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Application and Prospect of a Mobile Hospital in Disaster Response

  • Xinlin Chen (a1), Lu Lu (a1), Jie Shi (a1), Xin Zhang (a1), Haojun Fan (a1), Bin Fan (a1), Bo Qu (a1), Qi Lv (a1) and Shike Hou (a1)...

Abstract

Disasters such as an earthquake, a flood, and an epidemic usually lead to large numbers of casualties accompanied by disruption of the functioning of local medical institutions. A rapid response of medical assistance and support is required. Mobile hospitals have been deployed by national and international organizations at disaster situations in the past decades, which play an important role in saving casualties and alleviating the shortage of medical resources. In this paper, we briefly introduce the types and characteristics of mobile hospitals used by medical teams in disaster rescue, including the aspects of structural form, organizational form, and mobile transportation. We also review the practices of mobile hospitals in disaster response and summarize the problems and needs of mobile hospitals in disaster rescue. Finally, we propose the development direction of mobile hospitals, especially on the development of intelligence, rapid deployment capabilities, and modularization, which provide suggestions for further research and development of mobile hospitals in the future.

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Copyright

This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution licence (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Corresponding author

Correspondence and reprint requests to Shike Hou or Qi Lv, Institute of Disaster Medicine, Tianjin University, No. 92 Weijin Road, Nankai District, Tianjin, PR China 300072 (e-mail: housk86@163.com or lvqi68@163.com).

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Keywords

Application and Prospect of a Mobile Hospital in Disaster Response

  • Xinlin Chen (a1), Lu Lu (a1), Jie Shi (a1), Xin Zhang (a1), Haojun Fan (a1), Bin Fan (a1), Bo Qu (a1), Qi Lv (a1) and Shike Hou (a1)...

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