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Geochemical, Sr and Nd isotopic characteristics and tectonic implications for three stages of igneous rock in the Late Yanshanian (Cretaceous) orogeny, SE China

  • Cheng-Hong Chen (a1), Wayne Lin (a2), Ching-Ying Lan (a3) and Chi-Yu Lee (a4)

Abstract

Late Yanshanian magmatism in SE China includes three stages of thermal event induced by the interaction between the continental margin of Eurasia and the paleo-Pacific plate during the Cretaceous period. Products of syn-orogenic magmatism (130–110 Ma) include high-Al gabbros (HAG), and gneissic tonalite, trondhjemite and granodiorite (TTG), which intruded into the deep basement (18–24 km). Rocks of the post- and an-orogenic magmatism are shallow-level (6–8 km) I-type granitoids (110–99 Ma), and miarolitic A-type granites plus rhyolite-dominate bimodal volcanics (94–81 Ma), respectively. Geochemically, HAG and TTG belong to the medium-K calc-alkaline affinity with high Sr/Y, whereas other granitoids are mainly high-K calc-alkaline to shoshonitic rocks with low Sr/Y. Sr and Nd isotope compositions suggest different sources of HAG and TTG from other rocks. Progressive depletions of Ba, Sr, Eu and P from I- to A-type granites reflect partial melting of felsic granulites from hydrous to dry conditions, whereas high Sr/Y in HAG and TTG are compatible with dehydration melting of amphibolites. Tectonic models which accommodate HAG and TTG may involve thickening of the lithosphere to convert the pre-existing lower-crust basic rocks into amphibolites. It was followed by basaltic underplating which is attributed to delamination of the thickened lithosphere and led to triggering of crust melting under exten

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Keywords

Geochemical, Sr and Nd isotopic characteristics and tectonic implications for three stages of igneous rock in the Late Yanshanian (Cretaceous) orogeny, SE China

  • Cheng-Hong Chen (a1), Wayne Lin (a2), Ching-Ying Lan (a3) and Chi-Yu Lee (a4)

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