Published online by Cambridge University Press: 01 July 2008
For a graph G and an integer t we let mcct(G) be the smallest m such that there exists a colouring of the vertices of G by t colours with no monochromatic connected subgraph having more than m vertices. Let
It is also interesting to consider graphs of bounded degrees. Haxell, Szabó and Tardos proved mcc2(G) ≤ 20000 for every graph G of maximum degree 5. We show that there are n-vertex 7-regular graphs G with mcc2(G)=Ω(n), and more sharply, for every ϵ > 0 there exists cϵ > 0 and n-vertex graphs of maximum degree 7, average degree at most 6 + ϵ for all subgraphs, and with mcc2(G) ≥ cϵn. For 6-regular graphs it is known only that the maximum order of magnitude of mcc2 is between and n.
We also offer a Ramsey-theoretic perspective of the quantity mcct(G).
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