Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Occurrence and possible sources of organochlorine pesticides in soils of Ningbo, East China

  • Jianfeng TANG (a1) (a2), Jiayong FENG (a3), Gang LI (a1) (a2), Mengqi LIANG (a2), Ruijie WANG (a1) (a2) and Chao CAI (a1)...

Abstract

Study of the residues of organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) can assist with the assessment of the contamination level, distribution, sources, transportation and trends in these selected OCPs. We investigated the concentration levels of hexachlorocyclohexanes (HCHs), dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT), chlordane, which is currently used, and the never-used aldrin and dieldrin in the Ningbo region – a heavily industrialised and urbanised area in East China. OCPs were found in all soil samples and were predominantly composed of HCHs, DDT and its metabolites. The concentration of DDTs in the soil ranged from 2.2 to 566.6ngg–1, with a mean value of 55.6±94.8ngg–1, while the concentration of HCHs ranged from 2.7 to 28.2ngg–1, with an average of 4.6±2.9ngg–1. Aldrin, dieldrin, endrin and heptachlor were detected at much lower concentrations. The wide distribution of these never-used OCPs indicates that they have been input via long-range atmospheric processes. The results from analysis suggest that HCHs and DDTs were mainly derived from use in historical times.

Copyright

Corresponding author

*Corresponding author

References

Hide All
Bidleman, T. F., Jantunen, L. M., Helm, P. A., Brorström-Lundén, E. & Juntto, S. 2002. Chlordane enantiomers and temporal trends of chlordane isomers in arctic air. Environmental Science & Technology 36, 539544.
Briz, V., Molina-Molina, J.-M., Sánchez-Redondo, S., Fernández, M. F., Grimalt, J. O., Olea, N., Rodríguez-Farré, E. & Suñol, C. 2011. Differential estrogenic effects of the persistent organochlorine pesticides dieldrin, endosulfan, and lindane in primary neuronal cultures. Toxicological Sciences 120, 413427.
Cai, Q. Y., Mo, C. H., Wu, Q. T., Katsoyiannis, A. & Zeng, Q. Y. 2008. The status of soil contamination by semivolatile organic chemicals (SVOCs) in China: a review. Science of the Total Environment 389, 209224.
Chen, L., Ran, Y., Xing, B., Mai, B., He, J., Wei, X., Fu, J. & Sheng, G. 2005. Contents and sources of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and organochlorine pesticides in vegetable soils of Guangzhou, China. Chemosphere 60, 879890.
Dan, Y., Shi-Hua, Q., Zhang, J.-Q., Ling-Zhi, T., Zhang, J.-P., Zhang, Y., Feng, X., Xin-Li, X., Ying, H. & Wei, C. 2012. Residues of organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) in agricultural soils of Zhangzhou City, China. Pedosphere 22, 178189.
Fang, Y., Nie, Z., Die, Q., Tian, Y., Liu, F., He, J. & Huang, Q. 2017. Organochlorine pesticides in soil, air, and vegetation at and around a contaminated site in southwestern China: concentration, transmission, and risk evaluation. Chemosphere 178, 340349.
Fu, S., Chu, S. & Xu, X. 2001. Organochlorine pesticide residue in soils from Tibet, China. Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 66, 171177.
Ge, J., Woodward, L. A., Li, Q. X. & Wang, J. 2013. Composition, distribution and risk assessment of organochlorine pesticides in soils from the Midway Atoll, North Pacific Ocean. Science of the Total Environment 452, 421426.
Gong, Z., Xu, F., Dawson, R., Cao, J., Liu, W., Li, B., Shen, W., Zhang, W., Qin, B. & Sun, R. 2004. Residues of hexachlorocyclohexane isomers and their distribution characteristics in soils in the Tianjin area, China. Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 46, 432437.
Hu, W., Huang, B., Zhao, Y., Sun, W. & Gu, Z. 2014. Distribution, sources and potential risk of HCH and DDT in soils from a typical alluvial plain of the Yangtze River Delta region, China. Environmental Geochemistry and Health 36, 345358.
Jiang, Y.-F., Wang, X.-T., Jia, Y., Wang, F., Wu, M.-H., Sheng, G.-Y. & Fu, J-M. 2009. Occurrence, distribution and possible sources of organochlorine pesticides in agricultural soil of Shanghai, China. Journal of Hazardous Materials 170, 989997.
Li, J., Zhang, G., Qi, S., Li, X. & Peng, X. 2006. Concentrations, enantiomeric compositions, and sources of HCH, DDT and chlordane in soils from the Pearl River Delta, South China. Science of the Total Environment 372, 215224.
Li, X.-H., Wang, W., Wang, J., Cao, X.-L., Wang, X.-F., Liu, J.-C., Liu, X.-F., Xu, X.-B. & Jiang, X.-N. 2008. Contamination of soils with organochlorine pesticides in urban parks in Beijing, China. Chemosphere 70, 16601668.
Liu, X., Zhang, G., Li, J., Yu, L.-L., Xu, Y., Li, X.-D., Kobara, Y. & Jones, K. C. 2009. Seasonal patterns and current sources of DDTs, chlordanes, hexachlorobenzene, and endosulfan in the atmosphere of 37 Chinese cities. Environmental Science & Technology 43, 13161321.
Nakata, H., Hirakawa, Y., Kawazoe, M., Nakabo, T., Arizono, K., Abe, S.-I., Kitano, T., Shimada, H., Watanabe, I. & Lim, W. 2005. Concentrations and compositions of organochlorine contaminants in sediments, soils, crustaceans, fishes and birds collected from Lake Tai, Hangzhou Bay and Shanghai city region, China. Environmental Pollution 133, 415429.
Qiu, X., Zhu, T., Yao, B., Hu, J. & Hu, S. 2005. Contribution of dicofol to the current DDT pollution in China. Environmental Science & Technology 39, 43854390.
Qu, C., Qi, S., Yang, D., Huang, H., Zhang, J., Chen, W., Yohannes, H. K., Sandy, E. H., Yang, J. & Xing, X. 2015. Risk assessment and influence factors of organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) in agricultural soils of the hill region: a case study from Ningde, southeast China. Journal of Geochemical Exploration 149, 4351.
Tao, S., Liu, W., Li, Y., Yang, Y., Zuo, Q., Li, B. & Cao, J. 2008. Organochlorine pesticides contaminated surface soil as reemission source in the Haihe Plain, China. Environmental Science & Technology 42, 83958400.
The People's Republic of China. 2009. The People's Republic of China National Implementation Plan for the Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants. Beijing: China Environment Science Press.
Tieyu, W., Yonglong, L., Hong, Z. & Yajuan, S. 2005. Contamination of persistent organic pollutants (POPs) and relevant management in China. Environment International 31, 813821.
Wang, X., Ren, N. Q., Qi, H., Ma, W. L. & Li, Y. F. 2009. Levels, distributions, and source identification of organochlorine pesticides in the topsoils in Northeastern China. Journal of Environmental Sciences 21, 13861392.
Wei, Y.-L., Bao, L.-J., Wu, C.-C., He, Z.-C. & Zeng, E. Y. 2015. Assessing the effects of urbanization on the environment with soil legacy and current-use insecticides: A case study in the Pearl River Delta, China. Science of the Total Environment 514, 409417.
Xu, W., Nanqi, R., Hong, Q., Wanli, M. & Yifan, L. 2009. Levels, distributions, and source identification of organochlorine pesticides in the topsoils in Northeastern China. Journal of Environmental Sciences 21, 13861392.
Yang, D., Qi, S. H., Zhang, J. Q., Tan, L. Z., Zhang, J. P., Zhang, Y., Xu, F., Xing, X. L., Hu, Y., Chen, W., Yang, J. H. & Xu, M. H. 2012. Residues of Organochlorine Pesticides (OCPs) in Agricultural Soils of Zhangzhou City, China. Pedosphere 22, 178179.
Yang, L., Xia, X., Liu, S. & Bu, Q. 2010. Distribution and sources of DDTs in urban soils with six types of land use in Beijing, China. Journal of Hazardous Materials 174, 100107.
Zhang, A., Liu, W., Yuan, H., Zhou, S., Su, Y. & Li, Y.-F. 2011. Spatial distribution of hexachlorocyclohexanes in agricultural soils in Zhejiang Province, China, and correlations with elevation and temperature. Environmental Science & Technology 45, 63036308.
Zhang, A., Fang, L., Wang, J., Liu, W., Yuan, H., Jantunen, L. & Li, Y.-F. 2012. Residues of currently and never used organochlorine pesticides in agricultural soils from Zhejiang Province, China. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 60, 29822988.
Zhang, G., Chakraborty, P., Li, J., Sampathkumar, P., Balasubramanian, T., Kathiresan, K., Takahashi, S., Subramanian, A., Tanabe, S. & Jones, K. C. 2008. Passive atmospheric sampling of organochlorine pesticides, polychlorinated biphenyls, and polybrominated diphenyl ethers in urban, rural, and wetland sites along the coastal length of India. Environmental Science & Technology 42, 82188223.
Zhang, H., Luo, Y., Zhao, Q., Wong, M. & Zhang, G. 2006. Residues of organochlorine pesticides in Hong Kong soils. Chemosphere 63, 633641.

Keywords

Type Description Title
WORD
Supplementary materials

Tang et al. supplementary material
Table S1

 Word (24 KB)
24 KB

Occurrence and possible sources of organochlorine pesticides in soils of Ningbo, East China

  • Jianfeng TANG (a1) (a2), Jiayong FENG (a3), Gang LI (a1) (a2), Mengqi LIANG (a2), Ruijie WANG (a1) (a2) and Chao CAI (a1)...

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed