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A case report and epidemiological investigation of axillary lymph node abscess caused by Corynebacterium ulcerans in an HIV-1-positive patient

  • Y. YOSHIMURA (a1), N. TACHIKAWA (a1), T. KOMIYA (a2) and A. YAMAMOTO (a2)

Summary

A human immunodeficiency virus-1 (HIV-1)-positive male undergoing antiretroviral therapy was diagnosed with an axillary lymph node abscess caused by Corynebacterium ulcerans, and an environmental survey revealed that the patient's cat as the source of infection.

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Copyright

Corresponding author

* Author for correspondence: Dr Y. Yoshimura, 56 Okazawa-cho, Hodogaya-ku, Yokohama city, Japan 240-8555. (Email: yymole@gmail.com)

References

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1. Khamis, A, Raoult, D, La, Scola B. rpoB gene sequencing for identification of Corynebacterium species. Journal of Clinical Microbiology 2004; 42: 39253931.
2. Miyamura, K, et al. Micro cell culture method for determination of diphtheria toxin and antitoxin titres using vero cells. I. Studies on factors affecting the toxin and antitoxin titration. Journal of Biological Standardization 1974; 2: 189201.
3. Nakao, H, Popovic, T. Development of a direct PCR assay for detection of the diphtheria toxin gene. Journal of Clinical Microbiology 1997; 35: 16511655.
4. Reinhardt, DJ, Lee, A, Popovic, T. Antitoxin-in-membrane and antitoxin-in-well assays for detection of toxigenic Corynebacterium diphtheriae . Journal of Clinical Microbiology 1998; 36: 207210.
5. De, Zoysa A, et al. Molecular epidemiology of Corynebacterium diphtheriae from northwestern Russia and surrounding countries studied by using ribotyping and pulsed-field gel electrophoresis. Journal of Clinical Microbiology 1995; 33: 10801083.
6. Katsukawa, C, et al. Toxigenic Corynebacterium ulcerans isolated from the domestic dog for the first time in Japan. Japanese Journal of Infectious Diseases 2009; 62: 171172.
7. Bostock, AD, et al. Corynebacterium ulcerans infection associated with untreated milk. Journal of Infection 1984; 9: 286288.
8. Sing, A, et al. Detection of differences in the nucleotide and amino acid sequences of diphtheria toxin from Corynebacterium diphtheriae and Corynebacterium ulcerans causing extrapharyngeal infections. Journal of Clinical Microbiology 2003; 41: 48484851.
9. Wellinghausen, N, et al. A fatal case of necrotizing sinusitis due to toxigenic Corynebacterium ulcerans . International Journal of Medical Microbiology 2002; 292: 5963.
10. Komiya, T, et al. Two Japanese Corynebacterium ulcerans isolates from the same hospital: ribotype, toxigenicity and serum antitoxin titre. Journal of Medical Microbiology 2010; 59: 14971504.

Keywords

A case report and epidemiological investigation of axillary lymph node abscess caused by Corynebacterium ulcerans in an HIV-1-positive patient

  • Y. YOSHIMURA (a1), N. TACHIKAWA (a1), T. KOMIYA (a2) and A. YAMAMOTO (a2)

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