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The Challenge of Measuring Emergency Preparedness: Integrating Component Metrics to Build System-Level Measures for Strategic National Stockpile Operations

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  25 April 2013

Abstract

Objective

Although significant progress has been made in measuring public health emergency preparedness, system-level performance measures are lacking. This report examines a potential approach to such measures for Strategic National Stockpile (SNS) operations.

Methods

We adapted an engineering analytic technique used to assess the reliability of technological systems—failure mode and effects analysis—to assess preparedness. That technique, which includes systematic mapping of the response system and identification of possible breakdowns that affect performance, provides a path to use data from existing SNS assessment tools to estimate likely future performance of the system overall.

Results

Systems models of SNS operations were constructed and failure mode analyses were performed for each component. Linking data from existing assessments, including the technical assistance review and functional drills, to reliability assessment was demonstrated using publicly available information. The use of failure mode and effects estimates to assess overall response system reliability was demonstrated with a simple simulation example.

Conclusions

Reliability analysis appears an attractive way to integrate information from the substantial investment in detailed assessments for stockpile delivery and dispensing to provide a view of likely future response performance.(Disaster Med Public Health Preparedness. 2013;7:96-104)

Type
Original Research
Copyright
Copyright © Society for Disaster Medicine and Public Health, Inc. 2013

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References

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