1.Harris, JP, Iturriza-Gomara, M and O'Brien, SJ (2017) Re-assessing the total burden of norovirus circulating in the United Kingdom population. Vaccine 35, 853–855.
2.Havelaar, AH et al. (2015) World Health Organization global estimates and regional comparisons of the burden of foodborne disease in 2010. PLoS Medicine 12, e1001923.
3.Kirk, MD et al. (2015) World Health Organization estimates of the global and regional disease burden of 22 foodborne bacterial, protozoal, and viral diseases, 2010: a data synthesis. PLoS Medicine 12, e1001921.
4.Murphy, HM et al. (2016) Estimating the burden of acute gastrointestinal illness due to Giardia, Cryptosporidium, Campylobacter, E. coli O157 and norovirus associated with private wells and small water systems in Canada. Epidemiology and Infection 144, 1355–1370.
5.O'Brien, SJ et al. (2016) Modelling study to estimate the health burden of foodborne diseases: cases, general practice consultations and hospitalisations in the UK, 2009. BMJ Open 6, e011119.
6.de Laval, F et al. (2011) Severe norovirus outbreak among soldiers in the field: foodborne followed by person-to-person transmission. Clinical Infectious Diseases: an Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America 53, 399–400.
7.Bonifait, L et al. (2015) Detection and quantification of airborne norovirus during outbreaks in healthcare facilities. Clinical Infectious Diseases: an Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America 61, 299–304.
8.Friesema, IH et al. (2009) Norovirus outbreaks in nursing homes: the evaluation of infection control measures. Epidemiology and Infection 137, 1722–1733.
9.Franck, KT et al. (2015) Sources of Calicivirus contamination in foodborne outbreaks in Denmark, 2005–2011–the role of the asymptomatic food handler. The Journal of Infectious Diseases 211, 563–570.
10.Iversen, AM et al. (1987) Two outbreaks of foodborne gastroenteritis caused by a small round structured virus: evidence of prolonged infectivity in a food handler. Lancet (London, England) 2, 556–558.
11.Callejon, RM et al. (2015) Reported foodborne outbreaks due to fresh produce in the United States and European Union: trends and causes. Foodborne Pathogens and Disease 12, 32–38.
12.Baert, L et al. (2011) Review: norovirus prevalence in Belgian, Canadian and French fresh produce: a threat to human health? International Journal of Food Microbiology 151, 261–269.
13.Kokkinos, P et al. (2016) Virological quality of irrigation water in leafy green vegetables and berry fruits production Chains. Food and Environmental Virology 9, 72–78.
14.Mok, HF, Barker, SF and Hamilton, AJ (2014) A probabilistic quantitative microbial risk assessment model of norovirus disease burden from wastewater irrigation of vegetables in Shepparton, Australia. Water Research 54, 347–362.
15.Rumble, C et al. (2017) Role of food handlers in Norovirus outbreaks in London and South East England, 2013 to 2015. Journal of Food Protection 80, 257–264.
16.Parshionikar, SU et al. (2003) Waterborne outbreak of gastroenteritis associated with a norovirus. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 69, 5263–5268.
17.Rizzo, C et al. (2007) Epidemiological and virological investigation of a Norovirus outbreak in a resort in Puglia, Italy. BMC Infectious Diseases 7, 135.
18.Cheng, HY et al. (2017) Ice-associated norovirus outbreak predominantly caused by GII.17 in Taiwan, 2015. BMC Public Health 17, 870.
19.Braeye, T et al. (2015) A large community outbreak of gastroenteritis associated with consumption of drinking water contaminated by river water, Belgium, 2010. Epidemiology and Infection 143, 711–719.
20.Jalava, K et al. (2014) Novel microbiological and spatial statistical methods to improve strength of epidemiological evidence in a community-wide waterborne outbreak. PLoS ONE 9, e104713.
21.Barker, SF (2014) Risk of norovirus gastroenteritis from consumption of vegetables irrigated with highly treated municipal wastewater–evaluation of methods to estimate sewage quality. Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis 34, 803–817.
22.Campos, CJ et al. (2016) Human norovirus in untreated sewage and effluents from primary, secondary and tertiary treatment processes. Water Research 103, 224–232.
23.Sano, D et al. (2016) Risk management of viral infectious diseases in wastewater reclamation and reuse: review. Environment International 91, 220–229.
24.Lopman, BA et al. (2004) Clinical manifestation of norovirus gastroenteritis in health care settings. Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America 39, 318–324.
25.Division of Viral Diseases, National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2011) Updated norovirus outbreak management and disease prevention guidelines. MMWR.Recommendations and Reports: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Recommendations and Reports 60, 1–18.
26.Verani, M, Bigazzi, R and Carducci, A (2014) Viral contamination of aerosol and surfaces through toilet use in health care and other settings. American Journal of Infection Control 42, 758–762.
27.Marks, PJ et al. (2003) A school outbreak of Norwalk-like virus: evidence for airborne transmission. Epidemiology and Infection 131, 727–736.
28.Uhrbrand, K et al. (2017) Evaluation of air samplers and filter materials for collection and recovery of airborne norovirus. Journal of Applied Microbiology 112, 110–119.
29.Zhang, TL et al. (2017) An acute gastroenteritis outbreak caused by GII.P16-GII.2 norovirus associated with airborne transmission via the air conditioning unit in a kindergarten in Lianyungang, China. International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID: Official Publication of the International Society for Infectious Diseases 65, 81–84.
30.Mayor, S (2017) Norovirus infections in England hit highest rate for five years. BMJ (Clinical Research ed.) 356, j117.
31.Matsuyama, R, Miura, F and Nishiura, H (2017) The transmissibility of noroviruses: statistical modeling of outbreak events with known route of transmission in Japan. PLoS ONE 12, e0173996.
32.Kauppinen, A, Pitkänen, T and Miettinen, IT (2017) Persistent norovirus contamination of groundwater supplies in two waterborne outbreaks. Food and Environmental Virology 10, 39–50.
33.Kauppinen, A and Miettinen, IT (2017) Persistence of norovirus GII genome in drinking water and wastewater at different temperatures. Pathogens (Basel, Switzerland) 6, E48.
34.Svraka, S et al. (2010) Epidemiology and genotype analysis of emerging sapovirus-associated infections across Europe. Journal of Clinical Microbiology 48, 2191–2198.
35.Mako, SL et al. (2014) Microbiological quality of packaged ice from various sources in Georgia. Journal of Food Protection 77, 1546–1553.
36.Matthews, JE et al. (2012) The epidemiology of published norovirus outbreaks: a review of risk factors associated with attack rate and genogroup. Epidemiology and Infection 140, 1161–1172.
37.Hung, LS (2003) The SARS epidemic in Hong Kong: what lessons have we learned? Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine 96, 374–378.
38.Gormley, M et al. (2012) An assessment of, and response to, potential cross-contamination routes due to defective appliance water trap seals in building drainage systems. Building Services. Engineering Research and Technology 33, 203–222.
39.Gormley, M et al. (2014) Environmental conditions and the prevalence of norovirus in hospital building drainage system wastewater and airflows. Building Services. Engineering Research and Technology 35, 244–253.
40.Mair-Jenkins, J et al. (2017) Investigation using whole genome sequencing of a prolonged restaurant outbreak of Salmonella Typhimurium linked to the building drainage system, England, February 2015 to March 2016. Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Europeen Sur Les Maladies Transmissibles = European Communicable Disease Bulletin 22, 1–9. doi: 10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2017.22.49.17-00037.