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Nontechnical Competency Framework for Health Professionals in All-Hazard Emergency Environment: A Systematic Review

  • Xuejun Hu (a1), Changnan He (a2), Huoliang Chen (a1), Shu Liu (a3), Wenqiang Li (a3), Zhou Lu (a1), Jieqiong Zhang (a1) and Min Yu (a3)...

Abstract

Objectives:

To summarize characteristics and commonalities of non-technical competency frameworks for health professionals in emergency and disaster.

Methods:

An electronic literature search was conducted in PubMed, MEDLINE, ERIC, Scopus, Cochrane database, and Google Scholar to identify original English-language articles related to development, evaluation or application of the nontechnical competency frameworks. Reviewers assessed identified articles for exclusion/inclusion criteria and abstracted data on study design, framework characteristics, and reliability/validity evidence.

Results:

Of the 9627 abstracts screened, 65 frameworks were identified from 94 studies that were eligible for result extraction. Sixty (63.8%) studies concentrated on clinical settings. Common scenarios of the studies were acute critical events in hospitals (44;46.8%) and nonspecified disasters (39;41.5%). Most of the participants (76; 80.9%) were clinical practitioners, and participants in 36 (38.3%) studies were multispecialty. Thirty-three (50.8%) and 42 (64.6%) frameworks had not reported evidence on reliability and validity, respectively. Fourteen of the most commonly involved domains were identified from the frameworks.

Conclusions:

Nontechnical competency frameworks applied to multidisciplinary emergency health professionals are heterogeneous in construct and application. A fundamental framework with standardized terminology for the articulation of competency should be developed and validated so as to be accepted and adapted universally by health professionals in all-hazard emergency environment.

Copyright

Corresponding author

Correspondence and reprint requests to Min Yu, No. 27 Taiping Road, Beijing, China100850 (e-mail: yumin@bmi.ac.cn).

References

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Nontechnical Competency Framework for Health Professionals in All-Hazard Emergency Environment: A Systematic Review

  • Xuejun Hu (a1), Changnan He (a2), Huoliang Chen (a1), Shu Liu (a3), Wenqiang Li (a3), Zhou Lu (a1), Jieqiong Zhang (a1) and Min Yu (a3)...

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