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Brazil’s Native Vegetation Protection Law Jeopardizes Wetland Conservation: A Comment on Maltchik et al.

  • Daniel Grasel (a1), Philip Martin Fearnside (a2), André Scarlate Rovai (a3) (a4), Jean Ricardo Simões Vitule (a5), Ricardo Ribeiro Rodrigues (a6), Roger Paulo Mormul (a7), Flávia Duarte Ferraz Sampaio (a8) and João André Jarenkow (a1) (a9)...


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Author for correspondence: Mr Daniel Grasel Email:


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Azevedo-Santos, VM, Fearnside, PM, Oliveira, CS, Padial, AA, Pelicice, FM, Lima, DP Jr, Simberloff, D et al. (2017). Removing the abyss between conservation science and policy decisions in Brazil. Biodiversity and Conservation 26: 17451752.
Brancalion, PHS, Garcia, LC, Loyola, R, Rodrigues, RR, Pillar, VD, Lewinsohn, TM (2016) A critical analysis of the Native Vegetation Protection Law of Brazil (2012): updates and ongoing initiatives. Natureza & Conservação 14: 115.
Brazil (2012) Federal Law no. 12,651/2012. URL
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Grasel, D, Fearnside, PM, Vitule, JRS, Bozelli, RL, Mormul, RP, Rodrigues, RR, Wittmann, F et al. (2018a) Brazilian wetlands on the brink. Biodiversity and Conservation. Epub ahead of print, DOI: 10.1007/s10531-018-1666-z.
Grasel, D, Mormul, RP, Bozelli, RL, Thomaz, SM, Jarenkow, JA (2018b) Brazil’s Native Vegetation Protection Law threatens to collapse pond functions. Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation 16: 234237.
Hamerlík, L, Svitok, M, Novikmec, M, Očadlík, M, Bitušík, P (2014) Local, among site, and regional diversity patterns of benthic macroinvertebrates in high altitude waterbodies: do ponds differ from lakes? Hydrobiologia 723: 4152.
Hill, MJ, Death, RG, Mathers, KL, Ryves, DB, White, JC, Wood, PJ (2017) Macroinvertebrate community composition and diversity in ephemeral and perennial ponds on unregulated floodplain meadows in the UK. Hydrobiologia 793: 95108.
Junk, WJ, An, S, Finlayson, CM, Gopal, B, Květ, J, Mitchell, SA, Mitsch, WJ et al. (2013) Current state of knowledge regarding the world’s wetlands and their future under climate change: a synthesis. Aquatic Sciences 75: 151167.
Junk, WJ, Piedade, MTF, Lourival, R, Wittmann, F, Kandus, P, Lacerda, LD, Bozelli, RL et al. (2014) Brazilian wetlands: their definition, delineation, and classification for research, sustainable management, and protection. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems 24: 522.
Maltchik, L, Caleffi, V, Stenert, C, Batzer, DP, Piedade, MTF, Junk, WJ (2018) Legislation for wetland conservation in Brazil: are existing term and definitions sufficient? Environmental Conservation 45: 301305.
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Oliveira-Filho, RR, Rovai, AS, Menghini, RP, Coelho, C Jr, Schaeffer-Novelli, Y, Cintrón, G (2016) On the impact of the Brazilian Forest Code on mangroves: a comment to Ferreira and Lacerda (2016). Ocean & Coastal Management 132: 3637.
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Stenert, C, Ehlert, B, Ávila, AC, Sousa, FDR, Esquinatti, FM, Batzer, DP, Maltchik, L (2016) Dormant propagule banks of aquatic invertebrates in ponds invaded by exotic pine species in southern Brazil. Marine & Freshwater Research 68: 954963.
Taniwaki, RH, Forte, YA, Silva, GO, Brancalion, PHS, Cogueto, CV, Filoso, S, Ferraz, SFB (2018) The Native Vegetation Protection Law of Brazil and the challenge for first-order stream conservation. Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation 16: 4953.
Volcan, MV, Lanés, LEK (2018) Brazilian killifishes risk extinction. Science 361: 340341.



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