Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Health System Response and Adaptation to the Largest Sandstorm in the Middle East

Abstract

The State of Qatar experienced a sandstorm on the night of April 1, 2015, lasting approximately 12 hours, with winds of more than 100 km/h and average particulate matter of approximately 10 μm in diameter. The emergency department (ED) of the main tertiary hospital in Qatar managed 62% of the total emergency calls and those of higher triage order. The peak load of patients during the event manifested approximately 6 hours after the onset. The Major Emergency Command Centre of the hospital ensured the department was maximally organized in terms of disaster management, and established protocols were brought into action. Multiple timely meetings were convened in efforts to effectively execute plans that included rapid emergency medical services handover time, resourcing staff, maximizing bed space, preventing dust entry in the ED, bypassing certain administrative processes, canceling day-surgeries that did not affect inpatient morbidity, and procuring additional respiratory equipment. Patients arrived mainly with exacerbations of asthma and respiratory distress, ophthalmic emergencies, and vehicular trauma; surprisingly, the incidence of pedestrian injuries did not vary. (Disaster Med Public Health Preparedness. 2017;11:227–238)

Copyright

Corresponding author

Correspondence and reprint requests to Zain A. Bhutta, MBBS, Department of Emergency Medicine, Hamad General Hospital, Hamad Medical Corporation, Bin Omran, Off Al-Rayyan Road, PO Box 3050, Doha, Qatar (e-mail: ZBhutta@hamad.qa).

References

Hide All
1. Gupta, P, Singh, S, Kumar, S, et al. Effect of dust aerosol in patients with asthma. J Asthma Off J Assoc Care Asthma. 2012;49(2):134-138. http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/02770903.2011.645180.
2. Graveris, HA. Desert Enviromental Handbook. Yuma, Arizona: Yuma Proving Ground; 1977.
3. Avduevskij, VS, Kuznecov, VA. Reliability and Effectiveness in the Technology.Handbook. Vol 10. Moscow: Machinostroenie; 1990.
4. Dobrzhinsky, N. Characterization of desert road dust aerosol from provinces of Afghanistan and Iraq. Aerosol Air Qual Res. 2012;12(6):1209-1216. http://www.aaqr.org/Doi.php?id=17_AAQR-12-05-OA-0112&v=12&i=6&m=12&y=2012. 10.4209/aaqr.2012.05.0112. Accessed June 20, 2015.
5. Kearns, RD, Conlon, KM, Valenta, AL, et al. Disaster planning: the basics of creating a burn mass casualty disaster plan for a burn center. J Burn Care Res. 2014;35(1):e1-e13. http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/BCR.0b013e31829afe25.
6. Stander, M, Wallis, LA, Smith, WP. Hospital disaster planning in the Western cape, South Africa. Prehosp Disaster Med. 2011;26(4):283-288. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1049023X11006571.
7. Eastman, AL, Rinnert, KJ, Nemeth, IR, et al. Alternate site surge capacity in times of public health disaster maintains trauma center and emergency department integrity: hurricane Katrina. J Trauma. 2007;63(2):253-257. http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/TA.0b013e3180d0a70e.
8. Kaji, AH, Langford, V, Lewis, RJ. Assessing hospital disaster preparedness: a comparison of an on-site survey, directly observed drill performance, and video analysis of teamwork. Ann Emerg Med. 2008;52(3):195-201, 201.e1–12. 10.1016/j.annemergmed.2007.10.026.
9. Little, M, Cooper, J, Gope, M, et al. “Lessons learned”: a comparative case study analysis of an emergency department response to two burns disasters. Emerg Med Australas EMA. 2012;24(4):420-429. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1742-6723.2012.01578.x.

Keywords

Health System Response and Adaptation to the Largest Sandstorm in the Middle East

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed