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Antibiotic resistant staphylococci acquired during the first year of life

  • M. L. Burr (a1), C. H. L. Howells (a2) and P. W. J. Rees (a2)

Summary

Nasal swabs were taken from 492 babies born consecutively to residents of two South Wales towns soon after their discharge from maternity hospitals. Staphylococcus aureus was isolated from 352 babies (72%) and in 79 (22%) of these it was resistant to at least one antibiotic. By the time these babies were a year old the prevalence of both sensitive and resistant strains had fallen, so that only 12% still carried nasal staphylococci, but 64% of these organisms were then resistant to penicillin. Administration of penicillin to the baby seemed to be a more important factor in selecting resistant organisms than other antibiotics given to the baby, any antibiotic treatment to other members of the household, or discharge from hospital.

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References

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Barber, M., Wilson, B. D. R., Rippon, J. E. & Williams, R. E. O. (1953). Spread of Staphylococcus aureus in a maternity department in the absence of severe sepsis. Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of the British Empire 60, 476.
Hurst, V. (1957). Staphylococcus aureus in the infant upper respiratory tract. I. Observations on hospital-born babies. Journal of Hygiene 55, 299.
Williams, R. E. O. (1961). Carriage of staphylococci in the newborn. A comparison of infants born at home with those born in hospital. Lancet ii, 173.
Miller, D. L., Galbraith, N. S. & Green, S. (1962). Nasal carriage of penicillin-resistant staphylococci in the general population. British Journal of Preventive and Social Medicine 16, 203.
Forfar, J. O., Gould, J. C. & Maccabe, A. F. (1968). Effect of hexachlorophane on incidence of staphylococcal and gram-negative infection in the newborn. Lancet II, 177.
Mcallister, T. A., Givan, J., Black, A., Turner, M. J, Kerr, M. M. & Hutchison, J. H. (1974). The natural history of bacterial colonization of the newborn in a maternity hospital (part I). Scottish Medical Journal 19, 119.

Antibiotic resistant staphylococci acquired during the first year of life

  • M. L. Burr (a1), C. H. L. Howells (a2) and P. W. J. Rees (a2)

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