1.Otto, MW. Normal and abnormal information processing. Psychiatr Clin North Am. 1992;15:825–848.
2.Gruzelier, JH. Syndromes of schizophrenia and schizotypy, hemispheric imbalance and sex differences: implications for developmental psychopathology. Int J Psychophysiol. 1994;18:167–178.
3.Lohr, JB, Caligiuri, MP. Lateralized hemispheric dysfunction in the major psychotic disorders: historical perspectives and findings from a study of motor asymmetry in older patients. Schizophr Res. 1997;27:191–198.
4.Coplan, JD, Lydiard, RB. Brain circuits in panic disorder. Biol Psychiatry. 1998;44:1264–1276.
5.Cohen, J. Theoretical interpretations of lateral asymmetries. In: Beaumont, JG, ed. Divided Visual Field Studies of Cerebral Organization. London, England: Academic Press; 1982:87–111.
6.Bradshaw, JL, Nettleton, NC. The nature of hemispheric specialization in man. Behav Brain Sci. 1981;4:51–91.
7.LeMay, M. Radiological, developmental and fossil asymmetries. In: Geschwind, N, Galaburda, AlM, eds. Cerebral Dominance. The Biological Foundations. Cambridge, Mass: Harvard University Press; 1984:26–42.
8.Scheibel, AB. A dendritic correlate of human speech. In: Geschwind, N, Galaburda, AM, eds. Cerebral Dominance. The Biological Foundations. Cambridge, Mass: Harvard University Press; 1984:43–52.
9.Szelag, E, Wasilewski, R, Fersten, E. Hemispheric differences in the perception of words and faces in deaf and hearing children. Scand J Psychol. 1992;33:1–11.
10.Szelag, E, Wasilewski, R. The effect of congenital deafness on cerebral asymetry in the perception of emotional and non-emotional faces. Acta Psychol. 1992;79:45–57.
11.Grabowska, A, Herman, A, Nowicka, A, et al.Individual differences in the functional asymmetry of the human brain. Acta Neurobiol Exp. 1994;54:155–162.
12.Levy, J. Psychological implications of bilateral asymmetry. In: Dimond, S, Beaumont, JG, eds. Hemisphere Function in the Human Brain. London, England: Paul Elek; 1974.
13.Levy, J, Gur, RC. Individual differences in psychoneurological organization. In: Herron, J, ed. The Neuropsychology of Left-handedness. New York, NY: Academic Press; 1980.
14.Semmes, J. Hemispheric specialization: a possible clue to mechanism. Neuropsychologia. 1968;6:11–26.
15.Burgess, C, Simpson, GB. Cerebral hemispheric mechanisms in the retrieval of ambiguous word meanings. Brain Lang. 1988;33:86–103.
16.Safer, MA, Leventhal, H. Ear differences in evaluating emotional tones of voice and verbal content. J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform. 1977;3:75–82.
17.Tucker, DM, Williamson, PA. Asymmetric neural control systems in human self-regulation. Psychol Rev. 1984;91:185–215.
18.Tucker, DM. Developing emotions and cortical networks. In: Gunner, MR, Nelson, CA, eds. Minnesota Symposium on Child Psychology. Vol 24. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum; 1992:75–128.
19.Milner, B. Some cognitive effects of frontal-lobe lesions in man. Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci. 1982;298:211–226.
20.Milner, B, Petrides, M. Behavioural effects of frontal lobe lesions in man. Trends Neurosci. 1984;7:403–407.
21.Goldberg, E, Podell, K. Hemispheric specialization, cognitive novelty, and the frontal lobes. In: Jasper, H, Goldman-Rakic, PS, Riggio, S, eds. Epilepsy and the Functional Anatomy of the Frontal Lobe. New York, NY: Raven Press; 1994.
22.Flor-Henry, P. Lateralized temporo-limbic dysfunction and psychopathology. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 1976;280:777–795.
23.Flor-Henry, P. Laterality, shifts of cerebral dominance, sinistrality and psychosis. In: Gruzelier, JH, Flor-Henry, P, eds. Hemisphere Asymmetries of Function in Psychopathology. Amsterdam, The Netherlands: Elsevier, 1979:3–19.
24.Galderisi, S, Maj, M, Mucci, A, et al.Lateralization patterns of verbal stimuli processing assessed by reaction time and event-related potentials in schizophrenic patients. Int J Psychophysiol. 1988;6:167–176.
25.Crow, TJ, Ball, J, Bloom, SR, et al.Schizophrenia as an anomaly of development of cerebral, asymmetry: a postmortem study and a proposal concerning the genetic basis of the disease. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1989;46:1145–1150.
26.Gur, RE, Resnick, SM, Gur, RC. Laterality and frontality of cerebral blood flow and metabolism in schizophrenia: relationship to symptom specificity. Psychiatry Res. 1989;27:325–334.
27.Kemali, D, Galderisi, S, Maj, M, et al.Lateralization patterns of event-related potential and performance indices in schizophrenia: relationship to clinical state and neuroleptic treatment. Int J Psychophysiol. 1991;10:225–230.
28.Lohr, JB, Caligiuri, MP. Motor asymmetry, a neurobiologic abnormality in the major psychoses. Psychiatry Res. 1995;57:279–282.
29.Boklage, CE. Schizophrenia, brain asymmetry development and twinning: cellular relationship with etiological and possibly prognostic implications. Biol Psychiatry. 1977;12:19–35.
30.Gur, RE. Motoric laterality in schizophrenia. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1977;34:33–37.
31.Gur, RE. Left hemisphere dysfunction and left hemisphere overactivation in schizophrenia. J Abnorm Psychol. 1978;87:226–238.
32.Bracha, HS. Asymmetric rotational (circling) behavior, a dopamine-related asymmetry: preliminary findings in unmedicated and never-medicated schizophrenic patients. Biol Psychiatry. 1987;22:995–1002.
33.Lerner, J, Nachson, I, Carmon, A. Responses of paranoid and nonparanoid schizophrenia in a dichotic listening task. J New Ment Dis. 1977;164:247–252.
34.Lishman, W, Toone, B, Colbourn, C, et al.Dichotic listening in psychotic patients. Br J Psychiatry. 1978;132:333–341.
35.Galderisi, S, Mucci, A, Maj, M, Kemali, D. Abnormalities of hemispheric lateralization in schizophrenic patients: a study using event-related potentials. New Trends Exp Clin Psychiatr. 1994;10:25–29.
36.Wexler, BE, Giller, EL, Southwick, S. Cerebral laterality, symptoms, and diagnosis in psychotic patients. Biol Psychiatry. 1991;29:103–116.
37.Posner, MI, Early, TS, Reiman, E, et al.Asymmetries in hemispheric control of attention in schizophrenia. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1988;45:814–821.
38.Early, TS, Posner, I, Reiman, EM, et al.Hyperactivity of the left striato-pallidal projection: part I. lower level theory. Psychiatr Dev. 1989;2:85–108.
39.Wigal, SB, Potkin, SG, Raja, P, et al.Asymmetries in attention filtering in left and right visual fields in schizophrenic patients. Schizophr Res. 1991;27:396.
40.Luchins, DJ, Weinberger, DR, Wyatt, RJ. Schizophrenia: evidence for a subgroup with reversed cerebral asymmetry. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1979;36:1309–1311.
41.Luchins, DJ, Weinberger, DR, Wyatt, RJ. Schizophrenia and cerebral asymmetry detected by computed tomography. Am J Psychiatry. 1982;139:753–757.
42.Barta, PE, Pearlson, GD, Powers, RE, et al.Auditory hallucinations and smaller superior temporal gyrus volume in schizophrenia. Am J Psychiatry. 1990;147:1457–1462.
43.Rossi, A, Stratta, P, Di Michele, V, et al.Temporal lobe structure by magnetic resonance in bipolar affective disorders and schizophrenia. J Affect Disord. 1991;21:19–22.
44.Shenton, M, Kikinis, R, Jolsz, FA, et al.Abnormalities of the left temporal lobe and thought disorder in schizophrenia: a quantitative magnetic resonance imaging study. N Engl J Med. 1992;327:604–612.
45.Falkai, P, Bogerts, B, Benno, G, et al.Loss of Sylvian fissure asymmetry in schizophrenia: a quantitative postmortem study. Schizophr Res. 1992;7:23–32.
46.DeLisi, LE, Hoff, AL, Neale, C, et al.Asymmetries in the superior temporal lobe in male and female first-episode schizophrenic patients: measures of the planum temporale and superior temporal gyrus by MRI. Schizophr Res. 1994;12:19–28.
47.Bullmore, E, Brammer, M, Harvey, I, et al.Cerebral hemispheric asymmetry revisited: effects of handedness, gender and schizophrenia measured by radius of gyration in magnetic resonance images. Psychol Med. 1995;25:349–363.
48.Maj, M, Galderisi, S, Conforti, R, et al.Gross reversal of brain parieto-occipital asymmetry in a case of DSM-IV simple schizophrenia. Schizophr Res. 1995;14:265–266.
49.Petty, RG, Barta, PE, Pearlson, GD, et al.Reversal of asymmetry of the planum temporale in schizophrenia. Am J Psychiatry. 1995;152:715–721.
50.Tiihonen, J, Katila, H, Pekkonen, E, et al.Reversal of cerebral asymmetry in schizophrenia measured with magnetoencephalography. Schizophr Res. 1998;30:209–219.
51.Faux, SF, Shenton, ME, McCarley, RW, et al.Differentiation of schizophrenics and normal controls is enhanced by the Goodin subtraction procedure. Int J Neurosci. 1988;39:117–135.
52.Holinger, DP, Faux, SF, Shenton, ME, et al.Reversed temporal region asymmetries of P300 topography in left- and right-handed schizophrenic subjects. Electroencephalogr Clin Neurophysiol. 1992;84:532–537.
53.McCarley, RW, Faux, SF, Shenton, ME, et al.Is there P300 asymmetry in schizophrenia? Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1991;48:380–381.
54.McCarley, RW, Shenton, ME, O'Donnel, BF, et al.Auditory P300 abnormalities and left posterior superior temporal gyrus volume reduction in schizophrenia. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1993;50:190–197.
55.Strik, WK, Dierks, T, Franzek, E, et al.P300 asymmetries in schizophrenia revisited with reference-independent methods. Psychiatry Res. 1994;55:153–166.
56.Rockstroh, B, Clementz, BA, Pantev, C, et al.Failure of dominant left-hemispheric activation to right-ear stimulation in schizophrenia. Neuroreport. 1998;9:3819–3822.
57.Cutting, J. The Psychology of Schizophrenia. Edinburgh, Scotland: Churchill Livingstone; 1985.
58.Cutting, J. The Right Cerebral Hemisphere and Psychiatric Disorders. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press; 1990.
59.Pfefferbaum, A, Ford, JM, White, PM, et al.P3 in schizophrenia is affected by stimulus modality, response requirements, medication and negative symptoms. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1989;46:1035–1044.
60.Persaud, R, Cutting, J. Lateralized anomalous perceptual experiences in schizophrenia. Psychopathology. 1991;24:365–368.
61.Cutting, J. The role of right hemisphere dysfunction in psychiatric disorders. Br J Psychiatry. 1992;160:583–588.
62.Cutting, J. Evidence for right hemisphere dysfunction in schizophrenia. In: David, AS, Cutting, J, eds. The Neuropsychology of Schizophrenia. Hove, England: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates; 1994:231–242.
63.Torrey, EF, Ragland, JD, Gold, JM, et al.Handedness in twins with schizophrenia: was Boklage correct? Schizophr Res. 1993;9:83–85.
64.David, AS, Cutting, JC. The Neuropsychology of Schizophrenia. Hove, England: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Ltd; 1994.
65.Sakuma, M, Hoff, AL, DeLisi, LE. Functional laterality and cognitive ability. Schizophr Res. 1996;18:213–214.
66.Cowell, PE, Fitch, RH, Denenberg, VH. Laterality in animals: relevance to schizophrenia. Schizophr Bull. 1999;25:41–62.
67.Ragland, JD, Gur, RE, Klimas, BC, et al.Neuropsychological laterality indices of schizophrenia: interactions with gender. Schizophr Bull. 1999;25:79–89.
68.Jerussi, TP, Taylor, CA. Bilateral asymmetry in striatal dopamine metabolism: implications for pharmacotherapy of schizophrenia. Brain Res. 1982;246:71–75.
69.Gruzelier, JH. Functional neuropsychophysiological asymmetry in schizophrenia: a review and reorientation. Schizophr Bull. 1999;25:91–120.
70.Magara, F, Mucci, A, Galderisi, S, et al.Sex differences in hemispheric asymmetries in schizophrenic patients and normal controls. Neurosci Lett. 1990;39:S132.
71.Galderisi, S. The influence of gender on cognitive event-related potentials in schizophrenics and healthy controls. J Psychophysiol. 1995;9:85.
72.Galderisi, S, Mucci, A, Mignone, ML, et al.Lateralizzazione emisferica ed eterogeneità legata al sesso nella schizofrenia. Rivista di Psichiatria. 1995;30:121–127.
73.Galderisi, S, Maj, M, Mignone, ML, et al.Brain functional asymmetries, gender and schizophrenia. Curr Opin Psychiatry. 1999;suppl 1:68.
74.Cowell, PE, Kostianovsky, DJ, Gur, RC, et al.Sex differences in neuroanatomical and clinical correlations in schizophrenia. Am J Psychiatry. 1996;153:799–805.
75.Lewine, RRJ, Walker, EF, Shurett, R, et al.Sex differences in neuropsychological functioning among schizophrenic patients. Am J Psychiatry. 1996;153:1178–1184.
76.Reite, M, Sheeder, J, Teale, P, et al.Magnetic source imaging evidence of sex differences in cerebral lateralization in schizophrenia. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1997;54:433–440.
77.Lewine, RJ. Sex differences in schizophrenia–timing or sub-types? Psychol Bull. 1981;90:432–444.
78.Seeman, MV. Current outcome in schizophrenia: women vs men. Acta Psychiatr Scand. 1986;73:609–617.
79.Goldstein, JM, Tsuang, MT. Gender and schizophrenia: an introduction and synthesis of findings. Schizophr Bull. 1990;10:179–183.
80.Flor-Henry, P. Influence of gender in schizophrenia as related to other psychopathological syndromes. Schizophr Bull. 1990;16:211–227.
81.Hafner, H, Maurer, K, Loffler, W, et al.The influence of age and sex on the onset and early course of schizophrenia. Br J Psychiatry. 1993;162:80–86.
82.Gur, RE, Petty, RG, Turetsky, BI, et al.Schizophrenia throughout life: sex differences in severity and profile of symptoms. Schizophr Res. 1996;21:1–12.
83.Heidrich, A, Strik, W. Auditory P300 topography and neuropsychological test performance: evidence for left hemispheric dysfunction in schizophrenia. Biol Psychiatry. 1997;41:327–335.
84.Gruzelier, JH. Hemispheric imbalance: syndromes of schizophrenia, premorbid personality, and neurodevelopmental influences. In: Steinhauer, S, Gruzelier, JH, Zubin, J, et al, eds. Neuropsychology, Psychophysiology and Information Processing. Vol 5. Amsterdam, The Netherlands: Elsevier; 1991:599–650.
85.Gruzelier, JH, Richardson, AJ. Patterns of cognitive asymmetry and psychosis proneness. Int J Psychophysiol. 1994;18:217–225.
86.Gruzelier, JH, Burgess, A, Stygall, J, et al.Patterns of cognitive asymmetry and syndromes of schizotypal personality. Psychiatry Res. 1995;56:71–79.
87.Kemali, D, Maj, M, Galderisi, S, et al.Conditional associative learning in drug-free schizophrenic patients. Neuropsychobiology. 1987;17:30–34.
88.Galderisi, S, Mucci, A, Mignone, ML, et al.Hemispheric asymmetry and psychopathological dimensions in drug-free patients with schizophrenia. Int J Psychophysiol. 1999;34:293–301.
89.Bilder, RM, Lieberman, JA, Kim, Y, et al.Methylphenidate and neuroleptic effects on oral word production in schizophrenia. Neuropsychiatr Neuropsychol Behav Neurol. 1992;5:262.
90.Gruzelier, JH. Hemispheric imbalances in schizophrenia. Int J Psychophysiol. 1984;1:227–240.
91.Gur, RE. Is Schizophrenia a lateralized disorder? Editor's introduction. Schizophr Bull. 1999;25:7–9.
92.Tamlyn, D, McKenna, PJ, Mortimer, AM, et al.Memory impairment in schizophrenia: its extent, affiliations and neuropsychological character. Psychol Med. 1992;22:101–115.
93.Duffy, L, O'Carrol, R. Memory impairment in schizophrenia–a comparison with that observed in the Alcoholic Korsakoff Syndrome. Psychol Med. 1994;24:155–165.
94.Sullivan, EV, Shear, PK, Zipursky, RB, et al.A deficit profile of executive, memory, and motor functions in schizophrenia. Biol Psychiatry. 1994;36:641–653.
95.Grillon, C, Ameli, R, Goddard, A, et al.Baseline and fear-potentiated startle in panic disorder patients. Biol Psychiatry. 1994;35:431–439.
96.Edlund, MJ, Swann, AC, Clothier, J. Patients with panic attacks and abnormal EEG results. Am J Psychiatry. 1987;144:508–509.
97.Abraham, H, Duffy, F. Computed EEG abnormalities in panic disorder with and without premorbid drug abuse. Biol Psychiatry. 1991;29:687–690.
98.Dantendorfer, K, Prayer, D, Kramer, J, et al.High frequency of EEG and MRI brain abnormalities in panic disorder. Psychiatry Res. 1996;68:41–53.
99.Lucas, JA, Telch, MJ, Bigler, ED. Memory functioning in panic disorder: a neuropsychological perspective. J Anxiety Dis. 1991;51:20.
100.Asmundson, GJG, Stein, MB, Larsen, DK, et al.Neurocognitive function in panic disorder and social phobia patients. Anxiety. 1995;1:201–207.
101.Roth, M, Harper, M. Temporal lobe epilepsy and the phobic anxiety-depersonalization syndrome. Part II: practical and theoretical considerations. Compr Psychiat. 1962;3:215–226.
102.McLachlan, RS, Blume, WT. Isolated fear in complex partial status epilepticus. Ann Neurol. 1980;8:639–641.
103.Wall, M, Tuchman, M, Mielke, D. Panic attacks and temporal lobe seizures associated with a right temporal lobe arteriovenous malformation. J Clin Psychiatry. 1985;46:143–145.
104.Wall, M, Mielke, D, Luther, JS. Panic attacks and psychomotor seizures following right temporal lobectomy [letter]. J Clin Psychiatry. 1986;47:219.
105.Ghadirian, AM, Gauthier, S, Bertrand, L. Anxiety attacks in a patient with a right temporal lobe meningioma. J Clin Psychiatry. 1986;47:270–271.
106.Fontaine, R, Breton, G, Dery, R, et al.Temporal lobe abnormalities in panic disorder: an MRI study. Biol Psychiatry. 1990;27:304–310.
107.Stewart, RS, Devous, MD, Rush, AJ, et al.Cerebral blood flow changes during sodium-lactate-induced panic attacks. Am J Psychiatry. 1988;145:442–449.
108.Reiman, EM, Raichle, ME, Robins, E, et al.Neuroanatomical correlates of lactate-induced anxiety attack. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1989;46:493–500.
109.Nordahl, TE, Semple, WE, Gross, M, et al.Cerebral glucose metabolic differences in patients with panic disorder. Neuropsychopharmacology. 1990;3:261–272.
110.Nordahl, TE, Stein, MB, Benkelfat, C, et al.Regional cerebral metabolic asymmetries replicated in an independent group of patients with panic disorder. Biol Psychiatry. 1998;44:998–1006.
111.Galderisi, S, Bucci, P, Mucci, A, et al.Brain electrical microstates in subjects with panic disorder. Brain Res Bull. In Press.
112.Lehmann, D. Principles of spatial analysis. In: Gevins, AS, Remond, A, eds. Methods of Analysis of Brain Electrical and Magnetic Signals. Handbook of Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology. Amsterdam, The Netherlands: Elsevier; 1987:309–354.
113.Koenig, T, Lehmann, D. Microstates in language-related brain potential maps show noun-verb differences. Brain Lang. 1996;53:169–182.
114.Koenig, T, Kochi, K, Lehmann, D. Event-related electric microstates of the brain differ between words with visual and abstract meaning. Electroencephalogr Clin Neurophysiol. 1998;106:534–546.
115.Smith, ME, Halgren, E, Sokolik, M, et al.The intracranial topography of the P3 event-related potential elicited during auditory oddball. Electroencephalogr Clin Neurophysiol. 1990;76:235–248.
116.Wood, C, McCarty, G, Squires, N, et al.Anatomical and physiological substrates of event-related potentials. Brain Inform. 1984;425:681–721.
117.Halgren, E, Marinkovic, K, Chauvel, P. Generators of the late cognitive potentials in auditory and visual oddball tasks. Electroencephalogr Clin Neurophysiol. 1998;106:156–164.
118.Donchin, E, Ritter, W, McCallum, WC. Cognitive psychophysiology: the endogenous components of the ERP. In: Callaway, E, Tueting, P, Koslow, S, eds. Event-related Brain Potentials in Man. New York, NY: Academic Press; 1978:349–442.
119.Pritchard, WS. Psychophysiology of P300. Psychol Bull. 1981;89:506–540.
120.Halgren, E. The P3: a view from the brain. Behav Brain Sci. 1988;113:381–383.
121.Molnar, M, Skinner, JE, Csépe, V, et al.Correlation dimension changes accompanying the occurrence of the mismatch negativity and the P3 event related potential component. Electroencephalogr Clin Neurophysiol. 1995;95:118–126.
122.Garcìa-Larrea, L, Cezanne-Bert, G. P3, Positive slow wave and working memory load: a study on the functional correlates of slow wave activity. Electroencephalogr Clin Neurophysiol. 1998;108:260–273.
123.Barlow, DH. Behavioral conception and treatment of panic. Psychopharmacol Bull. 1986;22:802–806.
124.Clark, DMA. Cognitive approach to panic. Behav Res Ther. 1986;24:461–470.
125.Harvey, JM, Richards, JC, Dziadosz, T. Misinterpretation of ambiguous stimuli in panic disorder. Cog Ther Res. 1993;17:235–248.
126.Margraf, J, Ehlers, A, Roth, WT. Biological models of panic disorder and agoraphobia—a review. Behav Res Ther. 1986;24:553–567.
127.McNally, RJ, Foa, EB. Cognition and agoraphobia: bias in the interpretation of threat. Cog Ther Res. 1987;11:567–581.
128.Zeitlin, SB, McNally, RJ. Alexithymia and anxiety sensitivity in panic disorder and obsessive-compulsive disorder. Am J Psychiatry. 1993;150:658–660.
129.Cox, CL, Fedio, P, Rapoport, JL. Neuropsychological testing of obsessive adolescents. In: Rapoport, JL, ed. Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder in Children and Adolescents. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Press; 1989:73–85.
130.Boone, KB, Ananth, J, Philpott, L, et al.Neuropsychological characteristics of nondepressed adults with obsessive-compulsive disorder. Neuropsychiatry, Neuropsychol, Behav Neurol. 1991;4:96–109.
131.Zielinski, CM, Taylor, MA, Juzwin, KR. Neuropsychological deficits in obsessive-compulsive disorder. Neuropsychiatry, Neuropsychol, Behav Neurol. 1991;4:110–126.
132.Christensen, KJ, Kim, SW, Dysken, MW, et al.Neuropsychological performance in obsessive-compulsive disorder. Biol Psychiatry. 1992;31:4–18.
133.Dirson, S, Bouvard, M, Cottraux, J, et al.Visual memory impairment in patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder: a controlled study. Psychother Psychosom. 1995;63:22–31.
134.Flor-Henry, P, Yeudall, LT, Koles, ZJ, et al.Neuropsychological and power spectral EEG investigations of the obsessive-compulsive syndrome. Biol Psychiatry. 1979;14:119–130.
135.Insel, TR, Donnelly, EF, Lalakea, ML, et al.Neurological and neuropsychological studies of patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder. Biol Psychiatry. 1983;18:741–751.
136.Garber, HJ, Ananth, JV, Chiu, LC, et al.Nuclear magnetic resonance study of obsessive compulsive disorder. Am J Psychiatry. 1989;146:1001–1005.
137.Kuskowski, MA, Malone, SM, Kim, SW, et al.Quantitative EEG in obsessive-compulsive disorder. Biol Psychiatry. 1993;33:423–430.
138.Baxter, LR, Phelps, ME, Mazziotta, JC, et al.Local cerebral glucose metabolic rates in obsessive-compulsive disorder. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1987;44:211–218.
139.Swedo, SE, Schapiro, MB, Grady, CL, et al.Cerebral glucose metabolism in childhood-onset obsessive-compulsive disorder. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1989;46:518–523.
140.Guidano, VF. The Self in Process. New York, NY: Guilford Press; 1991.
141.Reed, GF. Some formal qualities of obsessional thinking. Psychiatr Clin. 1968;1:382–392.
142.Persons, J, Foa, E. Processing of fearful and neutral information by obsessive compulsives. Behav Res Ther. 1984;22:259–265.
143.Rapoport, J, Elkins, R, Langer, DH, et al.Childhood obsessive-compulsive disorder. Am J Psychiatry. 1981;138:1545–1554.
144.Ludlow, CL, Bassaich, CJ, Connor, NP, et al.Psycholinguistic testing in obsessive compulsive adolescents. In: Rapoport, JL, ed. Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder in Children and Adolescents. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association; 1989:87–106.
145.Wexler, BE, Goodman, WK. Cerebral laterality, perception of emotion, and treatment response in obsessive-compulsive disorder. Biol Psychiatry. 1991;29:900–908.
146.Galderisi, S, Mucci, A, Catapano, F, et al.Neuropsychological slowness in obsessive compulsive patients: is it confined to tests involving the fronto-sub-cortical system? Br J Psychiatry. 1995;167:394–398.
147.Veale, DM, Sahakian, BJ, Owen, AM, et al.Specific cognitive deficits in tests sensitive to frontal lobe dysfunction in obsessive-compulsive disorder. Psychol Med. 1996;26:1261–1269.
148.Reed, GF. Obsessional Experience and Compulsive Behaviour. A Cognitive-Structural Approach. London, England: Academic Press Inc; 1985.
149.Salkovskis, P. Frontiers of Cognitive Therapy: The State of the Art and Beyond. New York, NY: Guilford Press; 1996.
150.Rubin, KH, Rose-Krasnor, L. Social-cognitive and social behavioral perspectives on problem solving. In: Perlmutter, M, ed. Cognitive Perspectives on Children's Social and Behavioral Development: Minnesota Symposium on Child Psychology. Vol 18. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum; 1986.
151.Mischel, HN, Mischel, W. The development of children's knowledge of self-control strategies. Child Dev. 1983;54:603–619.