Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Del Norte Meets Little Saigon: Ethnic Entrepreneurship on Broadway Avenue in Wichita, Kansas, 1970–2015

  • JAY M. PRICE (a1), SUE ABDINNOUR (a2) and DAVID T. HUGHES (a3)

Abstract

Since the 1970s, a stretch of Broadway Avenue in Wichita, Kansas, has seen the growth of both Latino and Asian businesses. Using mapping, data analysis, and historical research, this study compares the growth of ethnic entrepreneurship between both populations. The results not only reveal similarities but also illustrate the degree to which ethnic entrepreneurship varies, depending on a population’s situation in a given location.

Copyright

References

Hide All
Blalock, Hubert M. Jr. Toward a Theory of Minority Group Relations. New York: John Wiley, 1967.
Bonacich, Edna, and Modell, John. The Economic Basis of Ethnic Solidarity: Small Business in the Japanese American Community. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1980.
Bristol, Douglas Walter Jr. Knights of the Razor: Black Barbers in Slavery and Freedom. Baltimore, MD: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 2009.
Davila, Arlene. Latinos, Inc.: The Marketing and Making of a People. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2001.
DeHart, Monica C. Ethnic Entrepreneurs: Identity and Development Politics in Latin America. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 2010.
Diaz, David R. Barrio Urbanism: Chicanos, Planning, and American Cities. New York: Routledge, 2005.
Diner, Hasia. Hungering for America: Italian, Irish, and Jewish Foodways in the Age of Migration. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2001.
Diner, Hasia. In The Almost Promised Land: American Jews and Blacks 1915–1935. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1977.
Diner, Hasia. Roads Taken: The Great Jewish Migrations to the New World and the Peddlers Who Forged the Way. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2015.
Elkin, Judith Laikin. The Jews of Latin America. Rev. ed. New York: Holmes & Meier, 1998.
Gabaccia, Donna R. We Are What We Eat: Ethnic Food and the Making of Americans. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1998.
Ghattas, Monkia. Los Arabes of New Mexico: Compadres from a Distant Land. Santa Fe: Sunstone Press, 2012.
Henderson, Timothy J. Beyond Borders: A History of Mexican Migration to the United States. Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell, 2011.
Khater, Akram Faoud. Inventing Home: Emigration, Gender, and the Middle Class in Lebanon, 1870–1920. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2001.
Kijakazi, Kilolo. African-American Economic Development and Small Business Ownership. New York: Garland Publishing, 1997.
Kim, Kwang Chung, ed. Koreans in the Hood: Conflict with African Americans. Baltimore, MD: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1999.
Leba, John K. The Vietnamese Entrepreneurs in the U.S.A.: The First Decade. Houston: Zieleks Company, 1985.
Light, Ivan. Ethnic Enterprise in America. Oakland: University of California Press, 1972.
Light, Ivan, and Bhachu, Parminder, eds. Immigration and Entrepreneurship: Culture, Capital, and Ethnic Networks. New Brunswick, UK: Transaction Publishers, 1993.
Longworth, Richard C. Caught in the Middle: America’s Heartland in the Age of Globalism. New York: Bloomsbury, 2008.
Miner, Craig. Wichita: The Magic City. Wichita, KS: Wichita-Sedgwick County Historical Society, 1988.
Mize, Ronald L., and Swords, Alicia C. S.. Consuming Mexican Labor: From the Bracero Program to NAFTA. Toronto, ON: University of Toronto Press, 2011.
Rogers, W. Sherman. The African American Entrepreneur: Then and Now. Santa Barbara, CA: Praeger, 2010.
Romo, Ricardo. East Los Angeles: History of A Barrio. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1983.
Ruiz, Vicki L. Cannery Women, Cannery Lives: Mexican Women, Unionization, and the California Food Processing Industry, 1930–1950. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1987.
Shortridge, James R. Cities on the Plains: The Evolution of Urban Kansas. Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 2004.
Shortridge, James R. The Middle West: Its Meaning in American Culture. Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 1989.
Suarez-Orozco, Marcelo M., ed. Crossings: Mexican Immigration in Interdisciplinary Perspectives. David Rockefeller Center for Latin American Studies. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University, 1998.
Timmons, Jeffrey, and Spinelli, Stephen. New Venture Creation Entrepreneurship for the 21st Century. New York: McGraw-Hill Irwin, 2004.
Uchill, Ida Liebert. Pioneers, Peddlers, and Tsadikim: The Story of Jews in Colorado. 3rd ed. Boulder: University of Colorado Press, 2000.
Waldinger, Roger, Aldrich, Howard, and Ward, Robin. Ethnic Entrepreneurs: Immigrant Business in Industrial Societies. Newbury Park, UK: Sage Publications, 1990.
Weems, Robert E. Jr. Business in Black and White: American Presidents and Black Entrepreneurs in the Twentieth Century. New York: New York University Press, 2009.
Weems, Robert E. Jr. Black Business in the Black Metropolis: The Chicago Metropolitan Assurance Company, 1925–1985. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1996.
Weissbach, Lee Shai. Jewish Life in Small-Town America: A History. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2005.
Wong, Wayne Hung. American Paper Son: A Chinese Immigrant in the Midwest. Edited by Tong, Benson. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2006.
Wrobel, David M. Promised Lands: Promotion, Memory, and the Creation of the American West. Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 2002.
Alcocer, Marco A. “Mexico: The Second Largest Export Market of Kansas.” El Perico, March 2016, 7–8.
Anderson, Stuart. “Immigrants and Billion Dollar Startups.” National Foundation for American Policy, March 2016, www.nfap.com
Avila, Henry J. “The Mexican American Community in Garden City, Kansas, 1900–1950.” Kansas History (Spring 1997): 2237.
Bahari, Sarah. “Founder of Felipe’s Helped Everyone.” Wichita Eagle, January 27, 2003.
Bonacich, Edna. “A Theory of Middleman Minorities.” American Sociological Review 38 (October 1973): 583594.
Burth, Bobby. “Kansas City Lands Among Top 5 Cities for Entrepreneurs Worldwide.” Kansas City Business Journal, February 5, 2015, http://wearegen.co/gew.
Carranza, Miguel A. “The Hispanic Presence on the Great Plains: An Introduction.” Great Plains Quarterly 10 (Spring 1990): 6770.
Chaganti, Radha, and Greene, Patricia. “Who Are Ethnic Entrepreneurs? A Study of Entrepreneurs’ Ethnic Involvement and Business Characteristics.” Journal of Small Business Management 40 (2002): 126143.
Cole, Arthur H. “An Approach to the Study of Entrepreneurship: A Tribute to Edwin F. Gay.” Supplement: The Tasks of Economic History. Journal of Economic History 6 (May 1946): 115.
Cox, Bob. “Cornejo & Son’s Founder Dies at 66: Entrepreneur Hailed as ‘Self-Made Man.’” Wichita Eagle, April 18, 1994.
Curry, Robbie, and Donsey, Martin. “‘We are Still Homesick …’ Wichita Now Home to 2,100 Indochinese.” Wichita Eagle and Beacon, October 7, 1979.
De Hoyos, Jorge. “Connie’s Mexico Cafe Serves Authentic Food at Low Prices.” Wichita Eagle, June 12, 2014.
Duran, Alicia. “India’s Diaspora in Wichita: An East Indian’s Journey to the Land of ‘Oz.’” Wichita Islamic Society, http://www.myisw.org (see History web page).
Garrett-Scott, Shennette. “To Do a Work That Would Be Very Far Reaching: Minnie Geddings Cox, the Mississippi Life Insurance Company, and the Challenges of Black Women’s Business Leadership in the Early Twentieth-Century United States.” Enterprise & Society 17 (September 2016): 473514.
Gill, Jason. “Kansas City Is Building America’s Most Entrepreneurial City.” Huffington Post, December 10, 2012, www.huffingtonpost.com/jason-grill/kansas-city-entrepreneurship_b_2264500.html.
Gill, Tiffany M. “Civic Beauty: Beauty Culturists and the Politics of African American Female Entrepreneurship, 1900–1965.” Enterprise & Society 5 (December 2004): 583593.
Gartner, William, “Who is an Entrepreneur? Is the Wrong Question” Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice (Summer 1989): 4768.
Hathaway, Ian. “Accelerating Growth: Startup Accelerator Programs in the United States,” Brookings Institution, February 17, 2016, www.brookings.edu/research/accelerating-growth-startup-accelerator-programs-in-the-united-states.
Hathaway, Ian, and Litan, Robert E.. “What’s Driving the Decline in the Firm Formation Rate? A Partial Explanation.” Brookings Institution, November 20, 2014, www.brookings.edu/research/whats-driving-the-decline-in-the-firm-formation-rate-a-partial-explanation.
Heck, Josh. “Wichita’s Nomar International Plaza Opens.” Wichita Business Journal, April 29, 2011.
Horwath, Bryan. “Hispanic Community Could Be Sleeping Giant.” Wichita Eagle, March 9, 2016.
Lessner, Lori. “Planning the Area’s Growth.” Wichita Eagle, April 18, 1999.
Lunday, Sarah. “Hispanic-Owned Business Numbers Surge. National Associations Say the Sharp Increase in Hispanic Businesses is Showing No Sign of Letting Up.” Wichita Eagle, May 4, 1997.
Mann, Fred. “2010 Census Figures: A More Diverse Kansas—Racial, Ethnic Profile Dramatically Changes.” Wichita Eagle, May 4, 2011.
Martell, Lillian Zier. “Here We Grow: Whether We Favor Older Urban Neighborhoods or Expansive Suburban Lots, Our Choices Are Shaping the Way Wichita Grows.” Wichita Eagle, August 6, 2000.
McCormick, Mark. “Are You Ready for a New Reality? Wichita Magazine, November 1, 2014, www.wichitamag.com/blogsearch/issues/0211/are-you-ready-new-reality.
McCurry, Rhonda. “23 Years of Mexican Cooking.” Wichita Eagle, December 25, 2008.
McMillan, Molly. “Asian Shopping Center a First for Wichita.” Wichita Eagle, November 13, 1995.
Neil, Denise. “Connie’s Mexico Cafe Celebrates 50 Years in Business.” Wichita Eagle, April 24, 2013.
Neil, Denise. “Cortez Mexican Restaurant to Celebrate 30th Anniversary.” Wichita Eagle, June 17, 2015.
Neil, Denise. “Cortez Mexican Restaurant Could Close If Business Does Not Improve.” Wichita Eagle, January 8, 2015.
Neil, Denise. “Doc’s Steak House Will Close in October After 62 Years in Business.” Wichita Eagle, September 18, 2014.
Olegario, Rowena. “‘That Mysterious People’: Jewish Merchants, Transparency, and Community in Mid-Nineteenth Century America.” Business History Review 73 (Summer 1999): 161189.
Partnership for a New American Economy. “The New American Fortune 500.” Partnership for a New American Economy, June 2011.
Pollak, Oliver B. “The Jewish Peddlers of Omaha.” Nebraska History 63 (December 1982): 474501.
Price, Jay M. “‘Peerless Princess of the Southwest’: Boosterism and Regional Identity in Wichita, Kansas.” Kansas History 38 (Summer 2015): 79106
Price, Jay M., and Abdinnour, Sue. “Family, Ethnic Entrepreneurship, and the Lebanese of Kansas.” Great Plains Quarterly 33 (Summer 2013): 161188.
Rengers, Carrie. “Running A U.S. Business—New Country, New Rules: Local Hispanic Business Owners Contend With More Regulations Than In Their Native Countries.” Wichita Eagle, October 20, 2002.
Rodriguez, Joe. “As Hispanic Population Grows, So Do Businesses.” Wichita Eagle, May 25, 2003.
Rothman, Hal. “Same Horse, New Wagon: Tradition and Assimilation Among the Jews of Wichita, 1865–1930.” Great Plains Quarterly 15 (Spring 1995): 83104.
Rush, Diane Samms. “Coyote’s Closing is Landmark’s Last Dance.” Wichita Eagle, July 9, 1993.
Sarachek, Bernard. “Jewish American Entrepreneurs.” Journal of Economic History 40 (June 1980): 359372.
Scheideler, Karen. “Restaurateur Don Norton Remembered as Gregarious.” Wichita Eagle, January 9, 2010.
Schofield, Randy. “21st St. Revitalization Requires Neighborhood Unity.” Wichita Eagle, December 15, 2004.
Shine, Conor. “21st, Broadway Market to Open–Nomar International Marketplace’s June 25 Opening Seen as Key to Area’s Revitalization.” Wichita Eagle, June 14, 2010.
Shine, Conor. “Opening Postponed for Nomar Marketplace.” Wichita Eagle, June 26, 2010.
Siebenmark, Jerry. “Wichita’s Hispanic Population Doubled as Families Came Looking for Jobs.” Wichita Business Journal, April 21, 2002.
Sommers, Novelda. “Local Hispanic Chamber Is Now Open for Business.” Wichita Eagle, April 25, 2002.
Stumpe, Joe. “Savute’s Treats Diners Like Part of the Family–Dim Lights, Sweet Red Sauce and Crooner’s Tunes Take Visitors Back to a Time When Drinking Was Illegal and North Broadway Was the Happening Place in Wichita.” Wichita Eagle, October 16, 2000.
Sylvester, Ron. “Nomar International Marketplace Opens Today.” Wichita Eagle, May 7, 2011.
Tucker, David M. “Black Pride and Negro Business in the 1920s: George Washington Lee of Memphis.” Business History Review 43 (January 1969): 435451.
Voorhis, Dan. “Can Wichita Get Its Entrepreneurial Mojo Back?” Wichita Business Journal, December 12, 2015.
Waldinger, Roger, and Aldrich, Howard. “Trends in Ethnic Business in the United States.” In Ethnic Entrepreneurs: Immigrant Business in Industrial Societies, edited by Waldinger, Roger, Aldrich, Howard, and Ward, Robin, 4978. Newbury Park, UK: Sage Publications, 1990.
Waldinger, Roger, McEvoy, David, and Aldrich, Howard. “Spatial Dimensions of Opportunity Structures.” In Ethnic Entrepreneurs: Immigrant Business in Industrial Societies, edited by Waldinger, Roger, Aldrich, Howard, and Ward, Robin, 106130. Newbury Park, UK: Sage Publications, 1990.
Walker, Juliette E. K. Encyclopedia of African American Business History. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1999.
Walker, Juliette E. K. The History of Black Business in America: Capitalism, Race, Entrepreneurship. New York: MacMillan Library Reference, 1998.
Wenzl, Roy. “Analyst Presents Sobering View of Wichita Economy, Community.” Wichita Eagle, September 22, 2015.
Wenzl, Roy. “Entrepreneurship in Wichita—A Best-known Trait Now Old History?” Wichita Eagle, September 26, 2015.
Williams, Van. “Building a Latino Showplace—Business Owners and Residents Must Work Together If They Want a More Retail-friendly Identity for the Midtown North Area, The City Says.” Wichita Eagle, September 23, 2002.
Woods, Christina M. “Diversity Seasons Grocers’ Shelves.” Wichita Eagle, February 2, 2006.
Woods, Christina M. “People on West 21st Street Wait, Wonder—How Far Off is a Revival?” Wichita Eagle, April 17, 2007.
Franco, Hector. “The Mexican People in the State of Kansas.” M.A. thesis, University of Wichita, 1950.
Ricke, Audrey. “Expressing Ethnicity, A Vietnamese Community in Kansas.” M.A. thesis, Anthropology, Wichita State University, 2006.
Tran, Anh. “The Wichita Vietnamese.” Ph.D. dissertation, Department of Secondary Education, Kansas State University, 2002.
City of Wichita, Wichita-Sedgwick County Planning Department. 21st Street North Corridor Revitalization Plan. Wichita, KS: Wichita-Sedgwick County Planning Department, 2004. www.wichita.gov/Government/Departments/Planning.
City of Wichita, Wichita-Sedgwick County Planning Department. Midtown Neighborhood Plan. Wichita, KS: Wichita-Sedgwick County Planning Department, 2004). http://www.wichita.gov/Government/Departments/Planning/NR/NR%20Documents/Midtown%20Neighborhood%20Plan.pdf.
Historic Midtown Citizen’s Association. Historic Midtown Citizens Association: 25 Years: 1972–1977. Wichita, KS: Historic Midtown Citizens Association, 1997. http://midtownwichita.org/Books/25%20year.pdf.
vdolorosa (documentary). “From Football to Futbol,” 2013, accessed via https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1CArC7aEWZo&feature=youtu.be

Del Norte Meets Little Saigon: Ethnic Entrepreneurship on Broadway Avenue in Wichita, Kansas, 1970–2015

  • JAY M. PRICE (a1), SUE ABDINNOUR (a2) and DAVID T. HUGHES (a3)

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed