Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Chemical and structural properties of clay minerals modified by inorganic and organic material

  • T. J. Bandosz (a1), J. Jagiełło (a1), K. A. G. Amankwah (a1) and J. A. Schwarz (a1)

Abstract

Modification of clay minerals by exchange, intercalation, calcination and imbibition of organics followed by their polymerization and carbonization was studied. The surface properties of the clays were investigated by inverse gas chromatography at infinite dilution employing alkanes and alkenes as probes; the structural properties were measured directly by X-ray diffraction and inferred from the results of high pressure hydrogen adsorption. Calcination of pillared smectites prior to polymerization and carbonization of organic material in the interlayer space leads to a microporous “activated carbon” that demonstrates unique properties as an adsorbent for hydrogen, significantly different from clays that have not been calcined.

Copyright

References

Hide All
Agarwal, R.K. & Schwarz, J.A. (1988) Analysis of high-pressure adsorption of gases on activated carbon by potential theory. Carbon, 26, 873–887.
Barrer, R.M. (1978) Zeolites and Clay Minerals as Sorbents and Molecular Sieves. Academic Press, London.
Belyakova, L.D., Kiselev, A.V. & Soloyan, G.A. (1970) Specificity of adsorption and chromatographic separation of some cyclic olefins and aromatic hydrocarbons on barium sulfate. Chromatographia, 3, 254–;259.
Bezus, A.G., Kiselev, A.V., Sedlacek, Z. & Du, P.O. (1971) Adsorption of ethane and ethylene on X-zeolites containing Li+, Na+, K+, Rb+ and Cs+ cations. Trans, Faraday Soc. I, 67, 468–;482.
Brindley, G.W. & Sempels, R.E. (1977) Preparation and properties of some hydroxyaluminium beidellites. Clay Miner., 12, 229–236.
Brindley, G.W. & Yamanaka, S. (1979) A study of hydroxychromium montmorillonites and the form of the hydroxy-chromium polymers. Am. Miner., 64, 830–835.
Carrott, P.J.M. & Sing, K.S.W. (1987) Gas chromatographic study of microporous carbon. J. Chromatography,, 406, 139–144.
Conder, J.R. & Young, C.L. (1979) Physicochemical Measurement by Gas Chromatography. John Wiley & Sons, New York.
Diddams, P.A., Thomas, J.T., Jones, W., Ballantine, J.A. & Purnell, J.H. (1984) Synthesis, characterization, and catalytic activity of beidellite-montmorillonite layered silicas and their pillared analogues. J. Chem. Soc., Chem. Commun., 20, 1340–1342.
Dorris, G.M. & Gray, D.G. (1980) Adsorption of n-alkanes at zero surface coverage on cellulose paper and wood fibres. J, Coll. Inter/. Sci., 77, 353–362.
Everett, D.H. & Powl, J.C. (1976) Adsorption in slit-like and cylindrical micropores in the Henry's law region. Trans. Soc. Farad., 72, 619–;636.
Jagiello, J., Bandosz, T.J., & Schwarz, J.A. (1992) Application of inverse gas chromatography at infinite dilution to study the effects of oxidation of activated carbons. Carbon,, 30, 63–69.
Kitutchi, E., Matsuda, T., Ueda, I. & Morita, Y. (1985) Conversion of trimethylbenzenes over montmorillonites pillared by aluminium and zirconium oxides. Appl. Cat., 16, 401–;410.
Kiselev, A.V. & Yashin, Y.I. (1969) Gas Adsorption Chromatography. Plenum Press, New York.
Lahav, M., Shani, U. & Shabtai, J. (1978) Cross-linked smectites, I. Synthesis and properties of hydroxy-aluminum- montmorillonite. Clays Clay Miner., 26, 107–115.
Occelli, M.L. & Tindwa, P.M. (1983) Physicochemical properties of montmorillonite interlayered with cationic oxyaluminum pillars. Clays Clay Miner., 31, 22–28.
Papirer, E., Vidal, A. & Balard, H. (1989) Inverse Gas Chromatography. Characterization of Polymers and Other Materials,pp. 248–;261. American Chemical Soc., Washington.
Pekala, R.W. & Hopper, R.W. (1987) Low-density microcellular carbon foams. J. Mater. ScL, 22, 1840–1844.
Pinnavaia, T.J. (1983) Intercalated clay catalysts. Science,, 220, 365–371.
Sidqi, M., Ligner, G., Jagiello, J., Balard, H. & Papirer, E. (1989) Characterization of specific interaction capacity of solid surfaces by adsorption of alkanes and alkenes. Part I: Adsorption on open surface. Chromatographia,, 28, 588–592.
Sonobe, N., Kyotani, T. & Tomita, A. (1990) Carbonization of polyfurfuryl alcohol and polyvinyl acetate between the lamellae of montmorillonite. Carbon,, 28, 483–;488.
Vaughan, D.E.W., Lussier, R.G. & Magee, J.S. Jr. (1979) Pillared interlayered clay materials useful as catalysts and sorbents. U.S. Pat., 4, 176,090.
Zyla, M. & Bandosz, T. (1987) Montmorillonite from Miiowice intercalated with hydroxy-aluminium oligocations as vapour and gas adsorbent. Min. Polon., 18, 39–50.

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed