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A NEWLY IDENTIFIED BACH CANTATA FRAGMENT IN A BEETHOVEN MANUSCRIPT

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  16 February 2017

Extract

Beethoven's sketch leaves are so numerous and at times so impenetrable that they are bound to throw up the occasional surprise when studied in detail. Around ten thousand such pages survive; they are generally difficult to decipher, and often more than one work appears on a single page. Nevertheless, few surprises will have been as unexpected as the identification of a fragment of a little-known Bach cantata amongst Beethoven's early sketches.

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Essays
Copyright
Copyright © Cambridge University Press, 2017 

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References

1 See Johnson, Douglas, Tyson, Alan and Winter, Robert, The Beethoven Sketchbooks: History, Reconstruction, Inventory, ed. Johnson, Douglas (Oxford: Clarendon, 1985), 511523 Google Scholar.

2 London, British Library, Add. 29801, fols 39–162; Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin – Preussischer Kulturbesitz, Musikabteilung, Beethoven Autograph 28. See Johnson, Tyson and Winter, The Beethoven Sketchbooks, 511.

3 Kerman, Joseph, ed., Ludwig van Beethoven: Autograph Miscellany from 1786 to 1799, two volumes (London: British Museum, 1970)Google Scholar; Johnson, Douglas, Beethoven's Early Sketches in the ‘Fischhof’ Miscellany: Berlin Autograph 28, two volumes (Ann Arbor: UMI, 1980)Google Scholar; Musikhandschriften der Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin – Preussischer Kulturbesitz (Munich: Saar, 2002–2005) [microfiche]. The Fischhof Miscellany can be viewed online at: <http://digital.staatsbibliothek-berlin.de/werkansicht/?PPN=PPN780577523&PHYSID=PHYS_0001> (25 April 2016).

4 Johnson, Tyson and Winter, Beethoven's Early Sketches, volume 1, 283.

5 See Dorfmüller, Kurt, Gertsch, Norbert and Ronge, Julia, Ludwig van Beethoven: Thematisch-bibliographisches Werkverzeichnis, two volumes (Munich: Henle, 2014), volume 2, 104105 Google Scholar and 217–219.

6 Information kindly supplied by John David Wilson, to whom I am most grateful. See the forthcoming book by Wilson, John D. and Reisinger, Elisabeth, with Riepe, Juliane, The Operatic Library of Elector Maximilian Franz: Catalogue of the Manuscript Sources (Bonn: Beethoven-Haus, 2017)Google Scholar, which will include an appendix of copyists.

7 Johnson, Tyson and Winter, Beethoven's Early Sketches, volume 1, 283–284; see also 263.

8 Johnson, Tyson and Winter, Beethoven's Early Sketches, volume 1, 284.

9 Kafka Miscellany, fol. 61r; see Kerman, ed., Autograph Miscellany, volume 2, 292.

10 See Riepe, Juliane, ‘Eine neue Quelle zum Repertoire der Bonner Hofkapelle im späten 18. Jahrhundert’, Archiv für Musikwissenschaft 60/2 (2003), 97114 CrossRefGoogle Scholar.

11 See Schulze, Hans-Joachim and Wolff, Christoph, Bach Compendium, volume 1/3 (Frankfurt: Peters, 1988), 866, under B 11Google Scholar.

12 Glöckner, Andreas, ‘Neuerkenntnisse zu Johann Sebastian Bachs Aufführungskalender zwischen 1729 und 1735’, Bach-Jahrbuch 67 (1981), 4376 Google Scholar.

13 See Hudson, Frederick, Bach, Johann Sebastian: Neue Ausgabe sämtlicher Werke [Neue Bach-Ausgabe], series 1, volume 33: Trauungskantaten: Kritischer Bericht (Kassel: Bärenreiter, 1958), 1823 Google Scholar.

14 See Krummacher, Friedhelm, ‘Bachs frühe Kantaten im Kontext der Tradition’, Die Musikforschung 44/1 (1991), 16 Google Scholar.

15 Bach, Johann Sebastian, Trauungs-Cantaten, Johann Sebastian Bach's Werke, volume 13, part 1, ed. Rust, Wilhelm (Leipzig: Breitkopf und Härtel, 1864), xx; the score is at 73–94Google Scholar.

16 See Küster, Konrad, ‘ Der Herr denket an uns bwv 196: Eine frühe Bach-Kantate und ihr Kontext’, Musik und Kirche 66/2 (1996), 8496 Google Scholar.

17 Glöckner, ‘Neuerkenntnisse’, 67.

18 Bach, Trauungs-Cantaten, xx.

19 Spitta, Philipp, Johann Sebastian Bach, volume 1 (Leipzig: Breitkopf & Härtel, 1873), 369 Google Scholar. See also, for example, Hudson, Kritischer Bericht, 24, and Schulze and Wolff, Bach Compendium, volume 1/3, 866.

20 See Wolff, Christoph, Bach: Essays on His Life and Music (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1991), 152 Google Scholar.

21 See Zenck, Martin, Die Bach-Rezeption des späten Beethovens (Stuttgart: Steiner, 1986), 2026 Google Scholar.

22 Zenck, Die Bach-Rezeption, 26–31.

23 Glöckner, ‘Neuerkenntnisse’, 59.

24 See Hudson, Kritische Bericht, 26.

25 Hudson, Kritische Bericht, 26.

26 Schmidt, Hans, ‘Verzeichnis der Skizzen Beethovens’, Beethoven-Jahrbuch 6 (1965–1968), 7128 Google Scholar.

27 Kirnberger, Johann Philipp, Die Kunst des reinen Satzes in der Musik (Berlin and Königsberg, 1771–1779)Google Scholar. Beethoven's copy dated from 1793 or later: see Zenck, Die Bach-Rezeption, 114.

28 See van Beethoven, Ludwig, Briefwechsel: Gesamtausgabe, volume 2, ed. Brandenburg, Sieghard (Munich: Henle, 1996), 164 (No. 474)Google Scholar.

29 For a list of Bach excerpts in Kirnberger's treatise see Zenck, Die Bach-Rezeption, 114.

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