Blumenshine, P, et al.
Pandemic influenza planning in the United States from a health disparities perspective. Emerging Infectious Diseases
2008; 14: 709–715.
Hutchins, SS, et al.
Protection of racial/ethnic minority populations during an influenza pandemic. American Journal of Public Health
2009; 99 (Suppl. 2): S261–270.
Agency for Healthcare Research Quality. National healthcare disparities report 2011. Rockville (MD): US Department of Health and Human Services, 2012.
Wilson, N, et al.
Differential mortality rates by ethnicity in 3 influenza pandemics over a century, New Zealand. Emerging Infectious Diseases
2012; 18: 71–77.
Quinn, SC, et al.
Racial disparities in exposure, susceptibility, and access to health care in the US H1N1 influenza pandemic. American Journal of Public Health
2011; 101: 285–293.
Dee, DL, et al.
Racial and ethnic disparities in hospitalizations and deaths associated with 2009 pandemic Influenza A (H1N1) virus infections in the United States. Annals of Epidemiology
2011; 21: 623–630.
Navaranjan, D, et al.
Ethnic disparities in acquiring 2009 pandemic H1N1 influenza: a case-control study. BMC Public Health
2014; 14: 214.
Sachedina, N, Donaldson, LJ. Paediatric mortality related to pandemic influenza A H1N1 infection in England: an observational population-based study. Lancet
2010; 376: 1846–1852.
Department of Health. Healthy lives, healthy people: Improving outcomes and supporting transparency; Part 1: A public health outcomes framework for England, 2013–2016. London: Department of Health, 2012.
Nguyen-Van-Tam, JS, et al.
Risk factors for hospitalisation and poor outcome with pandemic A/H1N1 influenza: United Kingdom first wave (May-September 2009). Thorax
2010; 65: 645–651.
Myles, PR, et al.
Predictors of clinical outcome in a national hospitalised cohort across both waves of the influenza A/H1N1 pandemic 2009–2010 in the UK. Thorax
2012; 67: 709–717.
Noble, M, et al.
Measuring multiple deprivation at the small-area level. Environment and Planning A
2006; 38: 169–185.
McLean, E, Pebody, R. Epidemiological report of pandemic (H1N1) 2009 in the UK: April 2009–May 2010. London: Health Protection Agency, 2010.
Department of Health. A(H1N1) Swine Influenza: National Pandemic Flu Service launches today. In Gateway reference: 12 310. London: Department of Health, 2009.
Charlson, ME, et al.
A new method of classifying prognostic comorbidity in longitudinal studies: Development and validation. Journal of Chronic Diseases
1987; 40: 373–383.
Deyo, RA, Cherkin, DC, Ciol, MA. Adapting a clinical comorbidity index for use with ICD-9-CM administrative databases. Journal of Clinical Epidemiology
1992; 45: 613–619.
Semple, MG, et al.
An evaluation of community assessment tools (CATs) in predicting use of clinical interventions and severe outcomes during the A(H1N1)pdm09 pandemic. PLoS One
2013; 8: e 75384.
Myles, PR, et al.
Comparison of CATs, CURB-65 and PMEWS as triage tools in pandemic influenza admissions to UK hospitals: case control analysis using retrospective data. PLoS One
2012; 7: e 34 428.
Crosby, AW. America's Forgotten Pandemic: the Influenza of 1918. Cambridge, New York: Cambridge University Press, 2003.
Kelly, H, Mercer, G, Cheng, A. Quantifying the risk of pandemic influenza in pregnancy and indigenous people in Australia in 2009. Eurosurveillance
Pool, DI. The effects of the 1918 pandemic of influenza on the Maori population of New Zealand. Bulletin of the History of Medicine
1973; 47: 273–281.
Boggild, AK, et al.
The impact of influenza on the Canadian First Nations. Canadian Journal of Public Health
2011; 102: 345–348.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Deaths related to 2009 pandemic influenza A (H1N1) among American Indian/Alaska Natives – 12 states, 2009. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
2009; 58: 1341–1344.
Placzek, H, Madoff, L. Effect of race/ethnicity and socioeconomic status on pandemic H1N1-related outcomes in Massachusetts. American Journal of Public Health
2013; 104: e31–e38.
Office for National Statistics. Ethnic group statistics: a guide for the collection and classification of ethnicity data. Norwich: HMSO, 2003.
Morin, C, et al. Racial/ethnic disparities in hospitalized influenza rates continue after the 2009 pandemic, Minnesota 2009–2011. International Conference on Emerging Infectious Diseases 2012, poster and oral presentation abstracts. Atlanta: Emerging Infectious Diseases, 2012.
Baker, MG, et al. Pandemic influenza A (H1N1) infection and progression to hospitalization and death: how risk is influenced by ethnicity and socioeconomic position. International Conference on Emerging Infectious Diseases 2012, poster and oral presentation abstracts. Atlanta: Emerging Infectious Diseases, 2012.
Zarychanski, R, et al.
Correlates of severe disease in patients with 2009 pandemic influenza (H1N1) virus infection. Canadian Medical Association Journal
2010; 182: 257–264.
Tricco, AC, et al.
Impact of H1N1 on socially disadvantaged populations: systematic review. PLoS One
2012; 7: e 39437.