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Chlamydia pneumoniae, strain TWAR, as the cause of an outbreak in a boys' school previously called psittacosis

  • J. V. S. Pether (a1), San-Pin Wang (a2) and J. T. Grayston (a3)

Summary

Sera from an outbreak of acute respiratory illness in a boys boarding school originally thought to have been due to psittacosis (1) have been re-examined and evidence is presented that suggests that the outbreak was caused by Chlamydia pneumoniae, strain TWAR (2).

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References

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1.Pether, JVS, Noah, ND, Lan, YK, Taylor, JA, Bowie, JC.An outbreak of psittacosis in a boys' boarding school. J Hyg 1984; 92: 337–43.
2.Grayston, JT, Kuo, CC, Campbell, LA, Wang, SP.Chlamydia pneumoniae sp. nov. for Chlamydia strain TWAR. Int J System Bacteriol 1989; 39: 8890.
3.Grayston, JT, Kuo, CC, Wang, SP, Altman, J.A new Chlamydia psittaci strain called TWAR from acute respiratory tract infections. N Engl J Med 1986; 315: 161–8.
4.Chi, EY, Kuo, CC, Grayston, JT.Unique ultrastructure in the elementary body of Chlamydia sp. strain TWAR. J Bacteriol 1987; 169: 3757–63.
5.Cox, RL, Kuo, CC, Grayston, JT, Campbell, LA.Deoxyribonucleic acid relatedness of Chlamydia sp. strain TWAR to Chlamydia trachomatis and Chlamydia psittaci. Int J System Bacteriol 1988; 38: 265–8.
6.Wang, SP, Grayston, JT.Immunologic relationship between genital TRIC, lymphogranuloma venereum, and related organisms in a new microtitre indirect immunofluorescence test. Am J Ophthalmol 1970; 70: 367–74.
7.Saikku, P, Wang, SP, Kleemola, M, Brander, E, Rusanen, E, Grayston, JT.An epidemic of mild pneumonia due to an unusual Chlamydia psittaci strain. J Infect Dis 1985; 151: 832–9.
8.Grayston, JT, Wang, SP, Kuo, CC, Campbell, LA.Current knowledge of Chlamydia pneumoniae, strain TWAR, an important cause of pneumonia and other acute respiratory diseases. Eur J Clin Microbiol 1989; 8: 191202.
9.Wang, SP, Grayston, JT. Microimmnnofluorescence serological studies with the TWAR organism. In: Oriel, JD, Ridgway, G, Schachter, J, Taylor-Robinson, D, Ward, M, eds. Chlamydial infections. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press, 1986; 329332.
10.Nagington, J.Psittacosis/ornithosis in Cambridgeshire 1975—1983. J Hyg 1984; 92: 919.
11.Grayston, JT, Mordhorst, CH, Bruu, AL, Vene, S, Wang, SP.Country-wide epidemics of Chlamydia pneumoniae strain TWAR in Scandinavia 1981—1983. J Infect Dis 1989: 159: 1111–4.
12.Forsey, T, Darougar, S, Treharne, JD.Prevalence in human beings of antibodies to chlamydia IOL-207, an atypical strain of chlamydia. J Infect Dis 1986: 12: 145–52.
13.Grayston, JT.Chlamydia pneumoniae, strain TWAR. Chest 1989; 95: 664–9.
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Epidemiology & Infection
  • ISSN: 0950-2688
  • EISSN: 1469-4409
  • URL: /core/journals/epidemiology-and-infection
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