Adams, B. G. & Marrie, T. J. (1982). Hand carriage of aerobic Gram-negative rods by health care personnel. Journal of Hygiene 89, 23–31.
Albert, R. K. & Condie, F. (1981). Handwashing patterns in medical intensive care units. New England Journal of Medicine 304, 1465–1466.
Ayliffe, G. A. J. (1980). The effect of antibacterial agents on the flora of the skin. Journal of Hospital Infection 1, 111–124.
Bruun, J. N. & Solberg, C. O. (1973). Hand carriage of Gram-negative bacilli and Staphylococcus aureus. British Medical Journal ii, 580–582.
Buxton, A. E., Anderson, R. L., Werdegar, D. & Atlas, E. (1978). Nosocomial respiratory tract infection and colonization with Acinetobacter calcoaceticus. American Journal of Medicine 65, 507–513.
Casewell, M. & Phillips, I. (1977). Hands as route of transmission for Klebsiella species. British Medical Journal ii, 1315–1317.
Casewell, M. W., Dalton, M., Webster, M., Phillips, I. (1977). Gentamicin resistant Klebsiella aerogenes in a urological ward. Lancet ii, 444–446.
Edwards, P. R. & Ewing, W. H. (1972). Identification of Enterobacteriaceae, 3rd ed.Minneapolis: Burgess Publishing Co.
Ewing, W. H. & Fife, M. A. (1972). Biochemical characterization of Enterobacter agglomerans. U.S. Department of Health, Education and Welfare. Center for Disease Control, Atlanta, Georgia.
Farmer, J. J. & Herman, L. G. (1969). Epidemiological fingerprinting of Pseudomonas aeruginosa by the production and sensitivity to pyocin and bacteriophage. Applied Microbiology 18, 760–765.
French, G. L., Casewell, M. W., Roncoroni, A. J.. Knight, S. & Phillips, I. (1980). A hospital outbreak of antibiotic resistant Acinetobacter anitratus. Journal of Hospital Infection 1, 125–131.
Gilardi, G. L. (1978). Identification of miscellaneous glucose non-fermenting Gram negative bacteria. In Glucose Non-fermenting Gram negative Bacteria in Clinical Microbiology (ed. Gilardi, G. L.). West Palm Beach, Florida: CRC Press.
Goldman, D. A. (1981). Bacterial colonization and infection in the neonate. American Journal of Medicine 70, 417–422.
Knittle, M. A., Eitzman, D. V. & Baer, H. (1975). Role of hand contamination of personnel in the epidemiology of Gram-negative nosocomial infections. Journal of Pediatrics 86, 433–437.
Larson, E. L., Strom, M. S. & Evans, C. A. (1980). Analysis of three variables in sampling solutions used to assay bacteria of hands: type of solution, use of antiseptic neutralizes, and solution temperature. Journal of Clinical Microbiology 11, 355–360.
Maki, D. G. (1978). Control of colonization and transmission of pathogenic bacteria in the hospital. Annals of Internal Medicine 89, 777–780.
McBride, M. E., Montes, L. F., Fahlberg, W. J. & Knox, J. M. (1972). Microbial flora of nurses' hands. I. Quantitative differences in bacterial population between nurses and other occupational groups. International Journal of Dermatology 11, 49–53.
Meers, P. D., Foster, C. S. & Churcher, G. M. (1978). Cross infection with Serratia marcescens. British Medical Journal i, 238–239.
Ørskov, I. (1955). Serological investigations in the Klebsiella group. 3. Occurrence of Klebsiella strains in the faeces of normal infants. Acta Pathologica et Microbiologica Scandinavica 36, 461–470.
Parry, M. F., Hutchinson, J. H., Brown, N. A., Wu, C. H. & Estreller, L. (1980). Gram-negative sepsis in neonates: a nursery outbreak due to hand carriage of Citrobacter diversus. Pediatrics 65, 1105–1109.
Polk, H. C. & Lopez, J. F. (1972). Bacterial ecology of hands of intensive care unit nurses cleansed with betadine surgical scrub. In Medical and Surgical Antisepsis; the Betadine Microbicides. New York: Purdue Frederick Co.
Price, P. B. (1938). New studies in surgical bacteriology and surgical technique. Journal of the American Medical Association. 111, 1993–1996.
Ramphal, R. & Kluge, R. M. (1979). Acinetobacter calcoaceticus variety antiratus: an increasing nosocomial problem. American Journal of Medical Science 277, 57–66.
Rennie, R. P. & Duncan, K. B. R. (1974). Combined biological and serological typing of clinical isolates of Klebsiella. Applied Microbiology 28, 534–539.
Salzman, T. C., Clark, J. J. & Klemm, L. (1968). Hand contamination of personnel as a mechanism of cross-infection in nosocomial infections with antibioitic-resistant Escherichia coli and Klebsiella-Enterobacter. In Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy-1967 (ed. Hobby, G. L.), Pp. 97–100. Ann Arbor, Michigan: American Society for Microbiology.
Schaffner, W. (1977). Humans: the animate reservoir of nosocomial pathogens. In Infection Control in Health Care Facilities (ed. Cundy, K. R. and Ball, W.). Baltimore: University Park Press.
Taplin, D., Rebell, G. & Zaias, N. (1963). The human skin as a source of Mima-Herellea infections. Journal of the American Medical Association 186, 952–955.
Taylor, L. J. (1978). An evaluation of hand washing techniques. 1. Nursing Times 74, 54–55.