Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
Hostname: page-component-559fc8cf4f-xbbwl Total loading time: 0.429 Render date: 2021-03-05T01:22:04.086Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "shouldUseShareProductTool": true, "shouldUseHypothesis": true, "isUnsiloEnabled": true, "metricsAbstractViews": false, "figures": false, "newCiteModal": false, "newCitedByModal": true }

Rumor-Related and Exclusive Behavior Coverage in Internet News Reports Following the 2009 H1N1 Influenza Outbreak in Japan

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  17 July 2015

Jun Shigemura
Affiliation:
Department of Psychiatry, National Defense Medical College, Tokorozawa, Japan
Nahoko Harada
Affiliation:
Division of Nursing, School of Medicine, National Defense Medical College, Tokorozawa, Japan, and William F. Connell School of Nursing, Boston College, Chestnut Hill, Massachusetts
Masaaki Tanichi
Affiliation:
Department of Psychiatry, National Defense Medical College, Tokorozawa, Japan Department of Psychiatry, Self-Defense Forces Central Hospital, Tokyo, Japan
Masanori Nagamine
Affiliation:
Division of Behavioral Science, National Defense Medical College Research Institute, Tokorozawa, Japan
Kunio Shimizu
Affiliation:
Division of Behavioral Science, National Defense Medical College Research Institute, Tokorozawa, Japan
Yoshiaki Katsuda
Affiliation:
Department of Social Welfare, Kansai University of Social Welfare, Ako, Japan
Shinichi Tokuno
Affiliation:
Department of Defense Medicine, National Defense Medical College, Tokorozawa, Japan
Gentaro Tsumatori
Affiliation:
Department of Defense Medicine, National Defense Medical College, Tokorozawa, Japan
Aihide Yoshino
Affiliation:
Department of Psychiatry, National Defense Medical College, Tokorozawa, Japan
Corresponding
E-mail address:

Abstract

Objective

We sought to elucidate news article reporting of adverse public psychosocial behaviors, in particular, rumor-related coverage (eg, panic, demagoguery) and exclusive behavior coverage (negative behaviors, eg, discrimination, bullying) during the 2009 influenza A (H1N1) influenza pandemic in Japan.

Methods

We examined 154 Internet news-site articles reporting adverse public psychosocial responses in the first 60 days of the outbreak. Rumor-related coverage and exclusive behavior coverage were dichotomously coded as included or not. Moreover, we assessed whether or not health information (eg, coping methods, virus toxicity information) or emphasis on information quality (eg, importance of information, cautions about overreactions) were simultaneously reported.

Results

Rumor-related coverage (n=120, 77.9%) was less likely to simultaneously report public health information (eg, toxicity information, health support information, and cautions about overreactions; P<.05). Conversely, exclusive behavior coverage (n=41, 26.6%) was more likely to report public health information (P<.05).

Conclusions

Rumor-related coverage was less likely to have accompanying public health information, whereas exclusive behavior coverage was more likely to include it. During public health crises, it is essential to understand that rumors and exclusive behaviors have adverse effects on the public and that accompanying public health information may help people take proactive coping actions. (Disaster Med Public Health Preparedness. 2015;9:459–463)

Type
Original Research
Copyright
Copyright © Society for Disaster Medicine and Public Health, Inc. 2015 

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below.

References

1. Chan, M. World now at the start of 2009 influenza pandemic. World Health Organization website. http://www.who.int/mediacentre/news/statements/2009/h1n1_pandemic_phase6_20090611/en/. Published June 11, 2009. Accessed March 1, 2015.Google Scholar
2. Reynolds, B, Quinn Crouse, S. Effective communication during an influenza pandemic: the value of using a crisis and emergency risk communication framework. Health Promot Pract. 2008;9(4 Suppl):13S-17S.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
3. Glik, DC. Risk communication for public health emergencies. Annu Rev Public Health. 2007;28:33-54.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
4. Shigemura, J, Nakamoto, K, Ursano, RJ. Responses to the outbreak of novel influenza A (H1N1) in Japan: risk communication and shimaguni konjo. Am J Disaster Med. 2009;4:133-134.Google ScholarPubMed
5. Kawaguchi, R, Miyazono, M, Noda, T, et al. Influenza (H1N1) 2009 outbreak and school closure, Osaka Prefecture, Japan. Emerg Infect Dis. 2009;15:1685.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
6. Kamigaki, T, Oshitani, H. Epidemiological characteristics and low case fatality rate of pandemic (H1N1) 2009 in Japan. PLoS Currents. 2009;1:RRN1139.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
7. Economic impact of novel influenza in the Kansai region: late May to early August, 2009 [in Japanese]. Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare website. http://www.mhlw.go.jp/bunya/kenkou/kekkaku-kansenshou04/dl/infu100428-08.pdf. Accessed May 12, 2014.Google Scholar
8. Potential damage to the travel industry. Novel influenza—a wave of cancellations [in Japanese]. The Yomiuri Shimbun. May 21, 2009:11.Google Scholar
9. Barrett, R, Brown, PJ. Stigma in the time of influenza: social and institutional responses to pandemic emergencies. J Infect Dis. 2008;197(suppl 1):S34-S37.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
10. Goodwin, R, Sun, S. Public perceptions and reactions to H7N9 in Mainland China. J Infect. 2013;67:458-462.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
11. 2013 national media contact and evaluation survey [in Japanese]. The Japan Newspaper Publishers & Editors Association website. http://www.pressnet.or.jp/adarc/data/rep/2013media/2013media.pdf. Accessed May 12, 2014.Google Scholar
12. Wada, K. Lessons learned from non-pharmaceutical public health responses to pandemic (H1N1) 2009 in Japan. Open Public Health J. 2010;3:13-19.Google Scholar
13. Mawson, AR. Understanding mass panic and other collective responses to threat and disaster. Psychiatry. 2005;68:95-113.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
14. Harada, N, Alexander, N, Olowokure, B, et al. Avian influenza A(H7N9): information-sharing through government web sites in the Western Pacific Region. Western Pac Surveill Response J. 2013;4:44-46.Google ScholarPubMed
15. Person, B, Sy, F, Holton, K, et al. Fear and stigma: the epidemic within the SARS outbreak. Emerg Infect Dis. 2004;10:358-363.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
16. Rubin, GJ, Amlôt, R, Page, L, et al. Public perceptions, anxiety, and behaviour change in relation to the swine flu outbreak: cross sectional telephone survey. BMJ. 2009;339:b2651.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
17. Bromet, EJ, Havenaar, JM. Psychological and perceived health effects of the Chernobyl disaster: a 20-year review. Health Phys. 2007;93:516-521.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Full text views reflects PDF downloads, PDFs sent to Google Drive, Dropbox and Kindle and HTML full text views.

Total number of HTML views: 20
Total number of PDF views: 155 *
View data table for this chart

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 5th March 2021. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Send article to Kindle

To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

Rumor-Related and Exclusive Behavior Coverage in Internet News Reports Following the 2009 H1N1 Influenza Outbreak in Japan
Available formats
×

Send article to Dropbox

To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

Rumor-Related and Exclusive Behavior Coverage in Internet News Reports Following the 2009 H1N1 Influenza Outbreak in Japan
Available formats
×

Send article to Google Drive

To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

Rumor-Related and Exclusive Behavior Coverage in Internet News Reports Following the 2009 H1N1 Influenza Outbreak in Japan
Available formats
×
×

Reply to: Submit a response


Your details


Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *