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The emerging story of a human parvovirus-like agent

  • M. J. Anderson (a1)

Extract

It is now seven years since Cossart and her co-workers reported finding a novel parvovirus-like agent (PVLA) infecting man. Although this virus was found as a systemic infection in both Dr Cossart's eleven subjects and a further four subjects described subsequently (Paver & Clarke, 1976; Schneerson, Mortimer & Vandervelde, 1980) it was not until 1981 that a clearly defined clinical syndrome was identified as attributable to infection with this agent. Work in the Departments of Microbiology and Haematology, King's College Hospital Medical School and collaboration with the MRC laboratory at Kingston, Jamaica has shown that infection with the PVLA is the major cause of aplastic crisis in children with sickle cell anaemia (Sergeant et al. 1981, Anderson et al. 1982a, b).

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References

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Anderson, M. J., Davis, L. R., Hodgson, J., Jones, S. E., Murtaza, L., Pattison, J. R., Stroud, C. E. & White, J. M. (1982 a). The occurence of infection with a parvovirus-like agent in children with sickle cell anaemia during a two year period. Journal of Clinical Pathology (In the Press).
Anderson, M. J., Davis, L. R., Jones, S. E. & Pattison, J. R. (1982 b). The development and use of an antibody capture radioimmunoassay for specific IgM to a human parvovirus-like agent. Journal of Hygiene, 88, 309324.
Anderson, R. M. & May, R. M. (1982). The control of communicable diseases by age-specific immunisation schedules. Lancet i, 160.
Cant, B. & Widdows, T. (1975). Abstract from Conference of the International Society of Blood Transfusion, p. 73.
Cossart, Y. E. (1977). Virus Hepatitis and its Control, p. 133. London. Baillière Tindall.
Cossart, Y. E., Field, A. M., Cant, B. & Widdows, D. (1975). Parvovirus-like particles in human sera. Lancet i, 7273.
Edwards, J. M. B., Kessel, I., Gardner, S. K., Eaton, B. R., Pollock, T. M., Gibson, P., Woodroof, M. & Porter, A. D. (1981). A study of antibodies to five viruses in sera from 210 acute admissions to a paediatric unit. EB virus, hepatitis A virus, parvovirus-like B19 and polyoma virus BK and JC. Abstract of European Association Against Virus Diseases, p. 14.
Mengeling, W. L., Paul, P. S. & Brown, T. T. (1981). Transplacental infection and embryonic death following exposure to porcine parvovirus near the time of conception. Archives of Virology 65, 5562.
Paver, W. K. & Clarke, S. K. R. (1976). Comparison of human fecal and serum parvo-like viruses. Journal of Clinical Microbiology 4, 6770.
Paver, W. K., Caul, E. O., Ashley, C. R. & Clarke, S. K. R. (1973). A small virus in human faeces. Lancet i, 237240.
Serjeant, G. R., Topley, J. M., Mason, K., Serjeant, B. E., Pattison, J. R., Jones, S. E. & Mohamed, R. (1981). Outbreak of aplastic crisis in sickle cell anaemia associated with parvovirus-like agent. Lancet ii, 595598.
Schneerson, J. M., Mortimer, P. P. & Vandervelde, E. M. (1980). Febrile illness due to a parvovirus. British Medical Journal 2, 1580.
Wallace, J., Milne, G. R. & Barr, A. (1972). Total screening of blood donations for Australia (hepatitis associated) antigen and its antibody. British Medical Journal i, 663.

The emerging story of a human parvovirus-like agent

  • M. J. Anderson (a1)

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