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The Kirby Canyon Conservation Agreement: A Model for the Resolution of Land-use Conflicts Involving Threatened Invertebrates

  • Dennis D. Murphy (a1)

Extract

The Kirby Canyon Conservation Agreement was designed to provide protection of the Bay Checkerspot Butterfly (Euphydryas editha bayensis) while allowing development of an extensive solid-waste landfill in the habitat of that threatened subspecies. Elements of the programme include 1) biological research; 2) habitat acquisition; 3) habitat management; 4) restoration and revegetation activities; and 5) off-site recovery, including reintroduc-tion of the Butterfly into an unoccupied suitable habitat.

The high likelihood of success of this agreement reflects the availability of detailed life-history information, the known ecological characteristics of the Butterfly, and the geographic scale of the proposed development. This agreement should provide a useful model for the resolution of potential conflicts between endangered invertebrates and resource development in urban corridors elsewhere.

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References

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Ehrlich, P.R. & Murphy, D.D. (1981). The population biology of checkerspot butterflies (Euphydryas). Biol. Zbl., 100, pp. 613–29, illustr.
Ehrlich, P.R. & Murphy, D.D. (1987 a). Conservation lessons from long-term studies of checkerspot butterflies. J. Cons. Biol., 1, pp. 122–31, illustr.
Ehrlich, P.R. & Murphy, D.D. (1987 b). Monitoring populations on remnants of native vegetation. Pp. 201–10 in Nature Conservation: The Role of Remnants of Native Vegetation (Eds Saunders, D. et al. ), ‘Surrey Beatty’. [Not available for checking.]
Ehrlich, P.R., White, R.R., Singer, M.C., McKechnie, S.W. & Gilbert, L. (1975). Checkerspot butterflies: An historical perspective. Science, 188, pp. 221–8, illustr.
Harrison, S., Murphy, D.D. & Ehrlich, P.R. (in press). Meta-population ecology of the checkerspot butterfly Euphydryas editha bayensis. Amer. Nat.
Murphy, D.D. (in press). Challenges to preserving biological diversity in urban areas. In Proceedings of the National Forum on Biodiversity. National Academy of Sciences, Washington, DC, USA.
Murphy, D.D. & Ehrlich, P.R. (1980). Two California Checkerspot Butterfly subspecies: One new, one on the verge of extinction. J. Lepid. Soc., 34, pp. 316–20, illustr.
Murphy, D.D. & Ehrlich, P.R. (in press). The conservation Biology of California's remnant native grasslands. In California Grasslands: Structure and Productivity (Eds H. A. Mooney & L.F. Heunekke). Junk, The Hague, Netherlands.
Murphy, D.D. & Weiss, S.B. (MS). Conservation biology of the Bay Checkerspot Butterfly, Euphydryas editha bayensis. (Submitted to Biological Conservation.)
Murphy, D.D. & Weiss, S.B. (in press). A method for monitoring larval population dynamics and size in an endangered butterfly, J. Appl. Ecol.
Weiss, S.B., White, R.R., Murphy, D.D. & Ehrlich, P.R. (1987). Growth and dispersal of larvae of the checkerspot butterfly. Euphydryas editha. Oikos, 50, pp. 161–6, illustr.

The Kirby Canyon Conservation Agreement: A Model for the Resolution of Land-use Conflicts Involving Threatened Invertebrates

  • Dennis D. Murphy (a1)

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