Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
Hostname: page-component-55597f9d44-xbgml Total loading time: 0.768 Render date: 2022-08-09T07:58:57.249Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "shouldUseShareProductTool": true, "shouldUseHypothesis": true, "isUnsiloEnabled": true, "useRatesEcommerce": false, "useNewApi": true } hasContentIssue true

Adolescent girls’ stress responses as prospective predictors of self-injurious thoughts and behaviors: A person-centered, multilevel study

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  25 March 2021

Jason José Bendezú*
Affiliation:
The Institute of Child Development, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, USA
Casey D. Calhoun
Affiliation:
Department of Psychiatry, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, NC, USA
Megan W. Patterson
Affiliation:
Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC, USA
Abigail Findley
Affiliation:
Department of Psychology and Neuroscience, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, NC, USA
Karen D. Rudolph
Affiliation:
Department of Psychology, University of Illinois, Urbana, IL, USA
Paul Hastings
Affiliation:
Department of Psychology, University of California – Davis, CA, USA
Matthew K. Nock
Affiliation:
Department of Psychology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, USA
Mitchell J. Prinstein
Affiliation:
Department of Psychology and Neuroscience, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, NC, USA
*
Author for Correspondence: Jason José Bendezú, Institute of Child Development, 206A ChDev, 51 E River Parkway, Minneapolis, MN 55455; E-mail: bende369@umn.edu

Abstract

Adolescent risk for self-injurious thoughts and behaviors (STBs) involves disturbance across multiple systems (e.g., affective valence, arousal regulatory, cognitive and social processes). However, research integrating information across these systems is lacking. Utilizing a multiple-levels-of-analysis approach, this person-centered study identified psychobiological stress response profiles and linked them to cognitive processes, interpersonal behaviors, and STBs. At baseline, adolescent girls (N = 241, Mage = 14.68 years, Range = 12–17) at risk for STBs completed the Trier Social Stress Test (TSST), questionnaires, and STB interviews. Positive affect (PA), negative affect (NA), and salivary cortisol (SC) were assessed before and after the TSST. STBs were assessed again during 3, 6, and 9 month follow-up interviews. Multitrajectory modeling of girls’ PA, NA, and SC revealed four profiles, which were compared on cognitive and behavioral correlates as well as STB outcomes. Relative to normative, girls in the affective distress, hyperresponsive, and hyporesponsive subgroups were more likely to report negative cognitive style (all three groups) and excessive reassurance seeking (hyporesponsive only) at baseline, as well as nonsuicidal self-injury (all three groups) and suicidal ideation and attempt (hyporesponsive only) at follow-up. Girls’ close friendship characteristics moderated several profile–STB links. A synthesis of the findings is presented alongside implications for person-centered tailoring of intervention efforts.

Type
Regular Articles
Copyright
Copyright © The Author(s), 2021. Published by Cambridge University Press

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)

References

Allen, J. P., & Miga, E. M. (2010). Attachment in adolescence: A move to the level of emotion regulation. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 27, 181190.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Auerbach, R. P., Ho, M. H. R., & Kim, J. C. (2014). Identifying cognitive and interpersonal predictors of adolescent depression. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 42 (6), 913924.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Auerbach, R. P., Millner, A. J., Stewart, J. G., & Esposito, E. C. (2015). Identifying differences between depressed adolescent suicide ideators and attempters. Journal of Affective Disorders, 186, 127133.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Beauchaine, T. P., Hinshaw, S. P., & Bridge, J. A. (2019). Nonsuicidal self-injury and suicidal behaviors in girls: The case for targeted prevention in preadolescence. Clinical Psychological Science, 7, 643667.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Bergman, L. R., & Magnusson, D. (1997). A person-oriented approach in research on developmental psychopathology. Development and Psychopathology, 9, 291319.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Block, J. (1971). Lives through time. Berkeley, Calif.: Bancroft Books.Google Scholar
Brezo, J., Paris, J., & Turecki, G. (2006). Personality traits as correlates of suicidal ideation, suicide attempts, and suicide completions: A systematic review. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 113, 180206.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Burke, T. A., Connolly, S. L., Hamilton, J. L., Stange, J. P., Abramson, L. Y., & Alloy, L. B. (2016). Cognitive risk and protective factors for suicidal ideation: A two year longitudinal study in adolescence. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 44 (6), 11451160.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Cacioppo, J. T., Berntson, G. G., Sheridan, J. F., & McClintock, M. K. (2000). Multilevel integrative analyses of human behavior: Social neuroscience and the complementing nature of social and biological approaches. Psychological Bulletin, 126, 829.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Calhoun, C. D., Helms, S. W., Heilbron, N., Rudolph, K. D., Hastings, P. D., & Prinstein, M. J. (2014). Relational victimization, friendship, and adolescents’ hypothalamic–pituitary–adrenal axis responses to an in vivo social stressor. Development and Psychopathology, 26, 605618.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Caron, A., Lafontaine, M. F., & Bureau, J. F. (2017). Linking romantic attachment and self-injury: The roles of the behavioural systems. Journal of Relationships Research, 8, 114.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Cha, C. B., Franz, P. J., M. Guzmán, E., Glenn, C. R., Kleiman, E. M., & Nock, M. K. (2018). Annual research review: Suicide among youth–epidemiology, (potential) etiology, and treatment. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 59, 460482.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Cha, C. B., Wilson, K. M., Tezanos, K. M., DiVasto, K. A., & Tolchin, G. K. (2019). Cognition and self-injurious thoughts and behaviors: A systematic review of longitudinal studies. Clinical Psychology Review, 69, 97111.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Chorpita, B. F., & Daleiden, E. L. (2002). Tripartite dimensions of emotion in a child clinical sample: Measurement strategies and implications for clinical utility. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 70, 1150.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Cicchetti, D., & Dawson, G. (2002). Multiple levels of analysis. Development and Psychopathology, 14, 417420.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Clark, L. A., & Watson, D. (1991). Tripartite model of anxiety and depression: Psychometric evidence and taxonomic implications. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 100, 316.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Costello, E. J., & Angold, A. (1988). Scales to assess child and adolescent depression: Checklists, screens, and nets. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 27, 726737.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Courtney-Seidler, E. A., Burns, K., Zilber, I., & Miller, A. L. (2014). Adolescent suicide and self-injury: Deepening the understanding of the biosocial theory and applying dialectical behavior therapy. International Journal of Behavioral Consultation and Therapy, 9, 35.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Craske, M. G., Meuret, A. E., Ritz, T., Treanor, M., & Dour, H. J. (2016). Treatment for anhedonia: A neuroscience driven approach. Depression and Anxiety, 33, 927938.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Crowell, S. E., Beauchaine, T. P., & Linehan, M. M. (2009). A biosocial developmental model of borderline personality: Elaborating and extending Linehan's theory. Psychological Bulletin, 135, 495.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Czyz, E. K., Liu, Z., & King, C. A. (2012). Social connectedness and one-year trajectories among suicidal adolescents following psychiatric hospitalization. Journal of Clinical Child & Adolescent Psychology, 41, 214226.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Davis, E. P., Bruce, J., & Gunnar, M. R. (2002). The anterior attention network: Associations with temperament and neuroendocrine activity in 6-year-old children. Developmental Psychobiology, 40, 4356.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Del Giudice, M., Hinnant, J. B., Ellis, B. J., & El-Sheikh, M. (2012). Adaptive patterns of stress responsivity: A preliminary investigation. Developmental Psychology, 48, 775.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
De Los Reyes, A., Augenstein, T. M., Wang, M., Thomas, S. A., Drabick, D. A., Burgers, D. E., & Rabinowitz, J. (2015). The validity of the multi-informant approach to assessing child and adolescent mental health. Psychological Bulletin, 141, 858.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Doom, J. R., & Gunnar, M. R. (2013). Stress physiology and developmental psychopathology: Past, present, and future. Development and Psychopathology, 25, 13591373.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Eisenlohr-Moul, T. A., Miller, A. B., Giletta, M., Hastings, P. D., Rudolph, K. D., Nock, M. K., & Prinstein, M. J. (2018). HPA axis response and psychosocial stress as interactive predictors of suicidal ideation and behavior in adolescent females: A multilevel diathesis-stress framework. Neuropsychopharmacology, 43, 25642571.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Enns, M. W., Cox, B. J., & Inayatulla, M. (2003). Personality predictors of outcome for adolescents hospitalized for suicidal ideation. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 42, 720727.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Fergusson, D. M., Woodward, L. J., & Horwood, L. J. (2000). Risk factors and life processes associated with the onset of suicidal behaviour during adolescence and early adulthood. Psychological Medicine, 30, 2339.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Franklin, J. C., Lee, K. M., Hanna, E. K., & Prinstein, M. J. (2013). Feeling worse to feel better: Pain-offset relief simultaneously stimulates positive affect and reduces negative affect. Psychological Science, 24, 521529.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Furman, W., & Buhrmester, D. (1985). Children's perceptions of the personal relationships in their social networks. Developmental Psychology, 21, 1016.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Giletta, M., Calhoun, C. D., Hastings, P. D., Rudolph, K. D., Nock, M. K., & Prinstein, M. J. (2015). Multi-level risk factors for suicidal ideation among at-risk adolescent females: The role of hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis responses to stress. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 43 (5), 807820.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Gillett, D. A., & Mazza, S. J. (2018). Clarifying a construct: An integrative functional model of reassurance-seeking behaviors. Journal of Rational-Emotive & Cognitive-Behavior Therapy, 36, 362377.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Glenn, C. R., Cha, C. B., Kleiman, E. M., & Nock, M. K. (2017). Understanding suicide risk within the research domain criteria (RDoc) framework: Insights, challenges, and future research considerations. Clinical Psychological Science, 5, 568592.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Gordis, E. B., Granger, D. A., Susman, E. J., & Trickett, P. K. (2006). Asymmetry between salivary cortisol and α-amylase reactivity to stress: Relation to aggressive behavior in adolescents. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 31 (8), 976987.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Granger, D. A., Hibel, L. C., Fortunato, C. K., & Kapelewski, C. H. (2009). Medication effects on salivary cortisol: Tactics and strategy to minimize impact in behavioral and developmental science. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 34, 14371448.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Guerry, J. D., & Hastings, P. D. (2011). In search of HPA axis dysregulation in child and adolescent depression. Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review, 14, 135160.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Gunnar, M. R., Frenn, K., Wewerka, S. S., & Van Ryzin, M. J. (2009). Moderate versus severe early life stress: Associations with stress reactivity and regulation in 10–12-year-old children. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 34, 6275.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Gunnar, M. R., Talge, N. M., & Herrera, A. (2009). Stressor paradigms in developmental studies: What does and does not work to produce mean increases in salivary cortisol. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 34 (7), 953967.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hamza, C. A., Willoughby, T., & Heffer, T. (2015). Impulsivity and nonsuicidal self-injury: A review and meta-analysis. Clinical Psychology Review, 38, 1324.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Hankin, B. L. (2008). Cognitive vulnerability–stress model of depression during adolescence: Investigating depressive symptom specificity in a multi-wave prospective study. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 36, 9991014.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hankin, B. L. (2012). Future directions in vulnerability to depression among youth: Integrating risk factors and processes across multiple levels of analysis. Journal of Clinical Child & Adolescent Psychology, 41, 695718.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Hankin, B. L., & Abela, J. R. (2011). Nonsuicidal self-injury in adolescence: Prospective rates and risk factors in a 2 ½ year longitudinal study. Psychiatry Research, 186, 6570.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hankin, B. L., & Abramson, L. Y. (2001). Development of gender differences in depression: An elaborated cognitive vulnerability–transactional stress theory. Psychological Bulletin, 127 (6), 773.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Hankin, B. L., & Abramson, L. Y. (2002). Measuring cognitive vulnerability to depression in adolescence: Reliability, validity, and gender differences. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 31, 491504.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Hankin, B. L., Wetter, E., Cheely, C., & Oppenheimer, C. W. (2008). Beck's cognitive theory of depression in adolescence: Specific prediction of depressive symptoms and reciprocal influences in a multi-wave prospective study. International Journal of Cognitive Therapy, 1, 313332.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hankin, B. L., Wetter, E. K., & Flory, K. (2012). Appetitive motivation and negative emotion reactivity among remitted depressed youth. Journal of Clinical Child & Adolescent Psychology, 41, 611620.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Hayden, E. P., Hankin, B. L., Mackrell, S. V., Sheikh, H. I., Jordan, P. L., Dozois, D. J., … Badanes, L. S. (2014). Parental depression and child cognitive vulnerability predict children's cortisol reactivity. Development and Psychopathology, 26, 14451460.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Hayes, S. C., Strosahl, K. D., & Wilson, K. G. (1999). Acceptance and commitment therapy: An experiential approach to behavior change. New York, NY: Guilford Press.Google Scholar
Hooley, J. M., & Fox, K. R. (2019). Pain and self-criticism: A benefits and barriers approach to NSSI. In J. J. Washburn (Ed.), Nonsuicidal self-injury (pp. 4158). New York, NY: Routledge.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hoyt, L. T., Craske, M. G., Mineka, S., & Adam, E. K. (2015). Positive and negative affect and arousal: Cross-sectional and longitudinal associations with adolescent cortisol diurnal rhythms. Psychosomatic Medicine, 77, 392.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Joiner, T. (2005). Why people die by suicide. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
Joiner, T. E. (1999). A test of interpersonal theory of depression in youth psychiatric inpatients. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 27, 7785.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Joiner, T. E. Jr, Catanzaro, S. J., & Laurent, J. (1996). Tripartite structure of positive and negative affect, depression, and anxiety in child and adolescent psychiatric inpatients. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 105, 401.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Joiner, T. E. Jr, & Metalsky, G. I. (2001). Excessive reassurance seeking: Delineating a risk factor involved in the development of depressive symptoms. Psychological Science, 12, 371378.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Jones, B. L., Nagin, D. S., & Roeder, K. (2001). A SAS procedure based on mixture models for estimating developmental trajectories. Sociological Methods & Research, 29 (3), 374393.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kaess, M., Hille, M., Parzer, P., Maser-Gluth, C., Resch, F., & Brunner, R. (2012). Alterations in the neuroendocrinological stress response to acute psychosocial stress in adolescents engaging in nonsuicidal self-injury. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 37, 157161.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Kerr, D. C., Preuss, L. J., & King, C. A. (2006). Suicidal adolescents’ social support from family and peers: Gender-specific associations with psychopathology. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 34, 99110.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Kim, J., Dubowitz, H., Hudson-Martin, E., & Lane, W. (2008). Comparison of 3 data collection methods for gathering sensitive and less sensitive information. Ambulatory Pediatrics, 8, 255260.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Klonsky, E. D., & May, A. (2010). Rethinking impulsivity in suicide. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior, 40, 612619.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Koss, K. J., Cummings, E. M., Davies, P. T., & Cicchetti, D. (2017). Patterns of adolescent regulatory responses during family conflict and mental health trajectories. Journal of Research on Adolescence, 27, 229245.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Kotov, R., Krueger, R. F., Watson, D., Achenbach, T. M., Althoff, R. R., Bagby, R. M., … Eaton, N. R. (2017). The hierarchical taxonomy of psychopathology (HiTOP): A dimensional alternative to traditional nosologies. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 126, 454.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Laurent, J., Catanzaro, S. J., Joiner, T. E. Jr, Rudolph, K. D., Potter, K. I., Lambert, S., … Gathright, T. (1999). A measure of positive and negative affect for children: Scale development and preliminary validation. Psychological Assessment, 11, 326.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Linehan, M. M. (1993). Skills training manual for treating borderline personality disorder. New York, NY: Guilford Press.Google Scholar
Linehan, M. M. (2018). Cognitive-behavioral treatment of borderline personality disorder. New York, NY: Guilford Publications.Google Scholar
Little, R. J. (1988). A test of missing completely at random for multivariate data with missing values. Journal of the American Statistical Association, 83, 11981202.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Lopez-Duran, N. L., Kovacs, M., & George, C. J. (2009). Hypothalamic–pituitary–adrenal axis dysregulation in depressed children and adolescents: A meta-analysis. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 34, 12721283.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Mathew, S. J., Coplan, J. D., Goetz, R. R., Feder, A., Greenwald, S., Dahl, R. E., … Weissman, M. M. (2003). Differentiating depressed adolescent 24 h cortisol secretion in light of their adult clinical outcome. Neuropsychopharmacology, 28, 13361343.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Mauss, I. B., Levenson, R. W., McCarter, L., Wilhelm, F. H., & Gross, J. J. (2005). The tie that binds? Coherence among emotion experience, behavior, and physiology. Emotion, 5, 175.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Miller, A. B., Eisenlohr-Moul, T., Giletta, M., Hastings, P. D., Rudolph, K. D., Nock, M. K., & Prinstein, M. J. (2017). A within-person approach to risk for suicidal ideation and suicidal behavior: Examining the roles of depression, stress, and abuse exposure. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 85 (7), 712.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Miller, A. B., Linthicum, K. P., Helms, S. W., Giletta, M., Rudolph, K. D., Hastings, P. D., … Prinstein, M. J. (2018). Reciprocal associations between adolescent girls’ chronic interpersonal stress and nonsuicidal self-injury: A multi-wave prospective investigation. Journal of Adolescent Health, 63 (6), 694700.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Miller, R., & Plessow, F. (2013). Transformation techniques for cross-sectional and longitudinal endocrine data: Application to salivary cortisol concentrations. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 38, 941946.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Miller, A. B., & Prinstein, M. J. (2019). Adolescent suicide as a failure of acute stress-response systems. Annual Review of Clinical Psychology, 15, 425.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Moretti, M. M., & Peled, M. (2004). Adolescent-parent attachment: Bonds that support healthy development. Paediatrics and Child Health, 9, 551555.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Mufson, L., Moreau, D., Weissman, M. M., & Klerman, G. (1993). Interpersonal psychotherapy for depressed adolescents. New York, NY: Guilford Press.Google Scholar
Nagin, D. S. (2005). Group-based modeling of development. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Nagin, D. S., Jones, B. L., Passos, V. L., & Tremblay, R. E. (2018). Group-based multi-trajectory modeling. Statistical Methods in Medical Research, 27, 20152023.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Nock, M. K. (2009). Why do people hurt themselves? New insights into the nature and functions of self-injury. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 18 (2), 7883.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Nock, M. K., Borges, G., Bromet, E. J., Alonso, J., Angermeyer, M., Beautrais, A., … Williams, D. (2008). Cross-national prevalence and risk factors for suicidal ideation, plans and attempts. The British Journal of Psychiatry, 192 (2), 98105.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Nock, M. K., Holmberg, E. B., Photos, V. I., & Michel, B. D. (2007). Self-injurious thoughts and behaviors interview: Development, reliability, and validity in an adolescent sample. Psychological Assessment, 19, 309317.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Nock, M. K., & Prinstein, M. J. (2004). A functional approach to the assessment of self-mutilative behavior. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 72, 885.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Olino, T. M., Lopez-Duran, N. L., Kovacs, M., George, C. J., Gentzler, A. L., & Shaw, D. S. (2011). Developmental trajectories of positive and negative affect in children at high and low familial risk for depressive disorder. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 52, 792799.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Owens, S. A., Helms, S. W., Rudolph, K. D., Hastings, P. D., Nock, M. K., & Prinstein, M. J. (2019). Interpersonal stress severity longitudinally predicts adolescent girls’ depressive symptoms: The moderating role of subjective and HPA axis stress responses. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 47, 895905.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Patton, G. C., Hemphill, S. A., Beyers, J. M., Bond, L., Toumbourou, J. W., Mc Morris, B. J., & Catalano, R. F. (2007). Pubertal stage and deliberate self-harm in adolescents. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 46, 508514.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Petersen, A. C., Crockett, L., Richards, M., & Boxer, A. (1988). A self-report measure of pubertal status: Reliability, validity, and initial norms. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 17, 117133.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Prinstein, M. J., Borelli, J. L., Cheah, C. S., Simon, V. A., & Aikins, J. W. (2005). Adolescent girls’ interpersonal vulnerability to depressive symptoms: A longitudinal examination of reassurance-seeking and peer relationships. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 114, 676.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Rathus, J. H., & Miller, A. L. (2014). DBT skills manual for adolescents. New York, NY: Guilford Press.Google Scholar
Rimkeviciene, J., & De Leo, D. (2015). Impulsive suicide attempts: A systematic literature review of definitions, characteristics and risk factors. Journal of Affective Disorders, 171, 93104.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Rizzo, C. J., Esposito-Smythers, C., Swenson, L., Hower, H. M., Wolff, J., & Spirito, A. (2014). Dating violence victimization, dispositional aggression, and nonsuicidal self-injury among psychiatrically hospitalized male and female adolescents. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior, 44, 338351.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Rudolph, K. D. (2002). Gender differences in emotional responses to interpersonal stress during adolescence. Journal of Adolescent Health, 4, 313.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Rudolph, K. D., Kurlakowsky, K. D., & Conley, C. S. (2001). Developmental and social–contextual origins of depressive control-related beliefs and behavior. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 25, 447475.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Schreiner, M. W., Klimes-Dougan, B., Begnel, E. D., & Cullen, K. R. (2015). Conceptualizing the neurobiology of non-suicidal self-injury from the perspective of the research domain criteria project. Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews, 57, 381391.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Scott, L. N., Pilkonis, P. A., Hipwell, A. E., Keenan, K., & Stepp, S. D. (2015). Non-suicidal self-injury and suicidal ideation as predictors of suicide attempts in adolescent girls: A multi-wave prospective study. Comprehensive Psychiatry, 58, 110.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Slavich, G. M., & Irwin, M. R. (2014). From stress to inflammation and major depressive disorder: A social signal transduction theory of depression. Psychological Bulletin, 140, 774.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Spear, L. P. (2009). Heightened stress responsivity and emotional reactivity during pubertal maturation: Implications for psychopathology. Development and Psychopathology, 21, 8797.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Tackett, J. L., Lahey, B. B., Van Hulle, C., Waldman, I., Krueger, R. F., & Rathouz, P. J. (2013). Common genetic influences on negative emotionality and a general psychopathology factor in childhood and adolescence. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 122, 1142.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Turpyn, C. C., Chaplin, T. M., Cook, E. C., & Martelli, A. M. (2015). A person-centered approach to adolescent emotion regulation: Associations with psychopathology and parenting. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 136, 116.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Van Ryzin, M. J., Chatham, M., Kryzer, E., Kertes, D. A., & Gunnar, M. R. (2009). Identifying atypical cortisol patterns in young children: The benefits of group-based trajectory modeling. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 34, 5061.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Vinograd, M., & Craske, M. G. (2020). Using neuroscience to augment behavioral interventions for depression. Harvard Review of Psychiatry, 28 (1), 1425.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
von Eye, A., & Bogat, G. A. (2006). Person-oriented and variable-oriented research: Concepts, results, and development. Merrill-Palmer Quarterly (1982-), 52(3), 390420.Google Scholar
Whiteside, S. P., & Lynam, D. R. (2001). The five factor model and impulsivity: Using a structural model of personality to understand impulsivity. Personality and Individual Differences, 30, 669689.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Yen, S., Weinstock, L. M., Andover, M. S., Sheets, E. S., Selby, E. A., & Spirito, A. (2013). Prospective predictors of adolescent suicidality: 6-month post-hospitalization follow-up. Psychological Medicine, 43, 983993.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Zahn-Waxler, C., Shirtcliff, E. A., & Marceau, K. (2008). Disorders of childhood and adolescence: Gender and psychopathology. Annual Review of Clinical Psychology, 4, 275303.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
1
Cited by

Save article to Kindle

To save this article to your Kindle, first ensure coreplatform@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about saving to your Kindle.

Note you can select to save to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be saved to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

Adolescent girls’ stress responses as prospective predictors of self-injurious thoughts and behaviors: A person-centered, multilevel study
Available formats
×

Save article to Dropbox

To save this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you used this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Dropbox account. Find out more about saving content to Dropbox.

Adolescent girls’ stress responses as prospective predictors of self-injurious thoughts and behaviors: A person-centered, multilevel study
Available formats
×

Save article to Google Drive

To save this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you used this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Google Drive account. Find out more about saving content to Google Drive.

Adolescent girls’ stress responses as prospective predictors of self-injurious thoughts and behaviors: A person-centered, multilevel study
Available formats
×
×

Reply to: Submit a response

Please enter your response.

Your details

Please enter a valid email address.

Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *