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A cross-sectional study to assess the long-term health status of patients with lower respiratory tract infections, including Q fever

  • A. S. G. van DAM (a1) (a2), J. A. F. van LOENHOUT (a2), J. B. PETERS (a3), A. RIETVELD (a1) (a2), W. J. PAGET (a2), R. P. AKKERMANS (a2), A. OLDE LOOHUIS (a2), J. L. A. HAUTVAST (a2) and J. van der VELDEN (a2)...

Summary

Patients with a lower respiratory tract infection (LRTI) might be at risk for long-term impaired health status. We assessed whether LRTI patients without Q fever are equally at risk for developing long-term symptoms compared to LRTI patients with Q fever. The study was a cross-sectional cohort design. Long-term health status information of 50 Q fever-positive and 32 Q fever-negative LRTI patients was obtained. Health status was measured by the Nijmegen Clinical Screening Instrument. The most severely affected subdomains of the Q fever-positive group were ‘general quality of life’ (40%) and ‘fatigue’ (40%). The most severely affected subdomains of the Q fever-negative group were ‘fatigue’ (64%) and ‘subjective pulmonary symptoms’ (35%). Health status did not differ significantly between Q fever-positive LRTI patients and Q fever-negative LRTI patients for all subdomains, except for ‘subjective pulmonary symptoms’ (P = 0·048).

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Copyright

Corresponding author

* Author for correspondence: Ms. A. S. G. van Dam, Municipal Health Service Hart voor Brabant, Department of Infectious Disease Control, P.O. Box 3024, 5003 DA Tilburg, The Netherlands. (Email: s.van.dam@ggdhvb.nl)

References

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