Ainsworth, M. D. S., & Bell, S. M. (1970). Attachment, exploration, and separation: Illustrated by the behavior of one-year-olds in a strange situation. Child Development, 41, 49–67.
Ainsworth, M. D. S., Blehar, M. C., Waters, E., & Wall, S. N. (1978). Patterns of attachment: A psychological study of the strange situation. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.
Bailey, B. A. (2010). Partner violence during pregnancy: Prevalence, effects, screening, and management. International Journal of Women's Health, 2, 183–197.
Beijers, R., Riksen-Walraven, J. M., & de Weerth, C. (2013). Cortisol regulation in 12-month-old human infants: Associations with the infants' early history of breastfeeding and co-sleeping. Stress, 16, 267–277.
Bekinschtein, P., Cammarota, M., Katche, C., Slipczuk, L., Rossato, J. I., Goldin, A., … & Medina, J. H. (2008). BDNF is essential to promote persistence of long-term memory storage. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 105, 2711–2716.
Bergman, K., Sarkar, P., Glover, V., & O'Connor, T. G. (2008). Quality of child–parent attachment moderates the impact of antenatal stress on child fearfulness. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 49, 1089–1098.
Bergman, K., Sarkar, P., O'Connor, T. G., Modi, N., & Glover, V. (2007). Maternal stress during pregnancy predicts cognitive ability and fearfulness in infancy. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 46, 1454–1463.
Bergman, O., Westberg, L., Lichtenstein, P., Eriksson, E., & Larsson, H. (2011). Study on the possible association of brain-derived neurotrophic factor polymorphism with the developmental course of symptoms of attention deficit and hyperactivity. International Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology, 14, 1367–1376.
Bernard, K., & Dozier, M. (2010). Examining infants' cortisol responses to laboratory tasks among children varying in attachment disorganization: Stress reactivity or return to baseline? Developmental Psychology, 46, 1771.
Bogat, G. A., Martinez-Torteya, C., Levendosky, A. A., von Eye, A., & Lonstein, J. (2016). Intimate partner violence, mental health, and HPA axis functioning. Journal of Person-Oriented Research, 2, 111–122.
Boersma, G. J., Lee, R. S., Cordner, Z. A., Ewald, E. R., Purcell, R. H., Moghadam, A. A., & Tamashiro, K. L. (2014). Prenatal stress decreases Bdnf expression and increases methylation of Bdnf exon IV in rats. Epigenetics, 9, 437–447.
Braithwaite, E. C., Kundakovic, M., Ramchandani, P. G., Murphy, S. E., & Champagne, F. A. (2015). Maternal prenatal depressive symptoms predict infant NR3C1 1F and BDNF IV DNA methylation. Epigenetics, 10, 408–417.
Burke, J. G., Lee, L. C., & O'Campo, P. (2008). An exploration of maternal intimate partner violence experiences and infant general health and temperament. Maternal and Child Health Journal, 12, 172–179.
Campbell, J. C. (2002). Health consequences of intimate partner violence. Lancet, 359, 1331–1336.
Charles, P., & Perreira, K. M. (2007). Intimate partner violence during pregnancy and 1-year post-partum. Journal of Family Violence, 22, 609–619.
Chau, C. M. Y., Cepeda, I. L., Devlin, A. M., Weinberg, J., & Grunau, R. E. (2017). The Val66Met brain-derived neurotrophic factor gene variant interacts with early pain exposure to predict cortisol dysregulation in 7-year-old children born very preterm: Implications for cognition. Neuroscience, 342, 188–199.
Chen, L., Pan, H., Tuan, T. A., Teh, A. L., MacIsaac, J. L., Mah, S. M., … Buschdorf, J. P. (2015). Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) Val66Met polymorphism influences the association of the methylome with maternal anxiety and neonatal brain volumes. Development and Psychopathology, 27, 137–150.
Chen, Z. Y., Patel, P. D., Sant, G., Meng, C. X., Teng, K. K., Hempstead, B. L., & Lee, F. S. (2004). Variant brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF)(Met66) alters the intracellular trafficking and activity-dependent secretion of wild-type BDNF in neurosecretory cells and cortical neurons. Journal of Neuroscience, 24, 4401–4411.
Chu, S. Y., Goodwin, M. M., & D'Angelo, D. V. (2010). Physical violence against US women around the time of pregnancy, 2004–2007. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 38, 317–322.
Coker, A. L., Sanderson, M., & Dong, B. (2004). Partner violence during pregnancy and risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes. Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology, 18, 260–269.
Corbett, B. A., Schupp, C. W., Simon, D., Ryan, N., & Mendoza, S. (2010). Elevated cortisol during play is associated with age and social engagement in children with autism. Molecular Autism, 1, 1–13.
Davidson, R. J., Putnam, K. M., & Larson, C. L. (2000). Dysfunction in the neural circuitry of emotion regulation—A possible prelude to violence. Science, 289, 591–594.
Davis, E. P., Glynn, L. M., Schetter, C. D., Hobel, C., Chicz-Demet, A., & Sandman, C. A. (2007). Prenatal exposure to maternal depression and cortisol influences infant temperament. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 46, 737–746.
Donzella, B., Gunnar, M. R., Krueger, W. K., & Alwin, J. (2000). Cortisol and vagal tone responses to competitive challenge in preschoolers: Associations with temperament. Developmental Psychobiology, 37, 209–220.
Dougherty, L. R., Klein, D. N., Congdon, E., Canli, T., & Hayden, E. P. (2010). Interaction between 5-HTTLPR and BDNF Val66Met polymorphisms on HPA axis reactivity in preschoolers. Biological Psychology, 83, 93–100.
Egliston, K. A., McMahon, C., & Austin, M. P. (2007). Stress in pregnancy and infant HPA axis function: Conceptual and methodological issues relating to the use of salivary cortisol as an outcome measure. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 32, 1–13.
Else-Quest, N. M., Hyde, J. S., Goldsmith, H. H., & Van Hulle, C. A. (2006). Sex differences in temperament: A meta-analysis. Psychological Bulletin, 132, 33.
Enlow, M. B., Kitts, R. L., Blood, E., Bizarro, A., Hofmeister, M., & Wright, R. J. (2011). Maternal posttraumatic stress symptoms and infant emotional reactivity and emotion regulation. Infant Behavior and Development, 34, 487–503.
Fortunato, C. K. (2009 ). Patterns of adrenocortical reactivity and recovery to emotional challenges in early childhood: Relations to child temperament and parenting quality (Master's thesis, Pennsylvania State University).
Frustaci, A., Pozzi, G., Gianfagna, F., Manzoli, L., & Boccia, S. (2008). Meta-analysis of the brain-derived neurotrophic factor gene (BDNF) Val66Met polymorphism in anxiety disorders and anxiety-related personality traits. Neuropsychobiology, 58, 163–170.
Gartstein, M. A., & Rothbart, M. K. (2003). Studying infant temperament via the revised Infant Behavior Questionnaire. Infant Behavior and Development, 26, 64–86.
Gazmarian, J. A., Lazorick, S., Spitz, A. M., Ballard, T. J., Saltzman, L. E., & Marks, J. S. (1996). Prevalence of violence against women. Journal of the American Medical Association, 275, 1915–1920.
Giusti, L., Provenzi, L., Tavian, D., Missaglia, S., Butti, N., & Montirosso, R. (2017). The BDNF val66met polymorphism and individual differences in temperament in 4-month-old infants: A pilot study. Infant Behavior and Development, 47, 22–26.
Givalois, L., Naert, G., Rage, F., Ixart, G., Arancibia, S., & Tapia-Arancibia, L. (2004). A single brain-derived neurotrophic factor injection modifies hypothalamo–pituitary–adrenocortical axis activity in adult male rats. Molecular and Cellular Neuroscience, 27, 280–295.
Goldberg, S., Levitan, R., Leung, E., Masellis, M., Basile, V. S., Nemeroff, C. B., & Atkinson, L. (2003). Cortisol concentrations in 12- to 18-month-old infants: Stability over time, location, and stressor. Biological Psychiatry, 54, 719–726.
Granger, D. A., Hibel, L. C., Fortunato, C. K., & Kapelewski, C. H. (2009). Medication effects on salivary cortisol: Tactics and strategy to minimize impact in behavioral and developmental science. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 34, 1437–1448.
Granger, D. A., Weisz, J. R., McCracken, J. T., Ikeda, S. C., & Douglas, P. (1996). Reciprocal influences among adrenocortical activation, psychosocial processes, and the behavioral adjustment of clinic-referred children. Child Development, 67, 3250–3262.
Green, B. L., Goodman, L. A., Krupnick, J. L., Corcoran, C. B., Petty, R. M., Stockton, P., & Stern, N. M. (2000). Outcomes of single versus multiple trauma exposure in a screening sample. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 13, 271–286.
Grizenko, N., Fortier, M. E., Zadorozny, C., Thakur, G., Schmitz, N., Duval, R., & Joober, R. (2012). Maternal stress during pregnancy, ADHD symptomatology in children and genotype: Gene-environment interaction. Journal of the Canadian Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 21, 9.
Gunnar, M. R., Larson, M. C., Hertsgaard, L., Harris, M. L., & Brodersen, L. (1992). The stressfulness of separation among nine-month-old infants: Effects of social context variables and infant temperament. Child Development, 63, 290–303.
Gunnar, M. R., Mangelsdorf, S., Larson, M., & Hertsgaard, L. (1989). Attachment, temperament, and adrenocortical activity in infancy: A study of psychoendocrine regulation. Developmental Psychology, 25, 355.
Gunnar, M. R., Talge, N. M., & Herrera, A. (2009). Stressor paradigms in developmental studies: What does and does not work to produce mean increases in salivary control. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 34, 953–967.
Gunnar, M. R., Wenner, J. A., Thomas, K. M., Glatt, C. E., Mckenna, M. C., & Clark, A. G. (2012). The brain-derived neurotrophic factor Val66Met polymorphism moderates early deprivation effects on attention problems. Development and Psychopathology, 24, 1215–1223.
Gutteling, B. M., de Weerth, C., & Buitelaar, J. K. (2005). Prenatal stress and children's cortisol reaction to the first day of school. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 30, 541–549.
Harrykissoon, S. D., Rickert, V. I., & Wiemann, C. M. (2002). Prevalence and patterns of intimate partner violence among adolescent mothers during the postpartum period. Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, 156, 325–330.
Hayden, E. P., Klein, D. N., Dougherty, L. R., Olino, T. M., Dyson, M. W., Durbin, C. E., … Singh, S. M. (2010). The role of BDNF genotype, parental depression, and relationship discord in predicting early-emerging negative emotionality. Psychological Science, 21, 1678.
Hayes, A. F. (2013). Methodology in the social sciences: Introduction to mediation, moderation, and conditional process analysis: A regression-base approach. New York: Guilford Press.
Hertsgaard, L., Gunnar, M., Erickson, M. F., & Nachmias, M. (1995). Adrenocortical responses to the strange situation in infants with disorganized/disoriented attachment relationships. Child Development, 66, 1100–1106.
Holmes, P., & Farnfield, S. (2014). ABC + D of attachment theory: The strange situation procedure as the gold standard of attachment assessment. In Holmes, P. & Farnfield, S. (Eds.), The Routledge handbook of attachment: Theory (pp. 25–44). Hove: Routledge.
Honjo, S., Mizuno, R., Sechiyama, H., Sasaki, Y., Kaneko, H., Nishide, T., … Nishide, Y. (2002). Temperament of low birth weight infants and child-rearing stress: Comparison with full-term healthy infants. Early Child Development and Care, 172, 65–75.
Horner, M. S., Reynolds, M., Braxter, B., Kirisci, L., & Tarter, R. E. (2015). Temperament disturbances measured in infancy progress to substance use disorder 20 years later. Personality and Individual Differences, 82, 96–101.
Horwitz, A. V., Widom, C. S., McLaughlin, J., & White, H. R. (2001). The impact of childhood abuse and neglect on adult mental health: A prospective study. Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 42, 184–201.
Hosang, G. M., Shiles, C., Tansey, K. E., McGuffin, P., & Uher, R. (2014). Interaction between stress and the BDNF Val66Met polymorphism in depression: A systematic review and meta-analysis. BMC Medicine, 12, 7.
Huizink, A. C., de Medina, P. G. R., Mulder, E. J., Visser, G. H., & Buitelaar, J. K. (2002). Psychological measures of prenatal stress as predictors of infant temperament. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 41, 1078–1085.
Huth-Bocks, A. C., Levendosky, A. A., Bogat, G. A., & von Eye, A. (2004). The impact of maternal characteristics and contextual variables on infant–mother attachment. Child Development, 75, 480–496.
Jansen, J., Beijers, R., Riksen-Walraven, M., & de Weerth, C. (2010). Cortisol reactivity in young infants. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 35, 329–338.
Jasinski, J. L. (2004). Pregnancy and domestic violence: A review of the literature. Trauma, Violence, & Abuse, 5, 47–64.
Jones, N. T., Ji, P., Beck, M., & Beck, N. (2002). The reliability and validity of the revised Conflict Tactics Scale (CTS2) in a female incarcerated population. Journal of Family Issues, 23, 441–457.
Jun, H. J., Rich-Edwards, J. W., Boynton-Jarrett, R., & Wright, R. J. (2008). Intimate partner violence and cigarette smoking: Association between smoking risk and psychological abuse with and without co-occurrence of physical and sexual abuse. American Journal of Public Health, 98, 527–535.
Keenan, K. (2000). Emotion dysregulation as a risk factor for child psychopathology. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 7, 418–434.
Kuczewski, N., Porcher, C., & Gaiarsa, J. L. (2010). Activity-dependent dendritic secretion of brain-derived neurotrophic factor modulates synaptic plasticity. European Journal of Neuroscience, 32, 1239–1244.
La Greca, A. M., Lai, B. S., Joormann, J., Auslander, B. B., & Short, M. A. (2013). Children's risk and resilience following a natural disaster: Genetic vulnerability, posttraumatic stress, and depression. Journal of Affective Disorders, 151, 860–867.
Lang, U. E., Hellweg, R., Kalus, P., Bajbouj, M., Lenzen, K. P., Sander, T., … Gallinat, J. (2005). Association of a functional BDNF polymorphism and anxiety-related personality traits. Psychopharmacology, 180, 95–99.
Leve, L. D., Kim, H. K., & Pears, K. C. (2005). Childhood temperament and family environment as predictors of internalizing and externalizing trajectories from ages 5 to 17. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 33, 505–520.
Levendosky, A. A., Bogat, G. A., Lonstein, J. S., Martinez-Torteya, C., Muzik, M., Granger, D. A., & von Eye, A. (2016). Infant adrenocortical reactivity and behavioral functioning: Relation to early exposure to maternal intimate partner violence. Stress, 19, 37–44.
Levendosky, A. A., Leahy, K. L., Bogat, G. A., Davidson, W. S., & von Eye, A. (2006). Domestic violence, maternal parenting, maternal mental health, and infant externalizing behavior. Journal of Family Psychology, 20, 544.
Liening, S. H., Stanton, S. J., Saini, E. K., & Schultheiss, O. C. (2010). Salivary testosterone, cortisol, and progesterone: Two-week stability, interhormone correlations, and effects of time of day, menstrual cycle, and oral contraceptive use on steroid hormone levels. Physiology & Behavior, 99, 8–16.
Lopez-Duran, N. L., Kovacs, M., & George, C. J. (2009). Hypothalamic–pituitary–adrenal axis dysregulation in depressed children and adolescents: A meta-analysis. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 34, 1272–1283.
Luijk, M. P., Saridjan, N., Tharner, A., van IJzendoorn, M. H., Bakermans-Kranenburg, M. J., Jaddoe, V. W., … Tiemeier, H. (2010). Attachment, depression, and cortisol: Deviant patterns in insecure-resistant and disorganized infants. Developmental Psychobiology, 52, 441–452.
Luijk, M. P., Velders, F. P., Tharner, A., van IJzendoorn, M. H., Bakermans-Kranenburg, M. J., Jaddoe, V. W., … Tiemeier, H. (2010). FKBP5 and resistant attachment predict cortisol reactivity in infants: Gene–environment interaction. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 35, 1454–1461.
Main, M., & Solomon, J., (1990). Procedures for identifying infants as disorganized/disoriented during the Ainsworth Strange Situation. In Greenberg, M. T., Cucchetti, D., & Cummings, E. M. (Eds.), Attachment in the preschool years: Theory, research, and intervention (Vol. 1, pp. 121–160). Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Martin, S. L., Beaumont, J. L., & Kupper, L. L. (2003). Substance use before and during pregnancy: Links to intimate partner violence. American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse, 29, 599–617.
Martin, S. L., Harris-Britt, A., Li, Y., Moracco, K. E., Kupper, L. L., & Campbell, J. C. (2004). Changes in intimate partner violence during pregnancy. Journal of Family Violence, 19, 201–210.
Martinez-Torteya, C., Bogat, G. A., Levendosky, A. A., & von Eye, A. (2016). The influence of prenatal intimate partner violence exposure on hypothalamic–pituitary–adrenal axis reactivity and childhood internalizing and externalizing symptoms. Development and Psychopathology, 28, 55–72.
Martinez-Torteya, C., Dayton, C. J., Beeghly, M., Seng, J. S., McGinnis, E., Broderick, A., … Muzik, M. (2014). Maternal parenting predicts infant biobehavioral regulation among women with a history of childhood maltreatment. Development and Psychopathology, 26, 379–392.
McMahon, E., Wintermark, P., & Lahav, A. (2012). Auditory brain development in premature infants: The importance of early experience. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1252, 17–24.
Möhler, E., Parzer, P., Brunner, R., Wiebel, A., & Resch, F. (2006). Emotional stress in pregnancy predicts human infant reactivity. Early Human Development, 82, 731–737.
Monk, C., Spicer, J., & Champagne, F. A. (2012). Linking prenatal maternal adversity to developmental outcomes in infants: The role of epigenetic pathways. Development and Psychopathology, 24, 1361–1376.
Nachmias, M., Gunnar, M., Mangelsdorf, S., Parritz, R. H., & Buss, K. (1996). Behavioral inhibition and stress reactivity: The moderating role of attachment security. Child Development, 67, 508–522.
Naert, G., Ixart, G., Maurice, T., Tapia-Arancibia, L., & Givalois, L. (2011). Brain-derived neurotrophic factor and hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis adaptation processes in a depressive-like state induced by chronic restraint stress. Molecular and Cellular Neuroscience, 46, 55–66.
Newton, R. R., Connelly, C. D., & Landsverk, J. A. (2001). An examination of measurement characteristics and factorial validity of the Revised Conflict Tactics Scale. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 61, 317–335.
O'Connor, T. G., Heron, J., Golding, J., Beveridge, M., & Glover, V. (2002). Maternal antenatal anxiety and children's behavioural/emotional problems at 4 years. British Journal of Psychiatry, 180, 502–508.
O'Donnell, K. J., Glover, V., Holbrook, J. D., & O'Connor, T. G. (2014). Maternal prenatal anxiety and child brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) genotype: Effects on internalizing symptoms from 4 to 15 years of age. Development and Psychopathology, 26(4, pt. 2), 1255–1266.
Pardon, M. C. (2010). Role of neurotrophic factors in behavioral processes: Implications for the treatment of psychiatric and neurodegenerative disorders. Vitamins & Hormones, 82, 185–200.
Park, H., & Poo, M. M. (2013). Neurotrophin regulation of neural circuit development and function. Nature Reviews Neuroscience, 14, 7.
Parra-Frutos, I. (2014). Controlling the Type I error rate by using the nonparametric bootstrap when comparing means. British Journal of Mathematical and Statistical Psychology, 67, 117–132.
Pluess, M., & Belsky, J. (2011). Prenatal programming of postnatal plasticity? Development and Psychopathology, 23, 29–38.
Posner, M. I., & Rothbart, M. K. (1998). Attention, self-regulation and consciousness. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 353, 1915–1927.
Putnam, S. P., Helbig, A. L., Gartstein, M. A., Rothbart, M. K., & Leerkes, E. (2014). Development and assessment of short and very short forms of the Infant Behavior Questionnaire—Revised. Journal of Personality Assessment, 96, 445–458.
Quinlivan, J. A., & Evans, S. F. (2005). Impact of domestic violence and drug abuse in pregnancy on maternal attachment and infant temperament in teenage mothers in the setting of best clinical practice. Archives of Women's Mental Health, 8, 191–199.
Richter-Schmidinger, T., Alexopoulos, P., Horn, M., Maus, S., Reichel, M., Rhein, C., … Doerfler, A. (2011). Influence of brain-derived neurotrophic-factor and apolipoprotein E genetic variants on hippocampal volume and memory performance in healthy young adults. Journal of Neural Transmission, 118, 249–257.
Saltzman, L. E., Johnson, C. H., Gilbert, B. C., & Goodwin, M. M. (2003). Physical abuse around the time of pregnancy: An examination of prevalence and risk factors in 16 states. Maternal and Child Health Journal, 7, 31–43.
Schuetze, P., Lopez, F. A., Granger, D. A., & Eiden, R. D. (2008). The association between prenatal exposure to cigarettes and cortisol reactivity and regulation in 7-month-old infants. Developmental Psychobiology, 50, 819–834.
Schüle, C., Zill, P., Baghai, T. C., Eser, D., Zwanzger, P., Wenig, N., … Bondy, B. (2006). Brain-derived neurotrophic factor Val66Met polymorphism and dexamethasone/CRH test results in depressed patients. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 31, 1019–1025.
Sen, S., Nesse, R. M., Stoltenberg, S. F., Li, S., Gleiberman, L., Chakravarti, A., … Burmeister, M. (2003). A BDNF coding variant is associated with the NEO personality inventory domain neuroticism, a risk factor for depression. Neuropsychopharmacology, 28, 397–401.
Sharps, P. W., Laughon, K., & Giangrande, S. K. (2007). Intimate partner violence and the childbearing year: Maternal and infant health consequences. Trauma, Violence, & Abuse, 8, 105–116.
Silverman, J. G., Decker, M. R., Reed, E., & Raj, A. (2006). Intimate partner violence victimization prior to and during pregnancy among women residing in 26 US states: Associations with maternal and neonatal health. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 195, 140–148.
Spangler, G., & Grossmann, K. E. (1993). Biobehavioral organization in securely and insecurely attached infants. Child Development, 64, 1439–1450.
Spangler, G., & Schieche, M. (1998). Emotional and adrenocortical responses of infants to the strange situation: The differential function of emotional expression. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 22, 681–706.
Stevenson, J., Thompson, M. J. J., & Sonuga-Burke, E. (1996). Mental health of preschool children and their mothers in a mixed urban/rural population. British Journal of Psychiatry, 168, 26–32.
Straus, M. A., Hamby, S. L., Boney-McCoy, S., & Sugarman, D. B. (1996). The revised Conflict Tactics Scales (CTS2) development and preliminary psychometric data. Journal of Family Issues, 17, 283–316.
Straus, M. A., Hamby, S. L., & Warren, W. L. (2003). Conflict Tactics Scales (CTS). Torrance, CA: Western Psychological Services.
Tackett, J. L., Martel, M. M., & Kushner, S. C. (2012). Temperament, externalizing disorders, and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. In Zentner, M. & Shiner, R. L. (Eds.), Handbook of temperament, (pp. 562–580). New York: Guilford Press.
Talge, N. M., Neal, C., & Glover, V. (2007). Antenatal maternal stress and long-term effects on child neurodevelopment: How and why? Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 48, 245–261.
Thompson, J., Sonuga-Barke, E. J., Morgan, A. R., Cornforth, C. M., Turic, D., Ferguson, L. R., … Waldie, K. E. (2012). The catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) Val158Met polymorphism moderates the effect of antenatal stress on childhood behavioural problems: Longitudinal evidence across multiple ages. Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology, 54, 148–154.
Tjaden, P., & Thoennes, N. (2000). Full report of the prevalence, incidence, and consequences of intimate partner violence against women: Findings from the National Violence Against Women Survey. Washington, DC: National Institute of Justice.
Tocchetto, A., Salum, G. A., Blaya, C., Teche, S., Isolan, L., Bortoluzzi, A., … Leistner-Segal, S. (2011). Evidence of association between Val66Met polymorphism at BDNF gene and anxiety disorders in a community sample of children and adolescents. Neuroscience Letters, 502, 197–200.
Tollenaar, M. S., Beijers, R., Jansen, J., Riksen-Walraven, J. M. A., & de Weerth, C. (2011). Maternal prenatal stress and cortisol reactivity to stressors in human infants. Stress, 14, 53–65.
Van Bakel, H. J., & Riksen-Walraven, J. M. (2004). Stress reactivity in 15-month-old infants: Links with infant temperament, cognitive competence, and attachment security. Developmental Psychobiology, 44, 157–167.
Van den Bergh, B. R., Mulder, E. J., Mennes, M., & Glover, V. (2005). Antenatal maternal anxiety and stress and the neurobehavioural development of the fetus and child: Links and possible mechanisms. A review. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews, 29, 237–258.
Watamura, S. E., Kryzer, E. M., & Robertson, S. S. (2009). Cortisol patterns at home and child care: Afternoon differences and evening recovery in children attending very high quality full-day center-based child care. Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, 30, 475–485.
Walters, G. D. (2014). Pathways to early delinquency: Exploring the individual and collective contributions of difficult temperament, low maternal involvement, and externalizing behavior. Journal of Criminal Justice, 42, 321–326.
Wolfe, J., & Kimerling, R. (1997). Gender issues in the assessment of posttraumatic stress disorder.
Yeom, C. W., Park, Y. J., Choi, S. W., & Bhang, S. Y. (2016). Association of peripheral BDNF level with cognition, attention and behavior in preschool children. Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health, 10, 10.
Zohsel, K., Buchmann, A. F., Blomeyer, D., Hohm, E., Schmidt, M. H., Esser, G., … Laucht, M. (2014). Mothers' prenatal stress and their children's antisocial outcomes—A moderating role for the dopamine D4 receptor (DRD4) gene. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 55, 69–76.