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Predictors and sequelae of trajectories of physical aggression in school-age boys and girls

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  26 January 2010

Susan B. Campbell
Affiliation:
University of Pittsburgh
Susan Spieker
Affiliation:
University of Washington
Nathan Vandergrift
Affiliation:
University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill
Jay Belsky
Affiliation:
Birkbeck University of London
Margaret Burchinal
Affiliation:
University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill
Corresponding
E-mail address:

Abstract

Teacher-rated trajectories of physical aggression in boys and girls from first through sixth grade were examined using data from the NICHD Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development. In separate analyses, four trajectories were identified in boys and three in girls. Higher levels of aggression in both boys and girls were related to greater sociodemographic risk and higher maternal harshness in the preschool years; lower levels of observed maternal sensitivity during early childhood also predicted higher trajectories of aggression among girls. Trajectory groups also differed on a range of social and academic adjustment outcomes in sixth grade, with the most aggressive children and even moderately aggressive children evidencing some difficulties in adjustment. Patterns and levels of aggression in boys and girls are discussed as are their predictors and consequences.

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Regular Articles
Copyright
Copyright © Cambridge University Press 2010

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