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Crystal structure of quenched and in-field electroluminescent phosphors

  • G. R. Fern (a1), T. Ireland (a1), P. Harris (a1), J. Silver (a1), R. Withnall (a1), A. Salimian (a1), P. K. Santra (a2), M. Leoni (a3), A. Erko (a4), A. Lennie (a5) and C. C. Tang (a5)...

Abstract

Electroluminescent zinc sulfide doped with copper and chloride (ZnS:Cu, Cl) powder was heated to 400°C and rapidly quenched to room temperature. Comparison between the quenched and non-quenched phosphors using synchrotron radiation X-ray powder diffraction (XRPD) (λ = 0.828692 Å) and X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) was made. XRPD shows that the expected highly faulted structure is observed with excellent resolution out to 150° 2θ (or to (12 2 2) of the sphalerite phase). The quenched sample compared to the unheated sample shows a large change in peak ratios between 46.7° and 46.9°, which is thought to correspond to the wurtzite (0 0 6), (0 3 2) and sphalerite (3 3 3)/(5 1 1) peaks. Hence, a large proportion of this sphalerite diffraction is lost from the material upon rapid quenching, but not when the material is allowed to cool slowly. The Zn K-edge XAS data indicate that the crystalline structures are indistinguishable using this technique, but do give an indication that the electronic structure has altered due to changing intensity of the white line. It is noted that the blue electroluminescence (EL) emission bands are lost upon quenching: however, a large amount of total EL emission intensity is also removed, which is consistent with our findings. We report the XRPD of a working alternating-current electroluminescence device in the synchrotron X-ray beam, which exhibits a new diffraction pattern when the device is powered in an AC field even though the phosphor is fixed in the binder. Significantly, only a few crystals are required to yield the diffraction data because of the high flux X-ray source. These in panel data show multiple sharp diffraction lines spread out under the region, where capillary data show broad diffraction intensity indicating that the phosphor powder is comprised of unique crystals, each having different structures.

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Corresponding author

Email address for correspondence: George.Fern@brunel.ac.uk

References

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Bredol, M. & Dieckhoff, H. S. 2010 Materials for powder-based AC-electroluminescence. Materials 3, 13531374.
McKeag, A. H. & Steward, E. G. 1957 Effect of crystal disorder on the electroluminescence of zinc sulfide phosphors. J. Electrochem. Soc. 104, 4145.
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Silver, J., Withnall, R., Fern, G. R., Marsh, P. J., Ireland, T. G. & Salimian, A. 2006 Correlating the ACEL performance of Phosphor Powders ZnS:Cu,X (X = Cl, Br) with their charge trap characteristics. International Display Workshop, 6–8 December 2006, Otsu, Japan.
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Crystal structure of quenched and in-field electroluminescent phosphors

  • G. R. Fern (a1), T. Ireland (a1), P. Harris (a1), J. Silver (a1), R. Withnall (a1), A. Salimian (a1), P. K. Santra (a2), M. Leoni (a3), A. Erko (a4), A. Lennie (a5) and C. C. Tang (a5)...

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