Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Deviancy training and association with deviant peers in young children: Occurrence and contribution to early-onset conduct problems

  • JAMES SNYDER (a1), LYNN SCHREPFERMAN (a1), JESSICA OESER (a1), GERALD PATTERSON (a2), MIKE STOOLMILLER (a2), KASSY JOHNSON (a1) and ABIGAIL SNYDER (a1)...

Abstract

The relationships of deviant talk and role taking during peer interaction, association with deviant peers, and growth in overt and covert conduct problems during kindergarten and first grade were examined in a community sample of 267 boys and girls. At entry to kindergarten, high levels of overt and covert conduct problems predicted association with deviant peers, and deviant peer association predicted deviant talk and role taking during peer interaction during kindergarten. Association with deviant peers, and deviant talk and role taking predicted growth in overt and covert conduct problems on the playground, in the classroom, and at home during kindergarten and first grade. Peer processes associated with growth in conduct problems that escalate rapidly during late childhood and adolescence appear to occur in earlier childhood. These peer processes may play a central role in the evolution of conduct problems to include covert as well as overt forms.This research was supported by National Institute of Health Grant MH57342.

Copyright

Corresponding author

Address correspondence and reprint requests to: James Snyder, Department of Psychology, Box 34, Wichita State University, Wichita, KS 67260-0034; E-mail: james.snyder@wichita.edu.

References

Hide All

REFERENCES

Achenbach, T. M. (1991). Integrative guide for the 1991 CBCL/4–18, YSR and TRF profiles. Burlington, VT: University of Vermont Department of Psychiatry.
Arbuckle, J. L., & Wothke, W. (1999). AMOS 4.0 user's guide. Chicago: SmallWaters.
Cairns, R. B., Cairns, B. D., Neckerman, H. J., Gest, S. D., & Gariepy, J. L. (1988). Social networks and aggressive behavior: Peer support or rejection. Developmental Psychology 24, 815823.
Conger, R. D., & Kileen, P. (1974). Use of concurrent operants in small group research: A demonstration. Pacific Sociological Review 17, 399416.
Dishion, T. J., McCord, J., & Poulin, F. (1999). When interventions harm: Per groups and problem behavior. American Psychologist 54, 755764.
Dishion, T. J., Patterson, G. R., & Griesler, P. C. (1994). Peer adaptation in the development of antisocial behavior: A confluence model. In L. R. Heusmann (Ed.), Current perspectives on aggressive behavior (pp. 6195). New York: Plenum Press.
Dishion, T. J., Spraklen, K. M., Andrews, D. W., & Patterson, G. R. (1996). Deviancy training in male adolescent friendships. Behavior Therapy 27, 373390.
Edelbrock, C., Rende, R., Plomin, R., & Thompson, L. A. (1995). A twin study of competence and problem behavior in childhood and early adolescence. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry 36, 775785.
Hayes, S. N., & Wu, W. (1998). The applied implications of rule-governed behavior. In W. O'Donohue (Ed.), Learning and behavior therapy (pp. 374391). Needham Heights, MA: Allyn & Bacon.
Hinshaw, S. P., & Lee, S. S. (2003). Conduct and oppositional defiant disorders. In E. J. Mash & R. A. Barkley (Eds.), Child psychopathology (2nd ed., pp. 144198). New York: Guilford Press.
Hops, H., Alpert, A., & Davis, B. (1997). The development of same- and opposite-sex relations among adolescents: An analogue study. Social Development 6, 143167.
Jessor, R., & Jessor, S. L. (1977). Problem behavior and psychological development: A longitudinal study of youth. New York: Academic Press.
Kellam, S. G., Ling, X., Merisca, R., Brown, C. H., & Ialongo, N. (1998). The effect of the level of aggression in the first grade classroom on the course and malleability of aggressive behavior in middle school. Development and Psychopathology 10, 165185.
Kellam, S. G., Rebok, G. W., Ialongo, N., & Meyer, L. S. (1994). The course and malleability of aggressive behavior from early first grade into middle schools: Results of a developmental epidemiologically based prevention trial. The Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry 35, 359382.
Kochenderfer–Ladd, B. J., & Ladd, G. (1996). Peer victimization: Manifestations and relations to school adjustment in kindergarten. Journal of School Psychology 34, 267283.
Lahey, B. B., & Waldman, I. D. (2003). A developmental propensity model of the origins of conduct problems during childhood and adolescence. In B. Lahey, T. Moffitt, & A. Caspi (Eds.), Causes of conduct disorder and juvenile delinquency (pp. 76117). New York: Guilford Press.
Laird, R. D., Jordan, K. Y., Dodge, K. A., Pettit, G. S., & Bates, J. E. (2001). Peer rejection in childhood, involvement with antisocial peers in early adolescence, and the development of externalizing behavior problems. Development and Psychopathology 13, 337354.
Loeber, R., DeLamatre, M. S., Keenan, K., & Zhang, Q. (1998). A prospective replication of developmental pathways in disruptive and delinquent behavior. In R. B. Cairns, L. R. Bergman, & J. Kagan (Eds.), Methods and models for studying the individual (pp. 185216). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Loeber, R., & Stouthamer–Loeber, M. (1998). Development of juvenile aggression and violence: Some common misconceptions and controversies. American Psychologist 53, 242259.
Moffitt, T. E., Rutter, M., & Silva, P. A. (2001). Sex differences in antisocial behaviour: Conduct disorder, delinquency and violence in the Dunedin Longitudinal Study. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Oeser, J., & Schrepferman, L. (2002). Antisocial Content Code. Unpublished manuscript, Wichita State University, Department of Psychology.
Osgood, D. W., Wilson, J. K., Bachman, J. G., O'Malley, P. M., & Johnson, L. D. (1996). Routine activities and individual deviant behavior. American Sociological Review 61, 635655.
Patterson, G. R. (1982). Coercive family process. Eugene, OR: Castalia.
Patterson, G. R., Dishion, T. J., & Yoerger, K. (2000). Adolescent growth in new forms of problem behavior: Macro- and micro-peer dynamics. Prevention Science 1, 313.
Patterson, G. R., Forgatch, M. S., Yoerger, K., & Stoolmiller, M. (1998). Variables that initiate and maintain early-onset trajectory for juvenile offending. Development and Psychopathology 10, 541547.
Patterson, G. R., Littman, R. A., & Bricker, W. (1967). Assertive behavior in children: A step toward a theory of aggression. Monographs for the Society for Research in Child Development 32(5), 143.
Patterson, G. R., & Yoerger, K. (1999). Intra-individual growth in covert antisocial behavior: A necessary precursor to chronic juvenile and adult arrests? Criminal Behavior and Mental Health 9, 2438.
Patterson, G. R., & Yoerger, K. (2002). A developmental model for early- and late-onset delinquency. In J. B. Reid, G. R. Patterson, & J. Snyder (Eds.), Antisocial behavior in children and adolescents: A developmental analysis and model for intervention (pp. 147172). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
Poe, J., Dishion, T. J., Griesler, P., & Andrews, D. (1990) Topic code. Unpublished manuscript, Oregon Social Learning Center.
Reid, J. B., & Eddy, J. M. (1997). The prevention of antisocial behavior: Some considerations in the search for effective interventions. In D. M. Stoff, J. Breiling, & J. D. Maser (Eds.), Handbook of antisocial behavior (pp. 343356). New York: Wiley.
Riegler, H. C., & Baer, D. M. (1989). A developmental analysis of rule following. Advances in Child Development 21, 191219.
Rubin, K. H., Bukowski, W., & Parker, J. G. (1998). Peer interactions, relationships, and groups. In N. Eisenberg (Ed.), Handbook of child psychology: Vol. 3. Social, emotional and personality development (5th ed., pp. 619700). New York: Wiley.
Shaw, D. S., Owens, F. B., Giovannelli, J., & Winslow, E. B. (2001). Infant and toddler pathways leading to early externalizing disorders. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry 40, 3643.
Snyder, J. (2002). Reinforcement and coercion mechanisms in the development of antisocial behavior: Peer relationships. In J. B. Reid, G. R. Patterson, & J. Snyder (Eds.), Antisocial behavior in children and adolescents: A developmental analysis and model for intervention (pp. 101122). Washington, DC: APA Press.
Snyder, J., Brooker, M., Patrick, M. R., Snyder, A., Schrepferman, L., & Stoolmiller, M. (2003). Observed peer victimization during early elementary school: Continuity, growth, and relation to risk for child antisocial and depressive behavior. Child Development 74, 118.
Snyder, J., Horsch, E., & Childs, J. (1997). Peer relationships of young children: Affiliative choices and the shaping of aggressive behavior. Journal of Clinical Child Psychology 26, 145156.
Snyder, J., Reid, J. B., & Patterson, G. R. (2003). A social learning model of child and adolescent antisocial behavior. In B. Lahey, T. Moffitt, & A. Caspi (Eds.), Causes of conduct disorder and juvenile delinquency (pp. 2748). New York: Guilford Press.
Snyder, J., Stoolmiller, M., Patterson, G. R., Schrepferman, L., Oeser, J., Johnson, K., & Soetaert, D. (2004). The application of response allocation matching to understanding risk mechanisms in development: The case of young children's deviant talk and play, and risk for early onset antisocial behavior. Behavior Analyst Today 4, 335344.
Snyder, J., West, L., Stockemer, V., Gibbons, S., & Almquist–Parks, L. (1996). A social learning model of peer choice in the natural environment. Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology 17, 215237.
Stoolmiller, M. (1994). Antisocial behavior, delinquent peer association, and unsupervised wandering for boys: Growth and change from childhood to early adolescence. Multivariate Behavioral Research 29, 263288.
Stoolmiller, M., Eddy, J. M., & Reid, J. B. (2000). Detecting and describing preventive intervention effects in a universal school-based randomized trial targeting delinquent and violent behavior. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology 68, 296306.
Sugai, G., & Horner, R. H. (1999). Discipline and behavioral support: Preferred processes and practices. Effective School Practices 17, 1022.
Verhulst, F. C., Koot, H. M., & Berden, G. F. (1990). Four year follow-up of an epidemiological sample. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry 29, 440448.
Vitaro, F. (2004, May). Social contexts for preventive interventions targeting conduct problems in young children. In J. Snyder (Chair), Social contexts for preventive interventions targeting conduct problems in young children. Symposium conducted at the annual meeting of the Society for Prevention Research, Quebec City, Canada.
Vitaro, F., Gagnon, C., & Tremblay, R. E. (1992). Friendship and social functioning in rejected children. Enfance 46, 113127.
Weiss, B., Dodge, K. A., Bates, J. E., & Pettit, G. (1992). Some consequences of early harsh discipline and a maladaptive social information processing style. Child Development 63, 13211335.
Wothke, W. (2000). Longitudinal and multi-group modeling with missing data. In T. D. Little, K. U. Shnabel, & J. Baumert (Eds.), Modeling longitudinal and multilevel data: Practical issues, applied approaches, and specific examples (pp. 219240). Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.

Deviancy training and association with deviant peers in young children: Occurrence and contribution to early-onset conduct problems

  • JAMES SNYDER (a1), LYNN SCHREPFERMAN (a1), JESSICA OESER (a1), GERALD PATTERSON (a2), MIKE STOOLMILLER (a2), KASSY JOHNSON (a1) and ABIGAIL SNYDER (a1)...

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed