Burack, J. A. (1990). Differentiating mental retardation: The two-group approach and beyond. In Hodapp, R. M., Burack, J. A., & Zigler, E. (Eds.), Issues in the developmental approach to mental retardation. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Burack, J. A. (1997). The study of atypical and typical populations in developmental psychopathology: The quest for a common science. In Luthar, S. S., Burack, J. A., Cicchetti, D., & Weisz, J. R. (Eds.), Developmental psychopathology: Perspectives on adjustment, risk and disorder (pp. 139–165). New York: Cambridge University Press.
Burack, J. A., Evans, D. W., Klaiman, C., & Iarocci, G. (2001). The mysterious myth of attentional deficit and other defect stories: Contemporary issues in the developmental approach to mental retardation. International Review of Research in Mental Retardation, 24, 300–321.
Burack, J. A., Hodapp, R. M., & Zigler, E. (1988). Issues in the classification of mental retardation: Differentiating among organic etiologies. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 29, 765–779.
Burack, J. A., Iarocci, G., Flanagan, T., & Bowler, D. M. (2004). On melting pots and mosaics: Conceptual considerations for matching strategies. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 34, 65–73.
Burack, J. A., Russo, N., Flores, H., Iarocci, G., & Zigler, E. (2012). The more we know, the less we know, but that's OK: Developmental implications for theory, methodology, and interpretation. In Burack, J. A., Hodapp, R. M., Iarocci, G., & Zigler, E. (Eds.), Handbook of intellectual disability and development (2nd ed.). New York: Oxford University Press.
Cicchetti, D. (1984). The emergence of developmental psychopathology. Child Development, 55, 1–7.
Cicchetti, D., & Beeghly, M. (1990). An organizational approach to the study of Down syndrome: Contributions to an integrative theory of development. In Cicchetti, D. & Beeghly, M. (Eds.), Children with Down syndrome: A developmental perspective. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Cicchetti, D., & Pogge-Hesse, P. (1982). Possible contributions of the study of organically retarded persons to developmental theory. In Zigler, E. & Balle, D. A. (Eds.), Mental retardation, the developmental-difference controversy. Hillsdale, NJ: Earlbaum.
Courage, M. L., Adams, R. J., & Hall, E. J. (1997). Contrast sensitivity in infants and children with Down syndrome. Vision Research, 37, 1545–1555.
Culham, J., Brandt, S., Cavanagh, P., Kanwisher, N., Dale, A., & Tootell, R. (1998). Cortical fMRI activation produced by attentive tracking of moving targets. Journal of Neurophysiology, 80, 2657–2670.
Donnai, D., & Karmiloff-Smith, A. (2000). Williams syndrome: From genotype through to the cognitive phenotype. American Journal of Medical Genetics, 97, 164–171.
Drew, T., & Vogel, E. K. (2008). Neural measures of individual differences in selecting and tracking multiple moving objects. Journal of Neuroscience, 28, 4183–4191.
Fidler, D. J. (2005). The emerging Down syndrome behavioral phenotype in early childhood. Infants and Young Children,18, 86–103.
Fidler, D. J., & Daunhauer, L. (2011). Down syndrome: General overview. In Howlin, P., Charman, T., & Ghaziuddin, M. (Eds.), SAGE handbook of developmental disorders (pp. 9–28). New York: Sage.
Frenkel, S., & Bourdin, B. (2009). Verbal, visual, and spatio-sequential short-term memory: Assessment of the storage capacities of children and teenagers with Down's syndrome. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 53, 152–160.
Freund, J. (1981). Statistics: A first course. (3rd ed.). Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice–Hall.
Hodapp, R. M., & Burack, J. A. (1990). What mental retardation teaches us about typical development: The examples of sequences, rates, and cross-domain relations. Development and Psychopathology, 2, 213–225.
Hodapp, R. M., & Burack, J. A. (2006). Developmental approaches to children with mental retardation: A second generation? In Cicchetti, D. & Cohen, D. J. (Eds.), Developmental psychopathology: Vol. 3. Risk, disorder, and adaptation (2nd ed.). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.
Howe, P. D., Horowitz, T. S., Morocz, I. A., Wolfe, J., & Livingstone, M. S. (2009). Using fRMI to distinguish components of the multiple-object tracking task. Journal of Vision, 9, 1–11.
Hulleman, J. (2005). The mathematics of multiple object tracking: From proportions correct to number of objects tracked. Vision Research, 45, 2298–2309.
Intriligator, J., & Cavanagh, P. (2001). The spatial resolution of visual attention. Cognitive Psychology, 43, 171–216.
Jarrold, C., & Brock, J. (2012). Short-term memory and working memory in mental retardation. In Burack, J. A., Hodapp, R. M., Iarocci, G., & Zigler, E. (Eds.), The Oxford handbook of intellectual disability and development (pp. 109–124). New York: Oxford University Press.
John, F. M., Bromham, N. R., Woodhouse, M., & Candy, T. R. (2004). Spatial vision deficits in infants and children with Down syndrome. Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science, 45, 1566–1572.
Kittler, P. M., Krinsky-McHale, S. J., & Devenny, D. A. (2008). Dual-task processing as a measure of executive function: A comparison between adults with Williams and Down syndrome. American Journal on Mental Retardation, 113, 117–132.
Klingberg, T., Forssberg, H., & Westerberg, H. (2002). Increased brain activity in frontal and parietal cortex underlies the development of visuospatial working memory capacity during childhood. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 14, 1–10.
Lanfranchi, S., Carretti, B., Spano, G., & Cornoldi, C. (2009). A specific deficit in visuospatial simultaneous working memory in Down syndrome. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 53, 474–483.
Lanfranchi, S., Jerman, O., Dal Pont, E., Alberti, A., & Vianelli, R. (2010). Executive function in adolescents with Down syndrome. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 54, 308–319.
Martens, M. A., Wilson, S. J., & Reutens, D. C. (2008). Williams syndrome: A critical review of the cognitive, behavioral, and neuroanatomical phenotype. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 49, 576–608.
McGrowther, C. W., & Marshall, B. (1990). Recent trends in incidence, morbidity, and survival in Down syndrome. Journal of Mental Deficiency Research, 34, 49–57.
O'Hearn, K., Hoffman, J. E., & Landau, B. (2010). Developmental profiles for multiple object tracking and spatial memory: Typically developing preschoolers and people with Williams syndrome. Developmental Science, 13, 430–440.
O'Hearn, K., Landau, B., & Hoffman, J. (2005). Multiple object tracking in people with Williams syndrome and in normally developing children. Psychological Science, 16, 905–911.
Pylyshyn, Z. (2001). Visual indices, preconceptual objects, and situated vision. Cognition, 80, 127–158.
Pylyshyn, Z. (2006). Some puzzling findings in multiple-object tracking (MOT): II. Inhibition in moving non-targets. Visual Cognition, 14, 175–198.
Pylyshyn, Z., & Storm, R. (1988). Tracking multiple independent targets: Evidence for a parallel tracking mechanism. Spatial Vision, 3, 179–197.
Reilly, J., Klima, E. S., & Bellugi, U. (1990). Once more with feeling: Affect and language in atypical populations. Development and Psychopathology, 2, 367–392.
Roid, G., & Miller, L. (1997). Leiter International Performance Scale—Revised. Wood Dale, IL: Stoelting.
Russo, N., Dawkins, T., Huizinga, M., & Burack, J. A. (2012). Executive function across syndromes associated with intellectual disabilities: A developmental perspective. In Burack, J. A., Hodapp, R. M., Iarocci, G., & Zigler, E. (Eds.), The Oxford handbook of intellectual disability and development (pp. 125–137). New York: Oxford University Press.
Russo, N., Flanagan, T., Berringer, D., Iarocci, G., Zelazo, P. D., & Burack, J. A. (2007). Deconstructing the executive function deficit in autism: Implications for cognitive neuroscience. Brain and Cognition, 65, 77–86.
Silverman, W. (2007). Down syndrome: Cognitive phenotype. Mental Retardation and Developmental Disabilities Research Reviews, 13, 228–236.
Suttle, C. M., & Turner, A. (2004). Transient pattern evoked potentials in children with Down syndrome. Ophthalmic and Physiological Optics, 24, 91–99.
Thorn, A. S. C., & Frankish, C. R. (2005). Long-term knowledge effects on serial recall of nonwords are not exclusively lexical. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 31, 729–735.
Trezise, K., Gray, K., & Sheppard, D. (2008) Attention and vigilance in children with Down Syndrome. Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities, 21, 502–508.
Trick, L. M., Hollinsworth, H., & Brodeur, D. (2009). Multiple-object tracking across the lifespan: Do different factors contribute to diminished performance in different age groups? In Dendrick, D. & Trick, L. (Eds.), Computation, cognition and Pylyshyn (pp. 79–99). Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Trick, L. M., Jaspers-Fayer, F., & Sethi, N. (2005). Multiple-object tracking in children: The “catch the spies” task. Cognitive Development, 20, 373–387.
Trick, L. M., Mutreja, R., & Hunt, K. (2012). Spatial and visuo-spatial working memory tests predict performance in classic multiple-object tracking in young adults but measures of the executive do not. Attention, Perception, and Psychophysics, 74, 300–311.
Vicari, S. (2012). Memory and learning in intellectual disabilities. In Burack, J. A., Hodapp, R. M., Iarocci, G., & Zigler, E. (Eds.), The Oxford handbook of intellectual disability and development (pp. 97–108). New York: Oxford University Press.
Vicari, S., Belluci, S., & Carlesimo, G. A. (2006). Evidence from two syndromes for the independence of spatial and visual working memory. Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology, 48, 126–131.
Virji-Babul, N., Kerns, K., Zhou, E., Kapur, A., & Shiffrar, M. (2006). Perceptual-motor deficits in children with Down syndrome: Implications for intervention. Down Syndrome Research and Practice, 10, 74–82.
Visu-Petra, L., Benga, O., Tincas, I., & Miclea, M. (2007). Visual–spatial processing in children and adolescents with Down syndrome: A computerized assessment of memory skills. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 51, 942–952.