Hostname: page-component-848d4c4894-sjtt6 Total loading time: 0 Render date: 2024-06-23T13:43:47.719Z Has data issue: false hasContentIssue false

Dispersion and Swellability of Ternary Surfactant Co-Modified Montmorillonites

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  01 January 2024

Wei Hua Yu
Affiliation:
Zhijiang College, Zhejiang University of Technology, Shaoxing 312030, China Research Group for Advanced Materials & Sustainable Catalysis (AMSC), Breeding Base of State Key Laboratory of Green Chemistry Synthesis Technology, College of Chemical Engineering, Zhejiang University of Technology, Hangzhou 310032, China
Jia Hui Liu
Affiliation:
Research Group for Advanced Materials & Sustainable Catalysis (AMSC), Breeding Base of State Key Laboratory of Green Chemistry Synthesis Technology, College of Chemical Engineering, Zhejiang University of Technology, Hangzhou 310032, China
Min Wang
Affiliation:
Research Group for Advanced Materials & Sustainable Catalysis (AMSC), Breeding Base of State Key Laboratory of Green Chemistry Synthesis Technology, College of Chemical Engineering, Zhejiang University of Technology, Hangzhou 310032, China
Na Li
Affiliation:
Tiantong Ruihong Technology Co., Ltd, Haining 314400, China
Jun Rui Zhang
Affiliation:
Zhijiang College, Zhejiang University of Technology, Shaoxing 312030, China
Tian Hao Huang
Affiliation:
Zhijiang College, Zhejiang University of Technology, Shaoxing 312030, China
Chun Hui Zhou*
Affiliation:
Research Group for Advanced Materials & Sustainable Catalysis (AMSC), Breeding Base of State Key Laboratory of Green Chemistry Synthesis Technology, College of Chemical Engineering, Zhejiang University of Technology, Hangzhou 310032, China Engineering Research Center of Non-metallic Minerals of Zhejiang Province, Zhejiang Institute of Geology and Mineral Resource, Hangzhou 310007, China Qing Yang Institute for Industrial Minerals, You Hua, Qing Yang 242804 An Hui, China
*
*E-mail address of corresponding author: clay@zjut.edu.cn

Abstract

Organo-montmorillonite (OMnt) has wide applications in paints, clay-polymer nanocomposites, biomaterials, etc. In most cases, the dispersibility and swellability of OMnt dictate the performance of OMnt in the target products. Previous studies have revealed that the properties can be improved when multiple organic species are co-introduced into the interlayer space of montmorillonite (Mnt). In the present study, single surfactant erucylamide (EA), dual-surfactants cetyltrimethyl ammonium bromide (CTAB) and octadecyltrimethyl ammonium chloride (OTAC), and ternary-surfactants EA, CTAB, and OTAC were co-introduced into Mnt by solution intercalation. The resulting OMnts were characterized by powder X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier-transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, thermogravimetry-differential thermogravimetry (TG-DTG), water contact-angle tests, scanning electronic microscopy (SEM), laser particle-size analysis, and swelling indices. Mnt co-modified by ternary CTAB, OTAC, and EA led to a large d001 value (4.20 nm), surface hydrophobicity with a contact angle of 95.6°, swellability (50 mL/g) with small average particle sizes (2.1−2.8 μm) in xylene, and >99% of the OMnt particles were kept as <5 μm in deionized water. The formation of EA-modified-Mnt was proposed according to hydrophobic affinity, hydrogen bonding, and van der Waals forces. The nanoplatelets of the CTA+, OTA+, and EA co-modified OMnts in xylene were assembled into a house-of-cards structure by face-to-edge and edge-to-edge associations. The electrostatic attractions, electrostatic and steric repulsions, and hydrophobic interactions were responsible for the good dispersibility of OMnt in xylene. The ternary surfactant co-modified OMnt with high dispersion and swellability will make OMnt better suited for real-world applications.

Type
Article
Copyright
Copyright © Clay Minerals Society 2021

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)

References

Alghunaim, A., Kirdponpattara, S., & Newby, B. M. Z. (2016). Techniques for determining contact angle and wettability of powders. Powder Technology, 287, 201215.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Burgentzlé, D., Duchet, J., Gerard, J. F., Jupin, A., & Fillon, B. (2004). Solvent-based nanocomposite coatings I. Dispersion of organophilic montmorillonite in organic solvents. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, 278(1), 2639.Google Scholar
de Jong, S. M., Spiers, C. J., & Busch, A. (2014). Development of swelling strain in smectite clays through exposure to carbon dioxide. International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control, 24, 149161.Google Scholar
Fan, J. T., Zhu, H., Li, R., & Chen, N. J. (2015). Montmorillonite modified by cationic and nonionic surfactants as high-performancefluid-loss-control additive in oil-based drilling fluids. Journal of Dispersion Science and Technology, 36(4), 569576.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ghazy, O. A., Khalil, S. A., & Senna, M. M. (2020). Synthesis of montmorillonite/chitosan/ammonium acrylate composite and its potential application in river water flocculation. International Journal of Biological Macromolecules, 163, 15291537.Google Scholar
Hamberger, A., & Stenhagen, G. (2003). Erucamide as a modulator of water balance: new function of a fatty acid amide. Neurochemical Research, 28(2), 177185.Google Scholar
He, H. P., Ma, Y. H., Zhu, J. X., Yuan, P., & Qing, Y. H. (2010). Organoclays prepared from montmorillonites with different cation exchange capacity and surfactant configuration. Applied Clay Science, 48(1–2), 6772.Google Scholar
Ho, D. L., & Glinka, C. J. (2003). Effects of solvent solubility parameters on organoclay dispersions. Chemistry of Materials, 15(6), 13091312.Google Scholar
Ikhtiyarova, G. A., Özcan, A. S., Gök, Ö., & Özcan, A. (2012). Characterization of natural- and organo-bentonite by XRD, SEM, FT-IR and thermal analysis techniques and its adsorption behaviour in aqueous solutions. Clay Minerals, 47(1), 3144.Google Scholar
Khenifi, A., Bouberka, Z., Sekrane, F., Kameche, M., & Derriche, Z. (2007). Adsorption study of an industrial dye by an organic clay. Adsorption – Journal of the International Adsorption Society, 13(2), 149158.Google Scholar
Kooli, F., Liu, Y., Alshahateet, S. F., Messali, M., & Bergaya, F. (2009). Reaction of acid activated montmorillonites with hexadecyl trimethylammonium bromide solution. Applied Clay Science, 43(3–4), 357363.Google Scholar
Lagaly, G. (1981). Characterization of clays by organic compounds. Clay Minerals, 16, 121.Google Scholar
Lapides, I., Borisover, M., & Yariv, S. (2011). Thermal analyis of hexadecyltrimethylammonium-montmorillonites. Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry, 105(3), 921929.Google Scholar
Le Pluart, L., Duchet, J., Sautereau, H., Halley, P., & Gerard, J. F. (2004). Rheological properties of organoclay suspensions in epoxy network precursors. Applied Clay Science, 25(3–4), 207219.Google Scholar
Leach, E. S. H., Hopkinson, A., Franklin, K., & Van Duijneveldt, J. S. (2005). Nonaqueous suspensions of laponite and montmorillonite. Langmuir, 21(9), 38213830.Google Scholar
Li, Y. Q., & Ishida, H. (2003). Concentration-dependent conformation of alkyl tail in the nanoconfined space: Hexadecylamine in the silicate galleries. Langmuir, 19(6), 24792484.Google Scholar
Liao, L. B., Lv, G. C., Cai, D. X., & Wu, L. M. (2016). The sequential intercalation of three types of surfactants into sodium montmorillonite. Applied Clay Science, 119, 8286.Google Scholar
Madejová, J. (2003). FTIR techniques in clay mineral studies. Vibrational Spectroscopy, 31(1), 110.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Madejová, J., & Komadel, P. (2001). Baseline studies of The Clay Minerals Society source clays: infrared methods. Clays and Clay Minerals, 49(5), 410432.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Marras, S. I., Tsimpliaraki, A., Zuburtikudis, I., & Panayiotou, C. (2007). Thermal and colloidal behavior of amine-treated clays: The role of amphiphilic organic cation concentration. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, 315(2), 520527.Google Scholar
Meleshyn, A., & Bunnenberg, C. (2006). Interlayer expansion and mechanisms of anion sorption of Na-montmorillonite modified by cetylpyridinium chloride: A Monte Carlo study. The Journal of Physical Chemistry B, 110, 22712277.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Monteiro, M. K. S., de Oliveira, V. R. L., dos Santos, F. K. G., Neto, E. L. D., Leite, R. H. D., Aroucha, E. M. M., & Silva, K. N. D. (2018). Influence of the ionic and nonionic surfactants mixture in the structure and properties of the modified bentonite clay. Journal of Molecular Liquids, 272, 990998.Google Scholar
Moraru, V. N. (2001). Structure formation of alkylammonium montmorillonites in organic media. Applied Clay Science, 19(1–6), 1126.Google Scholar
Moreira, J. F. M., Alves, T. S., Barbosa, R., de Carvalho, E. M., & Carvalho, L. H. (2016). Effect of cis-13-docosenamide in the properties of compatibilized polypropylene/clay nanocomposites. Macromolecular Symposia, 367(1), 6875.Google Scholar
Moslemizadeh, A., Aghdam, S. K. Y., Shahbazi, K., Aghdam, H. K. Y., & Alboghobeish, F. (2016). Assessment of swelling inhibitive effect of CTAB adsorption on montmorillonite in aqueous phase. Applied Clay Science, 127, 111122.Google Scholar
Parolo, M. E., Pettinari, G. R., Musso, T. B., Sanchez-Izquierdo, M. P., & Fernandez, M. L. G. (2014). Characterization of organo-modified bentonite sorbents: The effect of modification conditions on adsorption performance. Applied Surface Science, 320, 356363.Google Scholar
Patel, H. A., Somani, R. S., Bajaj, H. C., & Jasra, R. V. (2007). Preparation and characterization of phosphonium montmorillonite with enhanced thermal stability. Applied Clay Science, 35(3–4), 194200.Google Scholar
Poisson, C., Hervais, V., Lacrampe, M. F., Krawczak, P., Falher, T., Gondard, C., & Ferreiro, V. (2010). Optimization of polyethylene/binder/polyamide extrusion blow-molded films. iii. slippability improvement with fatty acid amides. Journal of Applied Polymer Science, 115(4), 23322345.Google Scholar
Ratnayake, U. N., Haworth, B., & Hourston, D. J. (2009). Preparation of polypropylene-clay nanocomposites by the co-intercalation of modified polypropylene and short-chain amide molecules. Journal of Applied Polymer Science, 112(1), 320334.Google Scholar
Salles, F., Bildstein, O., Douillard, J. M., Jullien, M., & Van Damme, H. (2007). Determination of the driving force for the hydration of the swelling clays from computation of the hydration energy of the interlayer cations and the clay layer. Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 111(35), 1317013176.Google Scholar
Sankhe, S. Y., & Hirt, D. E. (2002). Characterization of erucamide profiles in multilayer linear low-density polyethylene and propylene-ethylene copolymer films using synchrotron-based FT-IR microspectroscopy. Applied Spectroscopy, 56(2), 205211.Google Scholar
Sankhe, S. Y., Janorkar, A. V., & Hirt, D. E. (2003). Characterization of erucamide profiles in LLDPE films: depth-profiling attempts using FTIR photoacoustic spectroscopy and Raman microspectroscopy. Journal of Plastic Film & Sheeting, 19(1), 1629.Google Scholar
Shah, K. J., Mishra, M. K., Shukla, A. D., Imae, T., & Shah, D. O. (2013). Controlling wettability and hydrophobicity of organoclays modified with quaternary ammonium surfactants. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, 407, 493499.Google Scholar
Shattar, S. F. A., Zakaria, N. A., & Foo, K. Y. (2020). One step acid activation of bentonite derived adsorbent for the effective remediation of the new generation of industrial pesticides. Scientific Reports, 10, 20151.Google Scholar
Shuler, C. A., Janorkar, A. V., & Hirt, D. E. (2004). Fate of erucamide in polyolefin films at elevated temperature. Polymer Engineering and Science, 44(12), 22472253.Google Scholar
Teich-McGoldrick, S. L., Greathouse, J. A., Jove-Colon, C. F., & Cygan, R. T. (2015). Swelling properties of montmorillonite and beidellite clay minerals from molecular simulation: comparison of temperature, interlayer cation, and charge location effects. Journal of Physical Chemistry C., 119(36), 2088020891.Google Scholar
van Olphen, H. (1964). Internal mutual flocculation in clay suspensions. Journal of Colloid Science, 19(4), 313322.Google Scholar
Veiskarami, M., Sarvi, M. N., & Mokhtari, A. R. (2016). Influence of the purity of montmorillonite on its surface modification with an alkyl-ammonium salt. Applied Clay Science, 120, 111120.Google Scholar
Xi, Y. F., Ding, Z., He, H. P., & Frost, R. L. (2004). Structure of organo-clays–an X-ray diffraction and thermogravimetric analysis study. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, 277(1), 116120.Google Scholar
Xi, Y. F., Frost, R. L., He, H. P., Kloprogge, T., & Bostrom, T. (2005). Modification of Wyoming montmorillonite surfaces usinga cationic surfactant. Langmuir, 21(19), 86758680.Google Scholar
Xi, Y. F., Zhou, Q., Frost, R. L., & He, H. P. (2007). Thermal stability of octadecyltrimethylammonium bromide modified montmorillonite organoclay. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, 311(2), 347353.Google Scholar
Yu, W. H., Ren, Q. Q., Tong, D. S., Zhou, C. H., & Wang, H. (2014). Clean production of CTAB-montmorillonite: formation mechanism and swelling behavior in xylene. Applied Clay Science, 97, 222234.Google Scholar
Yu, W. H., Zhu, T. T., Tong, D. S., Wang, M., Wu, Q. Q., & Zhou, C. H. (2017). Preparation of organo-montmorillonites and the relationship between microstructure and swellability. Clays and Clay Minerals, 65(6), 417430.Google Scholar
Zatta, L., Ramos, L. P., & Wypych, F. (2013). Acid-activated montmorillonites as heterogeneous catalysts for the esterification of lauric acid acid with methanol. Applied Clay Science. 80–81, 236244.Google Scholar
Zhang, M., Li, L., Xu, J., & Sun, D. J. (2013). Effect of polyisobutylenesuccinimide on low-temperature rheology and dispersibility of clay particles in mineral oil. Colloids and Surfaces A – Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects, 431, 133141.Google Scholar
Zhou, C. H., Li, C. J., Gates, W. P., Zhu, T. T., & Yu, W. H. (2019). Co-intercalation of organic cations/amide molecules into montmorillonite with tunable hydrophobicity and swellability. Applied Clay Science, 179, 105157.Google Scholar
Zhu, R. L., Zhu, L. H., Zhu, J. X., & Xu, L. H. (2008). Structure of cetyltrimethylammonium intercalated hydrobiotite. Applied Clay Science, 42(1–2), 224231.Google Scholar
Zhuang, G. Z., Zhang, Z. P., Fu, M., Ye, X., & Liao, L. B. (2015). Comparative study on the use of cationic-nonionic-organomontmorillonite in oil-based drilling fluids. Applied Clay Science, 116, 257262.Google Scholar
Zhuang, G. Z., Zhang, Z. P., Sun, J. L., & Liao, L. B. (2016). The structure and rheology of organo-montmorillonite in oil-based system aged under different temperatures. Applied Clay Science, 124, 2130.Google Scholar