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Microbial contamination of pharmaceutical products in the home

  • Rosamund M. Baird (a1), Carol A. Crowden (a1), Sheila M. O'farrell (a1) and R. A. Shooter (a1)

Summary

One thousand, nine hundred and seventy-seven pharmaceutical products used in the home were examined for microbial contamination. Viable micro-organisms were recovered from 14.0% of samples. Medicines used in the home are apparently not exposed to the same opportunities for contamination as those used in hospital.

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Copyright

References

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Awad, Z. A. (1977). In-use contamination of pharmaceutical products and their possible rôle in hospital cross-infection. Ph.D. thesis, University of London.
Baird, R. M., Brown, W. R. L. & Shooter, R. A. (1976). Pseudomonas aeruginosa in hospital pharmacies. British Medical Journal i, 511.
Baird, R. M. & Shooter, R. A. (1976). Pseudomonas aeruginosa infections associated with use of contaminated medicaments. British Medical Journal ii, 349.
Baird, R. M., Parks, A. & Awad, Z. A. (1977). Control of Pseudomonas aeruginosa in pharmacy environments and medicaments. Pharmaceutical Journal 119, 165.
Kallings, L. O., Ringertz, O., Silverstolpe, L. & Ernerfeldt, F. (1966). Microbiological contamination of medical preparations. Acta Pharmaceutica Suecica 3, 219.
Report by a Public Health Laboratory Service Working Party. (1971). Microbial contamination of medicines administered to hospital patients. Pharmaceutical Journal 207, 96.
Smart, R. & Spooner, D. F. (1972). Microbiological spoilage in pharmaceuticals and cosmetics. Journal of the Society of Cosmetic Chemists 23, 721.
Whitby, J. L. & Rampling, A. (1972). Pseudomonas aeruginosa contamination in domestic and hospital environments. Lancet i, 15.

Microbial contamination of pharmaceutical products in the home

  • Rosamund M. Baird (a1), Carol A. Crowden (a1), Sheila M. O'farrell (a1) and R. A. Shooter (a1)

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