Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Epidemiology of community-acquired pneumonia in children seen in hospital

  • J. E. CLARK (a1), D. HAMMAL (a2), F. HAMPTON (a3), D. SPENCER (a4) and L. PARKER (a2)...

Abstract

There is little UK data on hospital admission rates for childhood pneumonia, lobar pneumonia, severity or risk factors. From 13 hospitals serving the catchment population, demographic and clinical details were prospectively collected between 2001 and 2002 for children aged 0–15 years, seen by a paediatrician with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) and consistent chest X-ray changes. From 750 children assessed in hospital, incidence of CAP was 14·4 (95% CI 13·4–15·4)/10000 children per year and 33·8 (95% CI 31·1–36·7) for <5-year-olds; with an incidence for admission to hospital of 12·2 (95% CI 11·3–13·2) and 28·7 (95% CI 26·2–31·4) respectively. Where ascertainment was confirmed, incidence of CAP assessed in hospital was 16·1 (95% CI 14·9–17·3) and 41·0 (95% CI 37·7–44·5) in the 0–4 years age group, whilst incidence for hospital admission was 13·5 (95% CI 12·4–14·6) and 32 (95% CI 29·1–35·1) respectively. In the <5 years age group incidence of lobar pneumonia was 5·6 (95% CI 4·5–6·8)/10000 per year and severe disease 19·4 (95% CI 17·4–21·7)/10000 per year. Risk of severe CAP was significantly increased for those aged <5 years (OR 1·50, 95% CI 1·07–2·11) and with prematurity, OR 4·02 (95% CI 1·16–13·85). It also varied significantly by county of residence. This is a unique insight into the burden of hospital assessments and admissions caused by childhood pneumonia in the United Kingdom and will help inform future preventative strategies.

    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      Epidemiology of community-acquired pneumonia in children seen in hospital
      Available formats
      ×

      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      Epidemiology of community-acquired pneumonia in children seen in hospital
      Available formats
      ×

      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      Epidemiology of community-acquired pneumonia in children seen in hospital
      Available formats
      ×

Copyright

Corresponding author

Consultant in Paediatric Infectious Diseases, Department of Paediatric Infectious Disease, Newcastle General Hospital, Westgate Road, Newcastle NE4 6BE, UK. (Email: Julia.clark@nuth.nhs.uk)

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed