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Instructions for authors

Updated June 2021

Preparation of Manuscript


All manuscripts must be submitted online electronically via ScholarOne.

Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness (DMPHP) will send various author correspondence emails with deadlines pertaining to manuscript review and processing. Please email the journal at if you have any questions or concerns as missed deadlines may jeopardize timely processing of your manuscript or result in termination of the review or publication process.

The DMPHP does use plagiarism software to monitor authenticity and originality of submissions.

When you are ready to submit your manuscript, feel free to refer to this manuscript checklist for submitting authors to verify the thoroughness of your submission. We encourage you to carefully read these instructions to adhere to each specific aspect that pertains to your submission as failure to follow will delay the review process and may lead to rejection. Please note that it is a requirement that submitting authors upload a signed License-to-Publish Form with their original submission. This step does not guarantee acceptance of your manuscript.


Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness (DMPHP) seeks articles relevant to:

  • Disaster Medicine: Mitigation, Preparedness, Response and Recovery
  • Disaster Risk Reduction
  • Mass Gathering Medicine
  • Population, Public and Crisis Health
  • Search & Rescue

To provide a global representation of the body of knowledge emerging to define this international field, we seek studies from experts, academics and researchers worldwide and from all disciplines and specialties represented:

  • Incident Command System, First Responders
  • Clinical Medicine Providers, Allied Health Professionals
  • Epidemiologists, Medical Ethicists, Health Authorities
  • Government Officials, Legislators, Policy Analysts, Think Tanks
  • Non-Government Agencies, Disaster Risk Reduction Institutes

Types of Articles

Special Editions 

The Editor may announce a call to solicit manuscripts for consideration for a special edition for a specific topic, in the midst of or just after an incident or public health emergency. This may also include a process for rapid review for on-line publication ahead of release of a formal conventional or electronic journal edition.

Original Research

Original studies of basic, clinical, quantitative (including epidemiologic and population based), or qualitative investigations in areas relevant to disaster medicine and public health. References and a structured abstract (see Preparation of Manuscript) are required. Maximum length: 4000 words, 7 tables and/or figures, plus the abstract and references. A statement of IRB approval or exemption from full review is required. Additionally, a list defining each author's contribution to the manuscript is required (see Preparation of Manuscript).

Please utilize these formal reporting guidelines that have been developed for:

  1. Clinical Guidelines 
    Shiffman RN, Shekelle P, Overhage JM, Slutsky J, Grimshaw J, Deshpande AM. Standardized reporting of clinical practice guidelines: a proposal from the Conference on Guideline Standardization. Ann Intern Med. 2003; 139(6):493-498. doi:10.7326/0003-4819-139-6-200309160-00013

  2. Diagnostic test studies (STARD)
    STARD 2015 guidelines for reporting diagnostic accuracy studies: explanation and elaboration https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.go...

  3. Meta-analyses of observational studies (MOOSE)
    Stroup DF, Berlin JA, Morton SC et al. Meta-analysis of observational studies in epidemiology: a proposal for reporting. Meta-analysis Of Observational Studies in Epidemiology (MOOSE) group. JAMA 2000;283:2008–12. doi:10.1001/jama.283.15.2008

  4. Meta-analysis of RCTs (QUOROM)
    Moher D, Cook DJ, Eastwood S et al. Improving the quality of reports of meta-analyses of randomised controlled trials: the QUOROM statement. Quality of Reporting of Meta-analyses. The Lancet 1999; 354:1896–900. doi: 10.1016/s0140-6736(99)04149-5.

  5. Observational studies (STROBE)
    STROBE Statement: Strengthening the reporting of observational studies in epidemiology.
  6. Ghaferi AA, Schwartz TA, Pawlik TM. STROBE Reporting Guidelines for Observational Studies [published online ahead of print, 2021 Apr 7]. JAMA Surg. 2021;10.1001/jamasurg.2021.0528. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2021.0528

  7. Qualitative research (COREQ)
    Allison Tong, Peter Sainsbury, Jonathan Craig, Consolidated criteria for reporting qualitative research (COREQ): a 32-item checklist for interviews and focus groups, International Journal for Quality in Health Care, Volume 19, Issue 6, December 2007, Pages 349–357,

  8. Randomized controlled trials (CONSORT) 
    Moher D, Schulz KF, Altman D. The CONSORT statement: revised recommendations for improving the quality of reports of parallel-group randomized trials. JAMA 2001;285:1987–91. 

    Moher D, Jones A, Lepage L. Use of the CONSORT Statement and quality of reports of randomized trials. A comparative before-and-after evaluation. JAMA 2001;285:1992–5.

  9. Survey Research
  10. Kelley K, Clark B, Brown V, Sitzia J. Good practice in the conduct and reporting of survey research. Int J Qual Health Care. 2003 Jun;15(3):261-6. PMID: 12803354.
  12. AND
  13. Stratton SJ. Assessing the accuracy of survey research. Prehosp Disaster Med. 2015 Jun;30(3):225-6. Epub 2015 May 8. PMID: 25997500.

Brief Report

Original reports of pilot study data, analysis of drills and exercises, or data and information from studies with small numbers that demonstrate the need for further investigation. References and a structured abstract should be included. Maximum length: 2000 words, 10 references, 2 tables and/or figures. A statement of IRB approval or exemption from full review is required. Additionally, a list defining each author's contribution to the manuscript is required (see Preparation of Manuscript)

Research Letters

Research Letters should be a brief but comprehensive report of original research. No more than 1,000 words of text and 10 references, along with a maximum of up to 2 tables or figures.

 Supplementary material should be included only where absolutely necessary and should not contain any additional data or results.

 Research Letters may have no more than 7 authors. The text should include the full name, academic degrees, and a single institutional affiliation for each author and the email address for the corresponding author. Other persons who have contributed to the study may be indicated in an Acknowledgment, with their permission, including their academic degrees, affiliation, contribution to the study.

Research Letters must not duplicate other published content or manuscripts already submitted.

Research Letters should contain the following sections: Title Page to include author contributions and word count,  Introduction, Methods, Results, and Discussion. It is not necessary to include an abstract but all the guidelines for style as outlined in our Instructions to Authors should be followed. All submitted Research Letters will be subject to peer-review.


Original research that describes clinical and non-clinical problems and solutions: novel approaches to any aspect of the disaster cycle; ''how-to'' articles. A 150 word narrative abstract, introduction, discussion, limitation, and conclusion is required. Maximum length: 4000 words, 7 tables and/or figures, plus the abstract and references. A statement of IRB approval or exemption from full review is required. Additionally, a list defining each author's contribution to the manuscript is required (see Preparation of Manuscript)

Systematic Literature and Scoping Reviews

To answer a question through original extensive reviews of the literature on a narrow topic: Please be familiar with the difference between a systematic literature review and a scoping review.

Articles should comply with PRISMA checklist for a formal systematic literature review.

Articles should comply with PRISMA-ScR checklist for a formal systematic literature review.

References must include, but need not be limited to, the past 3 years of the literature. References and a 200 word structured abstract (see Preparation of Manuscript) are required. Maximum length: 4000 words, 7 tables and/or figures. Additionally, a list defining each author's contribution to the manuscript is required (see Preparation of Manuscript).  

Reports from the Field

Original descriptions of actual disaster events: drills and exercises will not be accepted. Entities that have been reported in the past in peer-review literature will not be considered, and those reported in government or non-government organization literature or in a foreign language literature must be extremely important or pertinent to be considered. Reports should contain an abstract, introduction, narrative, and a discussion focusing on the implications of the event reported. Sufficient data and description should be provided to support the analysis, implications with recommendation for future study. They should not contain a full review of the literature and the introduction should be brief with the narrative and discussion occupying the majority of the manuscript. A 150 word narrative abstract is required. Maximum length: 1500 words, no more than 15 references, and 1 table or figure. Additionally, a list defining each author's contribution to the manuscript is required (see Preparation of Manuscript).

Policy Analysis

This is an opportunity for scholarly comments or opinions on major current problems of Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness to include controversial matters with significant implications for Disaster Medicine or Public Health Preparedness. A 150 word narrative abstract is required. Maximum length: 1500 words plus references and 1 table or figure. Additionally, a list defining each author's contribution to the manuscript is required (see Preparation of Manuscript).

Letter to Editors

We encourage discussion observations, opinions, corrections, and comments on topics appearing in Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness. An abstract is not required. Maximum length: 500 words, plus no more than 5 references. If responding to a specific article, manuscripts should be received within 6 weeks of the article's publication. Additionally, a list defining each author's contribution to the manuscript is required (see Preparation of Manuscript).

Responder Tools

Practical learning tools, factsheets, guidelines, or case study recommendations intended for first responders, first receivers, and other personnel involved in disasters and public health emergencies: A ''tear out'' sheet that may be used for just-in-time learning or as an educational supplement. In a cover letter, identify the target learning audience and disclose any efforts to evaluate or validate the tool. Maximum length: 2 pages with tables and figures. Proprietary or copyrighted items that cannot be used freely by readers and their agencies/organizations will not be accepted in this section. A statement of IRB approval or exemption from full review is required. Additionally, a list defining each author's contribution to the manuscript is required (see Preparation of Manuscript). 

Ethical/Legal Considerations

A submitted manuscript must be an original contribution not previously published (except as an abstract or a preliminary report), must not be under consideration for publication elsewhere, and, if accepted, must not be published elsewhere, in full or in part,, in any language, without the consent of the Society for Disaster Medicine and Public Health. The final version of the article published in DMP is considered the Version of Record (VoR). Each person listed as an author is expected to have participated in the study to a significant extent. Authorship, and order of authors, should be agreed upon prior to initial submission. Additions or deletions to lists of authors during the peer review process or after acceptance will need to be approved by the Journal Editorial office, and a Change of Authorship Form completed by ALL authors. Only an author can request to have his or her name removed from a manuscript once submitted. Although the editors and referees make every effort to ensure the validity of published manuscripts, the final responsibility rests with the authors, not with the journal, its editors, or the publisher. All manuscripts must be submitted online through the journal's ScholarOne peer review system

Institutional or Ethics Review Board

All manuscripts with patient subjects require submission to an IRB to receive IRB approval or to receive IRB exemption. The details of this approval are to be included at the end of the Methodology Section, this should include any file number of the request and approval, the exact name of the IRB committee and other information that is retrievable upon request by the editors. A statement that “the hospital IRB approved the study” or similar will be returned to the authors for further details. 

The specific law or regulation from the country of the study that the author(s) believes precludes submission to an institutional review board for ethical approval is required for the editors to determine the validity of the decision that the study is exempt and does not require submission.

The most prudent approach is to submit the study to the appropriate institutional review board for exemption and then include this file number in the ethical approval discussion in the manuscript.

Patient or study subject anonymity and Informed Consent

It is the author's responsibility to ensure that a patient's or study participants' anonymity be carefully protected and to verify that any experimental investigation with human subjects reported in the manuscript was performed with informed consent and following all of the ethical guidelines for experimental investigation with human subjects required by the institution(s) with which all of the authors are affiliated.

Consent is a process where each subject understands their role in the study.

Author(s) are required to discuss the consent process: that anonymity and confidentiality of patients and study subjects were assured; that the data was secure; and that study subjects were aware that their participation was voluntary and they could withdraw from the study at any time without penalty or fear of retribution. This consent process should be acknowledged by study subjects in writing or via computer. The consent process should be available for the editors to review as part of the manuscript.

Authors should mask patients' eyes and remove patients' names from figures unless they obtain written consent from the patients and submit written consent with the manuscript. 

Protection of Human Subjects and Animals in Research

When reporting experiments on human subjects, authors must confirm that the procedures followed were in accordance with the ethical standards of the responsible committee on human experimentation (institutional and national) and with the Helsinki Declaration, as revised in 2004. If doubt exists whether the research was conducted in accordance with the Helsinki Declaration, the authors must explain the rationale for their approach and demonstrate that the institutional review body explicitly approved the doubtful aspects of the study. When reporting experiments on animals, authors must confirm that institutional and national guides for the care and use of laboratory animals were followed.

Compliance with NIH and Other Research Funding Agency Accessibility Requirements

A number of research funding agencies now require or request authors to submit the postprint (the article after peer review and acceptance but not the final published article) to a repository that is accessible online by all without charge. Cambridge University Press, on behalf of the journal, is in full compliance with all accessibility requirements.

Author Publishing Agreements

All authors must sign a copy of the journal's Author Publishing Agreement (License to Publish) forms and submit it at the time of manuscript submission.


Authors must submit written permission from the copyright owner (usually the publisher) to use direct quotations, tables, or illustrations that have appeared in copyrighted form elsewhere, along with complete details about the source. Any permissions fees that might be required by the copyright owner are the responsibility of the authors requesting use of the borrowed material, not the responsibility of Cambridge University Press, or the Society for Disaster Medicine and Public Health, who hold copyright to the Journal.

Preparation of Manuscript

Manuscript Submission 

All manuscripts must be submitted online through the Journal's ScholarOne peer review system.  On successful registration, you will be sent an e-mail indicating your login and password. Save a copy of this information for future reference. Note: If you have received e-mail from the Journal with an assigned login and password, or if you are a repeat user, do not register again. Once you have a login and password, you do not have to re-register, even if your status changes (i.e. author, reviewer, or editor). Please maintain only one account, if you determine that you have more than one account please inform the managing editor of the exact email that you are to use and your email address(es) that are no longer valid. 

Authors: After logging in, click the ''Click HERE to Submit a Manuscript'' link on the right side of the screen. Submit your manuscript according to the author instructions. A manuscript number will be assigned to each manuscript once it has been completely submitted, and that number will be used in all correspondence. The expected time needed to review each submission is generally 30 days regardless of special edition or other projects. Each manuscript should designate 1 corresponding author. Decisions on acceptance, revision or rejection of a manuscript will be communicated to the corresponding author and coauthors via e-mail. Authors must disclose any potential financial or ethical conflict of interest regarding the contents of the submission. You will be able to track the progress of your manuscript through the system.

Manuscripts that do not adhere to these Instructions for Authors will be returned to the corresponding author for revision before undergoing peer review. The Journal recommends that authors have their manuscripts edited by an English language native speaker or preferably by an English medical writer before submission. See here for English language services recommended by Cambridge University Press.

Please use single space Times New Roman 12 font. Section titles are to be in Bold, Underlined and Capitalized. Section headings are to be BOLD CAPITALIZED not in italics.

When you are ready to submit your manuscript, feel free to refer to the manuscript checklist for submitting authors to verify the thoroughness of your submission.

Title Page

Include all identifying author information on a Title Page

Include on the title page (a) complete manuscript title; (b) authors' full names, highest academic degrees, and affiliations; (c) name and address for correspondence, including fax number, telephone number, and e-mail address; (d) any footnotes to these items; (e) a short running title not exceeding 45 letters and spaces; (f) sources of support that require acknowledgment; and (g) word count of the main text, not including abstract and references; (h) a list defining each author's contribution to the manuscript.

The Title Page should be the first page of the manuscript and should not be separate from the main body of the manuscript.

List all Abbreviations

For a list of standard abbreviations, consult the Council of Biology Editors Style Guide (available from the Council of Science Editors, Drohan Management Group, 12100 Sunset Hills Road, Suite 130, Reston, VA 20190) or other standard sources. Write out the full term for each abbreviation at its first use unless it is a standard unit of measure; include the abbreviation or acronym in parentheses after the first mention such as the National Instant Check System (NCIS). Please provide a list of all abbreviations used in the manuscript after the abstract of the Manuscript Text File.


ATLS: Advanced Trauma Life Support 

MCI: Mass Casualty Incident 

NCIS: National Instant Check System

SALT: Sort, Assess, Life-saving Intervention, Treatment and/or Transport

Structured Abstract

This should be included at the start of the Manuscript Text File.

Original Research, Brief Reports and Systematic Literature or Scoping Reviews

Organize the abstract in a structured format with the headings: Objective, Methods, Results, and Conclusions. Abstracts should not be structured for other types of articles. This should be included at the start of the Manuscript Text File.

Limit the abstract to 200 words. It must be factual and comprehensive. Limit the use of abbreviations and acronyms, and avoid general statements (e.g., the significance of the results is discussed).

Narrative Abstract

This should be included at the start of the Manuscript Text File.

Concepts, Reports from the Field and Policy Analysis

Limit the abstract to 150 words. It must be factual and comprehensive. Limit the use of abbreviations and acronyms, and avoid general statements (e.g., the significance of the results is discussed). Abstracts should not be structured for other types of articles.



Include in Manuscript Text File List 3-5 keywords or phrases for indexing following the Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) thesaurus.

Other Acknowledgements

If a brand name is cited, supply the manufacturer's name and address (city and state/country).

Use ® for registered trademark, © for copyright and ™ for trademark appropriately.

Acknowledge all forms of support, including pharmaceutical and industry support, in an Acknowledgment paragraph. This should follow the abbreviations on a separate page.

Author Language Services 

We suggest that authors whose first language is not English have their manuscripts checked by a native English speaker before submission. This is optional but will help to ensure that any submissions that reach peer review can be judged exclusively on academic merit. We offer a Cambridge service which you can find out more about here, and suggest that authors make contact as appropriate. Please note that use of language editing services is voluntary and at the author’s own expense. Use of these services does not guarantee that the manuscript will be accepted for publication nor does it restrict the author to submitting to a Cambridge-published journal.

Manuscript Text

For Original Research, Brief Report, Systematic Literature Review and Concepts if appropriate: Organize the manuscript into 6 main headings: Introduction, Methods, Results, Limitations, Discussion, and Conclusions.

For Concepts if appropriate, Reports from the Field, Policy Analysis, Letters to the Editor: Organize the manuscript into 3 main headings: Introduction, Discussion, and Conclusions. 

Please do not write in the first person as this point of view is often used in personal narrative - when the writer is telling a story or relating an experience. This perspective is the writer's point of view, and the writer becomes the focal point. First person personal pronouns include I, we, me, us, my, mine, our, and ours ( consider writing "this study" instead. 

Please do not write "he/she", instead write "they".


The authors are responsible for the accuracy of the references. A reference must be easily retrieved or available, in English and specifically pertain to the text assigned to the citation. Key the references (single-spaced) at the end of the manuscript. Cite the references in the text in the order of appearance. Use superscript numerals for text citations for example Jenkins1 surveyed first responders in Philadelphia for their awareness of health literacy issues.1

Reference are to follow the AMA reference style and please be sure to set this when using a reference management software program (EndNote, Zotero, Mendeley, etc.)

Cite unpublished data—such as papers submitted but not yet accepted for publication and personal communications, including e-mail communications—in parentheses in the text. If there are more than 3 authors, name only the first 3 authors and then use et al. Refer to the 

List of Journals Indexed in Index Medicus for abbreviations of journal names.

For internet sources—whether websites, online journals, other journal articles accessed online, online newsletters, or other web materials—be sure to include the ''date accessed'' information as shown below under the ''World Wide Web'' example. Also, the National Library of Medicine recommends that authors retain a hard copy of the information accessed online for their own reference or in case of questions that may arise later.


Please upload figures as separate documents from the manuscript. Due to space limitations, there is a limit of 4 figures per article. Digital art should be created/scanned and saved and submitted as a TIFF (tagged image file format), an EPS (encapsulated postscript) file, or a PPT (PowerPoint) file. Electronic photographs—radiographs, CT scans, and so on—and scanned images must have a resolution of at least 300 dpi (dots per inch). Line art must have a resolution of at least 1200 dpi. If fonts are used in the artwork, they must be converted to paths or outlines or they must be embedded in the files. Color images must be created/scanned and saved and submitted as CMYK files. If you do not have the capability to create CMYK files, please disregard this step. Indicate in your cover letter that you are unable to produce CMYK files. Cite figures consecutively in the text, and number them in the order in which they are discussed.

Cover photographs

The journal seeks photographs that capture the essence of what the disaster medicine community does—prepare for and respond to catastrophic events. Selected photos, such as the Astrodome photo featured on the Journal's premiere issue, will appear on the Journal's cover. Before submitting photos, read these guidelines:

  • Photos must be previously unpublished. Preference will be given to photos taken on-site by a health services provider responding to an event. Other images relating to disaster medicine will be considered, however.
  • Photos should be submitted in an electronic file at 300 dpi resolution; either color or black and white is acceptable.
  • All photos submitted require written permission/ acknowledgment (model release) from photo subjects to allow use of their images by DMPHP editorial and promotions.
  • All submissions will be reviewed by the editors. Photos accepted by the editors will be featured on future covers of DMPHP.

Tables and Online Data Supplements


Please upload tables as separate documents from the manuscript. Due to space limitations, there is a limit of 4 tables per article, but see also the section below on Online Data Supplements. Create tables using the table creating and editing feature of the word processing software (ie, Microsoft Word). Do not use Excel or comparable spreadsheet programs. Cite tables consecutively in the text, and number them in that order. Key each on a separate sheet, and include the table title, appropriate column heads, and explanatory legends (including definitions of any abbreviations used). Tables should be self-explanatory and should supplement, rather than duplicate, the material in the text. Do not embed tables within the body of the manuscript.

Online Data Supplements

Online Data Supplements are encouraged as an enhancement to the Methods section. This optional section provides an opportunity to present supporting materials to the manuscript. Please note that all data supplements undergo peer review and must be submitted with the original manuscript at initial submission. Online Data Supplements can consist of the following:

  • Expanded methods and results
  • Additional figures
  • Additional tables
  • Video files

If citations are made in an Online Data Supplement, the supplement must contain its own reference section, with references numbered sequentially beginning with the number 1. File size should be 10MB or less.

  • Pattern manuscript style after the American Medical Association Manual of Style (11th edition). 
  • Stedman's Medical Dictionary (28th edition) and Merriam Webster's Collegiate Dictionary (11th edition) should be used as standard references.
  • Refer to drugs and therapeutic agents by their accepted generic or chemical names, and do not abbreviate them. 
  • Use code numbers only when a generic name is not yet available. In that case, supply the chemical name and a figure giving the chemical structure of the drug. 
  • Capitalize the trade names of drugs and place them in parentheses after the generic names. To comply with trademark law, include the name and (city and state in USA; city and country outside USA) of the manufacturer of any drug, supply, or equipment mentioned in the manuscript. 
  • Use the metric system to express units of measure and degrees Celsius to express temperatures, and use SI units rather than conventional units.

Peer Review

First and foremost this is a collaborative partnership to achieve the objectives of the journal and the authors with respect to scientific writing.  

Upon electronic receipt the manuscript will be reviewed for:

  • Compliance with the DMPHP Scope; a manuscript maybe rejected with an explanation to seek a more appropriate journal
  • Compliance with the submitted “Type of Article” category; a manuscript maybe returned to the authors with a recommendation to submit to a more appropriate DMPHP article category.
  • Compliance with the Instructions for Authors; an article maybe rejected or returned to the authors to comply.
  • Grammar and spelling; an article maybe rejected or returned to the authors with a recommendation to seek professional English medical writing assistance before further review.

The Managing Editor or Editor-in Chief will assign an appropriate manuscript to a Deputy Editor for an initial review who will assign the manuscript to an Associate Editor to supervise the review process. 

Each submitted manuscript (except a Letter to the Editor) is reviewed by a minimum of 2 peer reviewers this may be any combination of reviewers from the DMPHP panel, Associate or Deputy Editor. A Letter to the Editor will be reviewed at the discretion of the Editors.

If warranted, the submission will also be sent for statistical review.

The Associate Editor will complete their review and forward this to the Deputy Editor for a consensus review. The Deputy Editor will notify the corresponding author of this consensus decision.

If the Associate Editor and Deputy Editor do not reach consensus then the Editor-in-Chief,  another Deputy Editor or member of the Editorial Board will be the arbiter to bring the review to consensus. Then the Deputy Editor will notify the corresponding author of this decision.

  • Reject: with an explanation if appropriate
  • Revise:
    • To remain as the submitted Type of Article
    • As another Type of Article with explanation
    • Note that acceptance is not guaranteed depending on the progress of the revisions, as the editorial process with subsequent revisions may not meet the burden of acceptance.
  • Accept:
    • With reviewer comments, or, explanations to enhance the manuscript to meet the burden of acceptance
    • The review process and revisions may continue depending on the progress of the revisions with continued attention by the Editors and reviewers
  • Accept production files needed (final acceptance)

This process will repeat until Accept-production files needed or rejection.

The author may suggest names of three potential reviewers and the identities of peer reviewers are kept confidential.

After Acceptance

Page Proofs and Corrections

Articles are edited in acceptance date order, and corresponding authors will receive electronic page proofs of the complete typeset article before publication. Portable document format (PDF) files of the typeset pages and support documents (eg, reprint order form) will be sent to the corresponding author by e-mail. Complete instructions will be provided with the e-mail for answering copy editor queries and returning corrections to the publisher within 24 hours.

It is the author's responsibility to ensure that there are no errors in the proofs. Changes that have been made to conform to journal style will stand if they do not alter the authors' meaning. Only the most critical changes to the accuracy of the content will be made. Changes that are stylistic or are a reworking of previously accepted material will be disallowed. Figure modification or replacement and major rewrites will be returned to the scientific editor, and possibly sent to peer review again. The publisher reserves the right to deny any changes that do not affect the accuracy of the content. Authors may be charged for alterations to the proofs beyond those required to correct errors or to answer queries.

Embargo Policy

All information regarding the content and publication date of the accepted manuscripts is confidential. Information about or contained in accepted articles cannot appear in any media outlet (print, broadcast, or electronic) until the date specified for that article by the publisher.

Publishing your article as Gold Open Access

You will have the option to publish your article as Gold Open Access, enabling the final published version to be made freely available under a Creative Commons license. You might be required to pay an Article Processing Charge (APC) for Gold Open Access. You may be eligible for a waiver or discount, for example if your institution is part of a Read and Publish sales agreement with Cambridge University Press. For more information about your Open Access options, please see here. For more information about the benefits of choosing to publish Open Access, see here.