Aber, L., Allen, J., Carlson, V., & Cicchetti, D. (1989). The effects of maltreatment on development during early childhood: Recent studies and their theoretical, clinical, and policy implications. In Cicchetti, D. & Carlson, V. (Eds.), Child maltreatment: Theory and research on the causes and consequences of child abuse and neglect (pp. 579–619). New York: Cambridge University Press.
Achenbach, T. M., & Edelbrock, C. S. (1981). Behavioral problems and competencies reported by parents of normal and disturbed children aged 4 through 16. Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development, 46 (1, Serial No. 188).
Bates, J. E., & Bayles, K. (1988). The role of attachment in the development of behavior problems. In Belsky, J. & Nezworski, T. (Eds.), Clinical implications of attachment (pp. 253–299). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.
Bates, J. E., Maslin, C. A., & Frankel, K. A. (1985). Attachment security, motherrchild interaction, and temperament as predictors of behavior-problem ratings at age three years. In I. Bretherton & E. Waters (Eds.), Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development. Growing points of attachment theory and research, 50 (1–2, Serial No. 209).
Berlin, L. (1993). Attachment and emotions in preschool children. Paper presented at the Society for Research in Child Development, New Orleans, LA.
Bowlby, J. (1982). Attachment and loss: Retrospect and prospect. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 52, 664–678.
Bretherton, I. (1985). Attachment theory: Retrospect and prospect. In I. Bretherton & E. Waters (Eds.), Growing points of attachment theory and research. Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development, 50 (1–2, Serial No. 209).
Carlson, V., Cicchetti, D., Barnett, D., & Braunwald, K. (1989). Disorganized/disoriented attachment relationships in maltreated infants. Developmental Psychology, 25(4), 525–531.
Cassidy, J. (1988). Child-mother attachment and the self in six-year-olds. Child Development, 59, 121–135.
Cassidy, J. (1994). Emotion regulation: Influences of attachment relationships. In N. A. Fox (Ed.), The development of emotion regulation: Biological and behavioral considerations. Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development, 59 (2–3, Serial No. 240).
Cassidy, J., & Berlin, L. (1994). The insecure/ambivalent pattern of attachment: Theory and research. Child Development, 65, 971–991.
Cassidy, J., & Kobak, R. (1988). Avoidance and its relation to other defensive processes. In Belsky, J. & Nezworski, T. (Eds.), Clinical implications of attachment (pp. 300–317). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.
Cassidy, J., Marvin, R. S. (with the MacArthur Working Group on Attachment) (1992). Attachment organization in 2½ to 4½ year olds: Coding manual. Unpublished coding manual, University of Virginia.
Cicchetti, D., & Barnett, D. (1991). Attachment organization in maltreated preschoolers. Development and Psychopathology, 3, 397–411.
Cohen, J., & Cohen, P. (1983). Applied multiple regression/correlation analysis for the behavioral sciences (2nd ed.). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.
Cohn, D. A. (1990). Child-mother attachment of six-year-olds and social competence at school. Child Development, 61, 152–162.
DiPietro, J. A. (1981). Rough and tumble play: A function of gender. Developmental Psychology, 17, 50–59.
Easterbrooks, M. A., Davidson, C. E., & Chazan, R. (1993). Psychosocial risk, attachment, and behavior problems among school-aged children. Development and Psychopathology, 5, 389–402.
Eisenberg, N., & Fabes, R. (1995). The relation of young children's vicarious emotional responding to social competence, regulation and emotionality. Emotion and Cognition, 9, 203–208.
Erickson, E., Sroufe, A., & Egeland, B. (1985). The relationship between quality of attachment and behavior problems in a preschool high-risk sample. In I. Bretherton, & E. Waters (Eds.), Growing points of attachment theory and research. Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development, 50 (1–2, Serial No. 209).
Fagot, B. I., & Kavanagh, K. (1990). The prediction of antisocial behavior from avoidant attachment classifications. Child Development, 61, 864–873.
Goldberg, S., Corter, C., Lojkasek, M., & Minde, K. (1990). Prediction of behavior problems in four-year-olds born prematurely. Development and Psychopathology, 1, 15–30.
Goldberg, S., Gotowiec, A., & Simmons, R. (1995). Infant-mother attachment and behavior problems in healthy and chronically ill preschoolers. Development and Psychopathology, 7(2), 267–282.
Goldberg, S., Washington, J., Birenbaum, A., & Simmons, R. (1994, 06). Attachment in health and illness: infancy to preschool. In Moss, E. & Marvin, R. (Chairs), Attachment in the preschool years. Symposium conducted at the meeting of the International Society of Behavioral Development, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
Greenberg, M. T., & Speltz, M. L. (1988). Attachment and the ontogeny of conduct problems. In Belsky, J. & Nezworski, T. (Eds.), Clinical implications of attachment (pp. 177–218). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.
Greenberg, M. T., Speltz, M. L., De Klyen, M., & Endriga, M. C. (1991). Attachment security in preschoolers with and without externalizing behavior problems. A replication. Development and Psychopathology, 3, 413–430.
Howes, C., & Hamilton, C. (1992). Children's relationships with child care teachers: Stability and concordance with parental attachments. Child Development, 63(4), 467–878.
Jacobsen, T., Edelstein, W., & Hofmann, V. (1994). A longitudinal study of the relation between representations of attachment in childhood and cognitive functioning in childhood and adolescence. Developmental Psychology, 30, 112–124.
LaFreniere, P. J., Dubeau, D., Janosz, M., & Capuano, F. (1990). Profil socioaffectif de l'enfant d'age prescolaire. Revue Canadienne de Psycho-éducation, 19(1), 23–41.
LaFreniere, P. J., Dumas, J. E., Capuano, F., & Dubeau, D. (1992). The development and validation of the Preschool Socioaffective Profile. Psychological Assessment, 4, 442–450.
LaFreniere, P. J., & Sroufe, A. (1985). Profiles of peer competence in the preschool: Interrelations between measures, influence of social ecology, and relation to attachment history. Developmental Psychology, 21, 58–68.
Lewis, M., Fiering, C., McGuffog, C., & Jaskir, J. (1984). Predicting psychopathology in six-year-olds from early social relations. Child Development, 55, 123–136.
Lyons-Ruth, K., Alpern, L., & Repacholi, L. (1993). Disorganized infant attachment classification and maternal psychosocial problems as predictors of hostile-aggressive behavior in the preschool classroom. Child Development, 64, 572–585.
Lyons-Ruth, K., Repacholi, B., McLeod, S., & Silva, E. (1991). Disorganized attachment behavior in infancy: Short-term stability, maternal, and infant correlates, and risk-related subtypes. Development and Psychopathology, 3(4), 377–396.
Main, M., & Cassidy, J. (1988). Categories of response to reunion with the parent at age six: Predictable from infant attachment classifications and stable over a 1-month period. Developmental Psychology, 24(3), 415–526.
Main, M., Kaplan, N., & Cassidy, J. (1985). Security in infancy, childhood and adulthood: A move to the level of representation. Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development, 50 (1–2, Serial No. 209).
Main, M., & Solomon, J. (1990). Procedure for identifying infants as disorganized/disoriented during the Ainsworth Strange Situation. In Greenberg, M., Cicchetti, D. & Cummings, M. (Eds.), Attachment in the preschool years: Theory, research, and intervention (pp. 121–160). Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Main, M., & Weston, D. R. (1982). Avoidance of the attachment figure in infancy: Descriptions and interpretations. In Parkes, C. M. & Stevenson-Hinde, J. (Eds.), The place of attachment in human behavior (pp. 31–59). New York: Basic Books.
Park, K., & Waters, E. (1989). Security of attachment and preschool friendships. Child Development, 60, 1076–1081.
Radke-Yarrow, M., McCann, K., DeMulder, E., Belmont, B., Martinez, P., & Richardson, D. (1995). Attachment in the context of high-risk conditions. Development and Psychopathology, 7, 247–265.
Renken, B., Egeland, B., Marvinney, D., Manglesdorf, S., & Sroufe, L. A. (1989). Early childhood antecedents of aggression and passive-withdrawal in early elementary school. Journal of Personality, 57, 257–281.
Rutter, M., & Garmezy, N. (1983). Developmental psychopathology. In Hetherington, E. M. (Ed.), Mussen, P. H. (Series Ed.), Handbook of child psychology: personality and social development (pp. 775–911). New York: Wiley.
Shouldice, A., & Stevenson-Hinde, J. (1992). Coping with security distress: The Separation Anxiety Test and attachment classification at 4.5 years. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 33, 331–348.
Solomon, J., George, C., & de Jong, A. (1995). Children classified as controlling at age six: Evidence of disorganized representational strategies and aggression at home and at school. Development and Psychopathology, 7(3), 447–464.
Speltz, M. L., Greenberg, M. T., & De Klyen, M. (1990). Attachment in preschoolers with disruptive behavior: A comparison of clinic-referred and nonproblem children. Development and Psychopathology, 2, 31–46.
Sroufe, L. A. (1989). Relationships, self and individual adaptation. In Sameroff, A. & Emde, R. (Eds.), Relationship disturbances in early childhood (pp. 70–96). New York: Basic Books Inc.
Sroufe, L. A., & Fleeson, J. (1986). Attachment and the construction of relationships. In Hartup, W. & Rubin, Z. (Eds.), Relationships and development (pp. 51–71). New York: Cambridge University Press.
Sroufe, A., Fox, N., & Pancake, V. (1983). Attachment and dependency in developmental perspective. Child Development, 54, 1615–1627.
Stevenson-Hinde, J. (1988). Individuals in relationships. In Hinde, R. A. & Stevenson-Hinde, J. (Eds.), Relationships within families: Mutual influences (pp. 68–80). Oxford: Clarendon Press.
Stevenson-Hinde, J., & Shouldice, A. (1995). Maternal interactions and self-reports related to attachment classifications at 4.5 years. Child Development, 66(3), 583–596.
Suess, G., Grossmann, K. E., & Sroufe, L. A. (1992). Effects of infant attachment to mother and father on quality of adaptation in preschool: From dyadic to individual organization of self. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 15(1), 43–65.
Troy, M. & Sroufe, L. A. (1987). Victimization among preschoolers: The role of attachment relationship history. Journal of the American Academy of Child Psychiatry, 26, 166–172.
Turner, P. (1991). Relations between attachment, gender and behavior with peers in the preschool. Child Development, 62, 1475–1488.
Wartner, U. G., Grossman, K., Fremmer-Bombik, E., & Suess, G. (1994). Attachment patterns at age six in South Germany: Predictability from infancy and implications for preschool behavior. Child Development, 65, 1014–1027.
Youngblade, L. M., & Belsky, J. (1992). Parent-child antecedents of five-year-olds' close friendships: A longitudinal analysis. Developmental Psychology, 28(4), 700–713.