Skip to main content Accessibility help

Effect of oestradiol benzoate, progesterone and vaginal bolt on superovulation of Holstein heifers

  • Duan Bao-Ning (a1), Xue Jian-Hua (a2), Zhang Xin-Hui (a2), Wu Sheng-Quan (a2), Sun Feng-Jun (a2) and Sang Run-Zi (a1)...


This trial was aimed at investigating the effect of different doses of progesterone (P4) and types of vaginal bolts on new follicular wave induction, oestrus synchronization and superovulation in Holstein heifers. Results showed that the interval after prostaglandin F (PGF) application and oestrus occurrence between the sponge blot (SP) group (48.3 h) and the progestin release device (PRD) group (39 h) was significantly different (P<0.05). The average number of embryos obtained in the SP group (13.2) was significantly higher than that (8.7) in the PRD group (P<0.05). The same trend was observed for the number of usable embryos (5.7 and 3.3 for SP and PRD groups, respectively). The injection of 50 and 100 mg of P4 efficiently induced a new follicular wave, whereas no significant difference (P>0.05) was recorded on oestrus synchronization and superovulation between the two groups.


Corresponding author

*Correspoding author. E-mail:


Hide All
Austin, EJ, Mihm, M, Ryan, MP, Williams, DH and Roche, JF (1999) Effect of duration of dominance of the ovulatory follicle on onset of estrus and fertility in heifers. Journal of Animal Science 77: 22192226.
Bo, GA, Baruselli, PS, Moreno, DL, Cutaia, M, Caccia, R and Mapletoft, RJ (2002) The control of follicular wave development for self-appointed embryo transfer programs in cattle. Theriogenology 57: 5372.
Bo, GA, Baruselli, PS, Chesta, PM and Martins, CM (2006) The timing of ovulation and insemination schedules in superstimulated cattle. Theriogenology 65: 89101.
Caccia, M and Bo, GA (1998) Follicle wave emergence following treatment of CIDR-B-implanted beef heifers with estradiol benzoate and progesterone. Theriogenology 49: 341.
Lammoglia, MA, Short, RE, Bellows, RE, Bellows, SE, MacNeill, MD and Hafs, HD (1998) Induced and synchronized estrus in cattle: Dose titration of estradiol benzoate in prepubertal heifers and postpartum cows after treatment with an intravaginal progesterone-releasing insert and prostaglandin F. Journal of Animal Science 76: 16621670.
Mapletoft, RJ, Adams, GP, Kastelic, JP and Burnley, CA (1999) The effect of estradiol preparation on follicular wave emergence and superovulatory response in norgestomet-implanted cattle. Theriogenology 51: 411.
Martinez, MF, Kastelic, JP, Adams, GP, Janzen, E, McCartney, DH and Mapletoft, RJ (2000) Estrus synchronization and pregnancy rates in beef cattle given CIDR-B, prostaglandin and estradiol or GnRH. Canadian Veterinary Journal 41: 786790.
Martinez, MF, Kastelic, JP, Adams, GP and Mapletoft, RJ (2001) The use of GnRH or estradiol to facilitate timed insemination in an MGA-based synchronization regimen in beef cattle. Animal Reproduction Science 67: 221229.
Richardson, AM, Hensley, BA, Marple, TJ, Johnson, SK and Stevenson, JS (2002) Characteristics of estrus before and after first insemination and fertility of heifers after synchronized estrus using GnRH, PGF, and progesterone 1. Journal of Animal Science 80: 27922800.
Savio, JD, Thatcher, WW, Badinga, L, De la Sota, RL and Wolfenson, D (1993) Regulation of dominant follicle turnover during the estrous cycle in cows. Journal of Reproduction and Fertility 97: 197.
Taft, R, Ahmad, N and Inskap, EK (1996) Exogenous pulses of luteinizing hormone cause persistence of the largest bovine ovarian follicle. Journal of Animal Science 74: 29852991.
Utt, MD, Jousan, FD and Bealland, WE (2003) The effects of varying the interval from follicular wave emergence to progestin withdrawal on follicular dynamics and the synchrony of estrus in beef cattle. Journal of Animal Science 81: 15621567.
Wehrman, ME, Roberson, MS, Cupp, AS, et al. (1993) Increasing exogenous progesterone during synchronization of estrus decreases endogenous 17β-estradiol and increases conception in cows. Biology of Reproduction 49: 214220.



Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed