microbiology
2009; 299: 410–420.
Assis, FEA, et al.
Impact of Aeromonas and diarrheagenic Escherichia coli screening in patients with diarrhea in Paraná, southern Brazil. The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
2014; 8: 1609–1614.
Ross, IL, Parkinson, IH, Heuzenroeder, MW. The use of MAPLT and MLVA analyses of phenotypically closely related isolates of Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium. International Journal of Medical Microbiology
2009; 299: 37–41.
Ribot, EM, et al.
Standardization of pulsed-field gel electrophoresis protocols for the subtyping of Escherichia coli O157:H7, Salmonella, and Shigella for PulseNet. Foodborne Pathogens and Disease
2006; 3: 59–67.
17.PNL05. Standard operating procedure for PulseNet PFGE of Escherichia coli O157:H7, Escherichia coli non-O157 (STEC), Salmonella serotypes, Shigella sonnei and Shigella flexneri. In: PNL05 last updated April 2013: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), 2013.
Ross, IL, Young, CC, Heuzenroeder, MW. New options for rapid typing of Salmonella enterica Serovars for outbreak investigation. In: Kumar, Y, ed. Salmonella – A Diversified Superbug. InTech, 2012, pp. 523–541.
Hunter, PR, Gaston, MA. Numerical index of the discriminatory ability of typing systems: an application of Simpson's index of diversity. Journal of Clinical Microbiology
1988; 26: 2465–2466.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Surveillance for Foodborne Disease Outbreaks United States, 2013: Annual Report. Atlanta, Georgia: US Department of Health and Human Services. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), 2015.
EFSA, ECDC (European Food Safety Authority and European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control). The European Union summary report on trends and sources of zoonoses, zoonotic agents and food-borne outbreaks in 2013. European Food Safety Authority Journal
2015; 13: 3991, 165 pp. doi: 10.2903/j.efsa.2015.3991.
Fernandes, SA, et al.
Salmonella serovars isolated from humans in Sao Paulo state, Brazil, 1996–2003. Revista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo
2006; 48: 179–184.
Mürmann, L, et al.
Quantification and molecular characterization of Salmonella isolated from food samples involved in salmonellosis outbreaks in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Brazilian Journal of Microbiology
2008; 39: 529–534.
Oliveira, FA, et al.
Characterization of Salmonella Enteritidis isolated from human samples. Food Research International
2012; 45: 1000–1003.
Jackson, BR, et al.
Outbreak-associated Salmonella enterica serotypes and food commodities, United States, 1998–2008. Emerging Infectious Diseases
2013; 19: 1239–1244.
Hendriksen, RS, et al.
Global monitoring of Salmonella serovar distribution from the world health organization global foodborne infections network country data Bank: results of quality assured laboratories from 2001 to 2007. Foodborne Pathogens and Disease
2011; 8: 887–900.
Ozdemir, K, Acar, S. Plasmid profile and pulsed-field gel electrophoresis analysis of Salmonella enterica isolates from humans in Turkey. PLoS ONE
2014; 9: e95976. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0095976.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). National Salmonella Surveillance Annual Report, 2012. Atlanta, Georgia: US Department of Health and Human Services. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, CDC, 2014.
Ke, B, et al.
Serovar distribution, antimicrobial resistance profiles, and PFGE typing of Salmonella enterica strains isolated from 2007–2012 in Guangdong, China. BMC Infectious Diseases
2014; 14: 338. doi: 10.1186/1471-2334-14-338.
Souza, RB, et al.
Ciprofloxacin susceptibility reduction of Salmonella strains isolated from outbreaks. Brazilian Journal of Microbiology
2010; 41: 497–500.
Greig, JD, Ravel, A. Analysis of foodborne outbreak data reported internationally for source attribution. International Journal of Food Microbiology
2009; 130: 77–87.
Ranieri, ML, et al.
Comparison of typing methods with a new procedure based on sequence characterization for Salmonella serovar prediction. Journal of Clinical Microbiology
2013; 51: 1786–1797.
Thong, KL, et al.
Molecular analysis of Salmonella enteritidis by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis and ribotyping. Journal of Clinical Microbiology
1995; 33: 1070–1074.
Ngoi, ST, Thong, KL. Molecular characterization showed limited genetic diversity among Salmonella Enteritidis isolated from humans and animals in Malaysia. Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease
2013; 77: 304–311.
Ghilardi, AC, Tavechio, AT, Fernandes, SA. Antimicrobial susceptibility, phage types, and pulse types of Salmonella Typhimurium, in Sao Paulo, Brazil. Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz
2006; 101: 281–286.
Oliveira, FA, et al.
Clonal relationship among Salmonella enterica serovar Enteritidis involved in foodborne outbreaks in Southern Brazil. Food Control
2009; 20: 606–610.
Kottwitz, LBM, et al.
Molecular characterization and resistance profile of Salmonella Enteritidis PT4 and PT9 strains isolated in Brazil. Journal of Medical Microbiology
2011; 60: 1026–1031.
Campioni, F, Moratto Bergamini, AM, Falcao, JP. Genetic diversity, virulence genes and antimicrobial resistance of Salmonella Enteritidis isolated from food and humans over a 24-year period in Brazil. Food Microbiology
2012; 32: 254–264.
Pang, JC, et al.
Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis, plasmid profiles and phage types for the human isolates of Salmonella enterica serovar Enteritidis obtained over 13° years in Taiwan. Journal of Applied Microbiology
2005; 99: 1472–1483.
Gatto, A, et al.
Distribution of molecular subtypes within Salmonella enterica serotype Enteritidis phage type 4 and S. Typhimurium definitive phage type 104 in nine European countries, 2000–2004: results of an international multi-centre study. Epidemiology and Infection
2006; 134: 729–736.
Sandt, CH, et al.
A comparison of non-typhoidal Salmonella from humans and food animals using pulsed-field gel electrophoresis and antimicrobial susceptibility patterns. PLoS ONE
2013; 8: e77836. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0077836.