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Parental rearing and personality traits as predictors for adolescents with obsessive–compulsive disorder (OCD)

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  12 January 2021

Yafeng Zhang
Affiliation:
Department of Health Education, School of Health Management, Harbin Medical University, Harbin, China
Wei Tian
Affiliation:
Department of Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Harbin Medical University, Harbin, China
Chao Wang*
Affiliation:
Department of Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Harbin Medical University, Harbin, China
Bin Guo
Affiliation:
Department of Humanities and Social Sciences, Harbin Medical University (Daqing), Daqing, China
Guangcan Yan
Affiliation:
Department of Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Harbin Medical University, Harbin, China
Hui Yin
Affiliation:
Department of Health Education, School of Health Management, Harbin Medical University, Harbin, China
Zuoming Zhang
Affiliation:
Department of Health Education, School of Health Management, Harbin Medical University, Harbin, China
Yuchun Tao
Affiliation:
Department of Health Education, School of Health Management, Harbin Medical University, Harbin, China
Yixin Liu
Affiliation:
Department of Health Education, School of Health Management, Harbin Medical University, Harbin, China
Quan Zhou
Affiliation:
Department of Health Education, School of Health Management, Harbin Medical University, Harbin, China
Limin Wang*
Affiliation:
Department of Health Education, School of Health Management, Harbin Medical University, Harbin, China
*
Author for Correspondence: Limin Wang, School of Health Management, Harbin Medical University, No.157 Baojian Road, Harbin, 150081, China; E-mail: wanglimin2008@163.com.
Author for Correspondence: Limin Wang, School of Health Management, Harbin Medical University, No.157 Baojian Road, Harbin, 150081, China; E-mail: wanglimin2008@163.com.

Abstract

We aim to determine the correlation between parental rearing, personality traits, and obsessive–compulsive disorder (OCD) in different quantiles. In particular, we created an intermediary effect model in which parental rearing affects OCD through personality traits. All predictors were measured at the time of the survey, comprising parental rearing (paternal rearing and maternal rearing), demographics (grade and gender), and personality traits (neuroticism, extroversion, and psychoticism). These results suggest that (a) paternal emotional warmth was negatively correlated with OCD at the 0.40–0.80 quantile, while maternal emotional warmth was positively correlated with the OCD at the 0.45–0.69 quantile. (b) The correlation between negative parental rearing and OCD ranged from the 0.67 to 0.95 quantile for paternal punishment, 0.14–0.82 quantile for paternal overprotection, 0.05–0.36 and >0.50 quantile for maternal over-intervention and overprotection, and 0.08–0.88 quantile for maternal rejection. (c) Extroversion, neuroticism, and psychoticism were not only associated with OCD in a particular quantile but also mediated between parental rearing (namely parental emotional warmth, paternal punishment, paternal overprotection, maternal rejection, maternal over-intervention, and overprotection) and OCD. These findings provide targets for early interventions of OCD to improve the form of family education and personality traits and warrant validation.

Type
Regular Article
Copyright
© The Author(s), 2021. Published by Cambridge University Press

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