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Error-processing abnormalities in pediatric anxiety and obsessive compulsive disorders

  • Kate D. Fitzgerald (a1) and Stephan F. Taylor (a1)

Abstract

Anxiety and obsessive compulsive disorders are among the earliest occurring psychopathology and may derive from atypical maturation of neural networks for error processing. Psychological models have alternately suggested that over-detection of errors, excessive caring about errors, or failure of errors to elicit regulatory control could associate with the expression of anxiety. In this review article, the potential relevance of error processing for anxiety and obsessive compulsive disorders is described in the context of neurophysiological and functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) research demonstrating altered brain response to errors in pediatric and adult patients. Finally, hypotheses about developmentally sensitive mechanisms of anxiety and obsessive compulsive disorders are drawn from the extant literature, and avenues for clinical translation are discussed.

Copyright

Corresponding author

*Address for correspondence, Kate Fitzgerald, MD, University of Michigan – Psychiatry, 4250 Plymouth Rd., Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA. (Email: krd@med.umich.edu)

References

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Keywords

Error-processing abnormalities in pediatric anxiety and obsessive compulsive disorders

  • Kate D. Fitzgerald (a1) and Stephan F. Taylor (a1)

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