Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

One good thing leads to another: Cascades of positive youth development among American adolescents

  • Selva Lewin-Bizan (a1), Edmond P. Bowers (a1) and Richard M. Lerner (a1)

Abstract

Developmental cascades are links across the life span among heterotypic (qualitatively distinct) variables associated with one or more levels of organization within the ecology of human development. Using data from the longitudinal, 4-H Study of Positive Youth Development (PYD), we illustrate a developmental systems theory predicated model of cascades in the relations between individuals and contexts that promote positive development among adolescents. Consistent with expectations about the bases of PYD and the role in such development on person and context, ecological resources associated with parenting are linked to individual self-regulatory behaviors that in turn impact PYD, which is then associated with youth community contributions. We discuss the limitations and future directions of this research and the implications of developmental cascades for applications to policies and programs.

Copyright

Corresponding author

Address correspondence and reprint requests to: Selva Lewin-Bizan, Institute for Applied Research in Youth Development, 301 Lincoln-Filene, Tufts University, Medford, MA 02155.

References

Hide All
Baltes, P. B. (1997). On the incomplete architecture of human ontogeny: Selection, optimization, and compensation as foundations of developmental theory. American Psychologist, 52, 366380.
Baltes, P. B., Lindenberger, U., & Staudinger, U. M. (2006). Life span theory in developmental psychology. In Lerner, R. M. (Ed.) & Damon, W. & Lerner, R. M. (Vol. Eds.), Theoretical models of human development: Vol. 1. Handbook of child psychology (6th ed., pp. 569664). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.
Barnes, G. M., Hoffman, J. H., Welte, J. W., Farrell, M. P., & Dintcheff, B. A. (2006). Effects of parental monitoring and peer deviance on substance use and delinquency. Journal of Marriage and Family, 68, 10841104.
Baumrind, D. (1991). The influence of parenting style on adolescent competence and substance use. Journal of Early Adolescence, 11, 5695.
Benson, P. L., Scales, P. C., Hamilton, S. F., & Semsa, A. Jr. (2006). Positive youth development: Theory, research, and applications. In Lerner, R. M. & Damon, W. (Eds.), Theoretical models of human development: Vol. 1. Handbook of child psychology (6th ed., pp. 894941). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.
Brandtstädter, J. (1998). Action perspectives on human development. In Damon, W. (Series Ed.) & Lerner, R. M. (Vol. Ed.), Theoretical models of human development: Vol. 1. Handbook of child psychology (5th ed., pp. 807863). New York: Wiley.
Brandtstädter, J. (2006). Action perspectives on human development. In Lerner, R. M. & Damon, W. (Eds.), Theoretical models of human development: Vol. 1. Handbook of child psychology (6th ed., pp. 516568). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.
Bronfenbrenner, U. (1963). Developmental theory in transition. In Stevenson, H. W. (Ed.), Child psychology: Sixty-second yearbook of the National Society for the Study of Education (Pt. 1, pp. 517542). Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Bronfenbrenner, U. (1979). The ecology of human development: Experiments by nature and design. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Brody, G. H. (2003). Parental monitoring: Action and reaction. In Crouter, A. C. & Booth, A. (Eds.), Children's influence on family dynamics: The neglected side of family relationships (pp. 163169). Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.
Cairns, R. B., & Cairns, B. (2006). The making of developmental psychology. In Lerner, R. M. & Damon, W. (Eds.). Theoretical models of human development: Vol. 1. Handbook of Child Psychology (6th ed., pp. 89165). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.
Coley, R. L. (1998). Children's socialization experiences and functioning in single-mother households: The importance of fathers and other men. Child Development, 69, 219230.
Collins, L. M., Schaffer, J. L., & Kam, C. (2001). A comparison of inclusive and restrictive strategies in modern missing data procedures. Psychological Methods, 6, 330351.
Damon, W. (2004). What is positive youth development? Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 591, 1324.
Damon, W., & Lerner, R. M. (Eds.). (2008). Child and adolescent development: An advanced course. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.
Dishion, T., & McMahan, R. (1998). Parental monitoring and the prevention of child and adolescent problem behavior. Clinical Child & Family Psychology Review, 1, 6175.
Dishion, T. J., Patterson, G. R., Stoolmiller, M., & Skinner, M. L. (1991). Family, school, and behavioral antecedents to early adolescent involvement with antisocial peers. Developmental Psychology, 27, 172180.
Dodge, K. A., Greenberg, M. T., & Malone, P. S. (2008). Testing an idealized dynamic cascade model of the development of serious violence in adolescence. Child Development, 79, 19071927.
Eccles, J., & Gootman, J. A. (Eds.). (2002). Community programs to promote youth development. Washington, DC: National Academies Press.
Fauber, R., Forehand, R., Thomas, A. M., & Wierson, M. (1990). A mediational model of the impact pf marital conflict on adolescent adjustment in intact and divorced families: The role of disrupted parenting. Child Development, 61, 11121123.
Ford, D. H., & Lerner, R. M. (1992). Developmental systems theory: An integrative approach. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Forehand, R., & Nousiainen, S. (1993). Maternal and paternal parenting: Critical dimensions in adolescent functioning. Journal of Family Psychology, 7, 213221.
Freund, A. M., & Baltes, P. B. (2002). Life-management strategies of selection, optimization and compensation: Measurement by self-report and construct validity. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 82, 642662.
Garber, J. A., Robinson, N. S., & Valentiner, D. (1997). The relation between parenting and adolescent depression: Self-worth as a mediator. Journal of Adolescent Research, 12, 1233.
Gestsdóttir, S., & Lerner, R. M. (2007). Intentional self-regulation and positive youth development in early adolescence: Findings from the 4-H Study of Positive Youth Development. Developmental Psychology, 43, 508521.
Gestsdóttir, G., & Lerner, R. M. (2008). Positive development in adolescence: The development and role of intentional self regulation. Human Development, 51, 202224.
Gestsdóttir, S., Lewin-Bizan, S., von Eye, A., Lerner, R. M. & Lerner, J. V. (2009). The structure and function of selection, optimization, and compensation in middle adolescence: Theoretical and applied implications. Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, 30, 585600.
Gleick, J. (1987). Chaos: Making a new science. New York: Viking.
Graham, J. W., Olchowski, A. E., & Gilreath, T. D. (2007). How many imputations are really needed? Some practical clarifications of multiple imputation theory. Prevention Science, 8, 206213.
Gray, M. R., & Steinberg, L. (1999). Unpacking authoritative parenting: Reassessing a multidimensional construct. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 61, 574587.
Greenberg, G., & Tobach, E. (Eds.). (1984). Behavioral evolution and integrative levels. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.
Jelicic, H., Phelps, E., & Lerner, R. M. (2009). Use of missing data methods in longitudinal studies: The persistence of bad practices in developmental psychology. Developmental Psychology, 45, 11951199.
Kagan, J. & Moss, H. A. (1962). Birth to maturity. New York: Wiley.
Leffert, N., Benson, P., Scales, P., Sharma, A., Drake, D., & Blyth, D. (1998). Developmental assets: Measurement and prediction of risk behaviors among adolescents. Applied Developmental Science, 2, 209230.
Lerner, J. V., Phelps, E., Forman, Y. E., & Bowers, E. (2009). Positive youth development. In Lerner, R. M. & Steinberg, L. (Eds.), Handbook of adolescent psychology: Vol. 1. Individual bases of adolescent development (3rd ed.). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.
Lerner, R. M. (2002). Concepts and theories of human development (3rd ed.). Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.
Lerner, R. M. (2004). Liberty: Thriving and civic engagement among American youth. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Lerner, R. M. (2005). Promoting positive youth development: Theoretical and empirical bases. White paper presented at the Workshop on the Science of Adolescent Health and Development, National Research Council/Institute of Medicine, Washington, DC.
Lerner, R. M. (2006). Developmental science, developmental systems, and contemporary theories of human development. In Lerner, R. M. & Damon, W. (Eds.), Theoretical models of human development: Vol. 1. Handbook of child psychology (6th ed., pp. 117). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.
Lerner, R. M. (2007). The good teen: Rescuing adolescents from the nyths of the storm and stress years. New York: Crown Publishing Group.
Lerner, R. M. (2009). The positive youth development perspective: Theoretical and empirical bases of a strength-based approach to adolescent development. In Snyder, C. R. & Lopez, S. J. (Eds.), Handbook of positive psychology (2nd ed.). Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Lerner, R. M., Alberts, A. E., & Bobek, D. (2007). Thriving youth, flourishing civil society—How positive youth development strengthens democracy and social justice. In Stiftung, B. (Ed.), Civic engagement as an educational goal (pp. 2135). Guterslöh, Germany: Verlag Bertelsmann Stiftung.
Lerner, R. M., Freund, A. M., De Stefanis, I., & Habermas, T. (2001). Understanding developmental regulation in adolescnce: The use of selection, optimization, and compensation model. Human Development, 44, 2950.
Lerner, R. M., Lerner, J. V., Almerigi, J. B., Theokas, C., Gestsdóttir, S., Naudeau, S., et al. (2005). Positive youth development, participation in community youth development programs, and community contributions of fifth grade adolescents: Findings from the first wave of the 4-H Study of Positive Youth Development. Journal of Early Adolescence, 25, 1771.
Lerner, R. M., & Steinberg, L. (2009). The scientific study of adolescent development. In Lerner, R. M. & Steinberg, L. (Eds.), Handbook of adolescent psychology (3rd ed.). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.
Lerner, R. M., von Eye, A., Lerner, J. V., & Lewin-Bizan, S. (2009). Exploring the foundations and functions of adolescent thriving within the 4-H Study of Positive Youth Development: A view of the issues. Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, 30, 567570.
Lewin-Bizan, S., Doyle Lynch, A., Fay, K., Schmid, K., Lerner, J. V., & Lerner, R. M. (2010). Trajectories of positive and negative behaviors from early- to middle-adolescence. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 39, 751763.
Magnusson, D., & Stattin, H. (1998). Person–context interaction theories. In Damon, W. (Series Ed.) & Damon, W. (Vol. Ed.), Handbook of child psychology: Vol. 1. Theoretical models of human development (5th ed., pp. 685759). New York: Wiley.
Masten, A. S., Roisman, G. I., Long, J. D., Burt, K. B., Obradovic, J., Riley, J. R., et al. (2005). Developmental cascades: Linking academic achievement and externalizing and internalizing symptoms over 20 years. Developmental Psychology, 41, 733746.
Monitoring the Future. (2000). National survey on drug use, 1975–2000. Bethesda, MD: National Institute on Drug Abuse.
Mussen, P. H. (Ed.). (1970). Carmichael's manual of child psychology (3rd ed.). New York: Wiley.
Overton, W. F. (2006). Developmental psychology: Philosophy, concepts, and methodology. In Damon, W. & Lerner, R. M. (Eds.), Handbook of child psychology: Vol. 1. Theoretical models of human development (6th ed., pp. 1888). New York: Wiley.
Phelps, E., Balsano, A. B., Fay, K., Peltz, J. S., Zimmerman, S. M., Lerner, R. M., et al. (2007). Nuances in early adolescent developmental trajectories of positive and problematic/risk behaviors: Findings from the 4-H Study of Positive Youth Development. In Carrey, N., Ungar, M., & Martin, A. (Eds.), Child and adolescent psychiatric clinics of North America (Vol. 16, pp. 473496). Philadelphia, PA: W. B. Saunders.
Putnam, R. D. (1995). Bowling alone: America's declining social capital. Journal of Democracy, 6, 6578.
Putnam, R. D. (2000). Bowling alone: The collapse and revival of American community. New York: Touchstone Books/Simon & Schuster.
Radloff, L. S. (1977). The CES-D Scale: A self-report depression scale for research in the general population. Applied Psychological Measurement, 1, 385401.
Rohner, R., & Veneziano, R. (2001). History and contemporary research on father love. Review of General Psychology, 5, 382405.
Roth, J. L., & Brooks-Gunn, J. (2003). What exactly is a youth development program? Answers from research and practice. Applied Developmental Science, 7, 94111.
Royston, P. (2004). Multiple imputation of missing values. Stata Journal, 4, 227241.
Royston, P. (2005a). Multiple imputation of missing values: Update. Stata Journal, 5, 188201.
Royston, P. (2005b). Multiple imputation of missing values: Update of ice. Stata Journal, 5, 527536.
Rubin, D. B. (1987). Multiple imputation for non-response in survey. New York: Wiley.
Sameroff, A. (1975). Transactional models in early social relations. Human Development, 18, 6579.
Schaie, K. W. (1965). A general model for the study of developmental problems. Psychological Bulletin, 64, 92107.
Schludermann, E., & Schludermann, S. (1970). Replicability of factors in children's report of parental behavior. Journal of Psychology, 76, 239249.
Small, S. A., & Kerns, D. (1993). Unwanted sexual activity among peers during early and middle adolescence: Incidence and risk factors. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 55, 941952.
StataCorp. 2007. Stata Statistical Software: Release 10 [Computer software]. College Station, TX: Author.
Thelen, E., & Smith, L. B. (2006). Dynamic systems theories. In Lerner, R. M. (Vol. Ed.) & Damon, W. & Lerner, R. M. (Series Eds.). Theoretical models of human development: Vol. 1. Handbook of Child Psychology (6th ed., pp. 258312). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.
Theokas, C., & Lerner, R. M. (2006). Observed ecological assets in families, schools, and neighborhoods: Conceptualization, measurement and relations with positive and negative outcomes. Applied Developmental Science, 10, 6174.
Thomas, G., Farrell, M., & Barnes, G. (1996). The effects of single-mother families and nonresident fathers on delinquency and substance abuse in Black and White adolescents. Journal of Marriage and Family, 58, 884894.
Veneziano, R. A. (2003). The importance of paternal warmth. Cross-Cultural Research, 37, 265281.
Waddington, C. H. (1957). The strategy of the genes. London: Allen & Unwin.
Werner, H. (1948). Comparative psychology of mental development. New York: International Universities Press.
Werner, H. (1957). The concept of development from a comparative and organismic point of view. In Harris, D. B. (Ed.), The concept of development (pp. 125148). Minneapolis, MN: University of Minnesota Press.
Woolbridge, J. M. (2002). Econometric analysis of cross section and panel data. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Zellner, A. (1962). An efficient method of estimating seemingly unrelated regressions and tests for aggregation bias. Journal of the American Statistical Association, 57, 348368.
Zellner, A. (1963). Estimators for seemingly unrelated regression equations: Some exact finite sample results. Journal of the American Statistical Association, 58, 977992.
Zellner, A., & Huang, D. S. (1962). Further properties of efficient estimators for seemingly unrelated regression equations. International Economic Review, 3, 300313.
Zimmerman, S., Phelps, E., & Lerner, R. M. (2008). Positive and negative developmental trajectories in U.S. adolescents: Where the PYD perspective meets the deficit model. Research in Human Development, 5, 153165.

Related content

Powered by UNSILO

One good thing leads to another: Cascades of positive youth development among American adolescents

  • Selva Lewin-Bizan (a1), Edmond P. Bowers (a1) and Richard M. Lerner (a1)

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed.