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Independent Baptists: From Sectarian Minority to ‘Moral Majority’

  • Bill J. Leonard (a1)

Extract

Raymond W. Barber, Baptist pastor and president of the Baptist World Fellowship, wrote in 1982, “Fundamentalists have moved out of the storefront buildings on back alleys into beautiful sanctuaries fronting the freeways and boulevards that dissect the nation's biggest cities. No longer do fundamentalists operate from the closet of inferiority, but from the parlor of influence, affecting the spiritual and cultural life of America. The so-called “splinter-group” of yesterday has become a special vanguard of the truth whose influence is evidenced from the courthouse to the White House.”1

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References

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1. Barber, Raymond W., “Fundamentalism: A Coming Together,” Fundamentalist, 11/12 1982.

2. Hill, Samuel S. and Owen, Dennis E., The New Religious Political Right in America (Nashville, 1982), p. 15.

3. Combs, James O., “We Will Not Join the Southern Baptist Convention,” Baptist Bible Tribune, 24 10 1986, p. 3.

4. Liebman, Robert C., “Mobilizing the Moral Majority,” in Liebman, Robert and Wuthnow, Robert, eds., The New Christian Right (New York, 1983), pp. 6366.

5. Cuddihy, John Murray, No Offense: Civil Religion and Protestant Taste (New York, 1978), pp. 67.

6. “Ten Largest Independent Baptist Churches,” Fundamentalist Journal 1 (1982): 58.

7. Dollar, George, A History of Fundamentalism in America (Greenville, S.C., 1973), pp. 218220.

8. Combs, “We Will Not Join the Southern Baptist Convention”; “Two Notable Conventions in Kansas City,” Searchlight, 25 May 1923; and Ketcham, R. T., The Answer (Chicago, nd.), pp. 4749.

9. Woodworth, R. O., “The BBF and Baptist Fundamentalism,” Baptist Bible Tribune, 3 01 1986, p. 3.

10. Riley, William B., “Why the Baptist Bible Union?” Searchlisht, 4 05 1923.

11. Combs, James O., ed. Roots and Origins of Baptist Fundamentalism (Springfield, Mo., 1984), p. 62; and Russell, C. Allyn, Voices of American Fundamentalism (Philadelphia, 1976), pp. 3740.

12. Woodworth, R. O., “Baptist Bible Seminary,” Fundamentalist, 27 05 1949.

13. Fundamentalist, 19 August 1949; and Dollar, , History of Fundamentalism in America, pp. 3334.

14. LaForge, Granville, “Has the BBFI become Another Convention?” Baptist Bible Tribune, 5 12 1986, p. 2.

15. Dollar, , History of Fundamentalism in America, p. 221; and Ketcham, , The Answer, p. 47.

16. Ketcham, , The Answer, p. 49.

17. “Regular Baptists Hold 55th Annual Conference in Grand Rapids,“ Baptist Bible Tribune,18 July 1986.

18. Ammerman, Nancy, Bible Believers: Fundamentalists in the Modern World (forthcoming from Rutger's University Press, 1987), p. 21.

19. Ibid.

20. Barber, Raymond W., “Who Are We and Why Are We Here?” Sword of the Lord, 24 04 1981, p. 1.

21. Ibid., p. 15; Dobson, Ed, “Fundamentalism—Its Roots,” Fundamentalist Journal 1 (1982): 27; “A Look at Ourselves,” Fundamentalist, 11 1976, p. 2; and Falwell, Jerry, “Why I Am a Fundamentalist,” Fundamentalist Journal 1 (1982): 6. There are more elaborate lists of doctrines; see “An Affirmation of the Biblical Faith of Baptists,” Sword of the Lord, 10 January 1964; and Fundamentalist, 4 May 1956.

22. Ibid.

23. Ibid.

24. Fundamentalist, 22 October 1948.

25. Rice, John R., “Bible Questions Yoking With Modernists,” Sword of the Lord, 1 11 1957.

26. Ibid.

27. Ibid.; also Weniger, G. Archer, Sword of the Lord, 3 01 1964; and Sword of the Lord, 10 01 1964, p. 3.

28. Ibid.

29. Wells, Norman, “The Battle of the Baptists,” Fundamentalist, 26 07 1956, pp. 12.

30. Fundamentalist, 8 01 1932, p. 1; and Norris, J. Frank, “The New Testament Method of Financing,” Fundamentalist, 4 11 1927.

31. Fundamentalist, 13 05 1949, p. 5.

32. Sword of the Lord, 30 March 1945; and Norris, , Fundamentalist, 4 05 1956, p. 3.

33. Malone, Tom, “Empty Churches—Why?” Sword of the Lord, 31 10 1958, p. 6.

34. Baker, Robert A., The Southern Baptist Convention and Its People, 1607–1972 (Nashville, 1974), pp. 150159.

35. Baptism, John's,” Fundamentalist, 10 06 1955.

36. Smith, Noel, “The Dignity and Relevancy of the Baptist Bible Fellowship,” Baptist Bible Tribune, 12 09 1986, p. 3.

37. Norris, George, Fundamentalist, 19 07 1956, p. 3.

38. Marsden, George, Fundamentalism and American Culture (Oxford, 1980), pp. 67.

39. Fundamentalist, 4 May 1956; also Rice, John R., “Moral Principles in National Politics,” Sword of the Lord, 24 07 1964.

40. Rice, John R., “Are Christian Films Wrong?” Sword of the Lord, 8 02 1952.

41. Rice, “Moral Principles in National Politics,” p. 7.

42. Searchlight, 14 April 1922; and “Six Reasons Why Al Smith Should Not Be President,” Searchlight, 18 November 1927.

43. Norris, , “Federal Council of Churches Brought Out Into the Open,” Fundamentalist, 8 01 1937; and Fundamentalist, 22 January 1937.

44. Sword of the Lord, 18 September 1952.

45. Rice, “Why We Will Vote for Goldwater,” Sword of the Lord, 16 October 1964.

46. Sword of the Lord, 26 01 1968, p. 6.

47. “Why Did God Allow Kennedy's Death?” Sword of the Lord, 24 January 1964; “What Was Back of Kennedy's Murder?“ Ibid., 31 January 1964; Tom Malone, “What Means the Death of President Kennedy?” Ibid.; Rice, “Senator Robert F. Kennedy's Death,” Ibid., 28 June 1968.

48. Rice, “Senator Robert F. Kennedy's Death.”

49. Bob Spencer, “Dr. Martin Luther King Died by the Lawlessness He Encouraged,” Sword of the Lord, 14 June 1968.

50. Smith, Noel, Baptist Bible Tribune, 23 04 1965; and Arher Wenger, “The Faith of Martin Luther King,“ Sword of the Lord, 6 September 1968.

51. Curtis Hutson, Sword of the Lord, 17 October 1980.

52. Thompson, Gerald, “The Real Child Abusers,” Sword of the Lord, 29 08 1980.

53. Himmelstein, Jerome L., “The New Right,” in The New Christian Right, pp. 1330; and Guth, James L., “The New Christian Right,” in The New Christian Right, pp. 3145.

54. Falwell, Jerry, “Moderation: A Biblical Command,” Fundamentalist Journal 2 (1983).

55. Dobson, Ed and Hindson, Ed, “Who Are the ‘Real’ Pseudo-Fundamentalists?Fundamentalist Journal 2 (1983): 1011. Emphasis mine.

56. Ibid.

57. Dobson, and Hindson, , “Guilt By Association or Burned by the Second Degree,” Fundamentalist Journal 2 (1983).

58. Woodworth, R. O., “The BBF and Baptist Fundamentalism,” Baptist Bible Tribune, 3 01 1986, p. 2.

59. Marty, Martin E., “Modern Fundamentalism,” Amenca, 27 09 1986, p. 134.

60. Falwell, Jerry, “Who is the Voice of Fundamentalism Today?Fundamentalist Journal 3 (1984): 89.

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Church History
  • ISSN: 0009-6407
  • EISSN: 1755-2613
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