The authors acknowledge the following departments and organizations for their work during the containment phase of this pandemic in the West Midlands and in their contribution to this paper: Regional Epidemiology Unit (REU), Health Protection Agency West Midlands, Birmingham, UK; Flu Response Centre (FRC), Health Protection Agency West Midlands, Birmingham, UK; Health Protection Units, West Midlands, UK; Public Health Laboratory, Heart of England NHS Foundation Trust, Birmingham, UK; NHS West Midlands, Birmingham, UK; Primary Care Trust staff, Primary and Secondary Care staff, West Midlands, UK; Centre for Infections (CfI), London, UK (for case management and data collection). T.H. is supported by the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council.
The opinions expressed by authors contributing to this manuscript do not necessarily represent the official position of the Health Protection Agency, or any other institutions with which any of the authors may be affiliated.
World Health Organization. New influenza A(H1N1) virus infections: global surveillance summary. Weekly Epidemiological Record
2009; 84: 173–184.
Nicoll, A, Coulombier, D. Europe's initial experience with pandemic (H1N1) 2009 – mitigation and delaying policies and practices. Eurosurveillance
2009; 14(29): pii=19279.
Health Protection Agency, Health Protection Scotland, National Public Health Service for Wales, HPA Northern Ireland Swine influenza investigation teams. Epidemiology of new influenza A (H1N1) virus infection, United Kingdom, April–June 2009. Eurosurveillance
2009; 14(22): pii = 19232.
Campbell, CNJ, et al.
Hospitalisation in two waves of pandemic influenza A(H1N1) in England. Epidemiology and Infection
2011; 139: 1560–1569.
Wallinga, J, Lipsitch, M. How generation intervals shape the relationship between growth rates and reproductive numbers. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Series B
2007; 274: 599–604.
Boëlle, P.-Y., et al.
Transmission parameters of the A/H1N1 (2009) influenza virus pandemic: a review. Influenza and Other Respiratory Viruses
2011; 5: 306–316.
Balasegaram, S, et al.
Patterns of early transmission of pandemic influenza in London – link with deprivation. Influenza and Other Respiratory Viruses
2012; 6: e35–41.
Brooks-Pollock, E, et al.
Using an online survey of healthcare-seeking behaviour to estimate the magnitude and severity of the 2009 H1N1v influenza epidemic in England. BMC Infectious Diseases
2011; 11: 68.
Baguelin, M, et al.
Vaccination against pandemic influenza A/H1N1v in England: a real-time economic evaluation. Vaccine
2010; 28: 2370–84.
Bish, A, Michie, S. Demographic and attitudinal determinants of protective behaviours during a pandemic. British Journal of Health Psychology
2010; 15: 797–824.
Pebody, R, et al.
Use of antiviral drugs to reduce household transmission of pandemic (H1N1) 2009 United Kingdom. Emerging Infectious Diseases
2011; 17: 990–999.
Bansal, S, et al.
The shifting demographic landscape of pandemic influenza. PLoS ONE
Greer, AL, Tuite, A, Fisman, DN. Age, influenza pandemic and disease dynamics. Epidemiology and Infection
2010; 138: 1542–1549.
Franco-Paredes, C, et al.
H1N1 influenza pandemics: comparing the events of 2009 in Mexico with those of 1976 and 1918–1919. Archives of Medical Research
2009; 40: 669–672.
Cauchemez, S, et al.
Closure of schools during an influenza pandemic. Lancet
2009; 9: 473–481.
Keogh-Brown, MR, et al.
The macroeconomic impact of pandemic influenza: estimates from models of the United Kingdom, France, Belgium and The Netherlands. European Journal of Health Economics
2010; 11: 543–554.
Rutter, PD, et al.
Socio-economic disparities in mortality due to pandemic influenza in England. International Journal of Public Health
2012; 57: 745–750.
Sachedina, N, Donaldson, LJ. Paediatric mortality related to pandemic influenza A H1N1 infection in England: an observational population-based study. Lancet
2010; 376: 1846–1852.
Quinn, SC, et al.
Racial disparities in exposure, susceptibility, and access to health care in the US H1N1 influenza pandemic. American Journal of Public Health
2011; 101: 285–93.
Fielding, JE, et al.
Pandemic H1N1 influenza surveillance in Victoria, Australia, April–September 2009. Eurosurveillance
2009; 14(42): pii = 19368.
Viboud, C, et al.
Transmissibility and mortality impact of epidemic and pandemic influenza, with emphasis on the unusually deadly 1951 pandemic. Vaccine
2006; 24: 6701–6707.
Watts, DJ, et al.
Multiscale, resurgent epidemics in a hierarchical metapopulation model. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA
2005; 102: 1157–1162.