Of a total of 23,609 incidents of salmonella infection reported during the period 1968–74, 20,326 occurred in cattle, 1744 in poultry and other birds, 675 in sheep, 558 in pigs and 306 in other species of animals.
Despite the large number of serotypes isolated (153), 88% of incidents were due to only two serotypes: S. dublin (15,929 incidents of which 15,446 occurred in cattle) and S. typhimurium (4842 incidents of which 3785 occurred in cattle and 732 in birds).
S. choleraesuis was the third (314 incidents which with only 5 exceptions occurred in pigs) and S. abortusovis (243 incidents all in sheep) was the fourth most commonly isolated serotype. The following six serotypes were each recorded in more than 100 incidents: S. newport (177), S. agona (170), S. virchow (169), S. anatum (152), S. enteritidis (150) and S. montevideo (111). The other 143 serotypes accounted for only 5·8% of total incidents.
The trends of annual incidence of salmonella infection in cattle, sheep, pigs, poultry and other birds during the 17-year period 1958–74 and the distribution of the main serotypes in the individual species of animals from 1968 to 1974 are discussed.