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Off-pump connection of the hepatic to the azygos vein through a lateral thoracotomy for relief of arterio-venous fistulas after a Kawashima procedure

  • Fatima E.F.G. Lopez (a1), Freek van den Heuvel (a1), Petronella G. Pieper (a1), Tjalling W. Waterbolk (a1) and Tjark Ebels (a1)...

Abstract

Objective

To connect the hepatic veins to the azygos venous system through a lateral thoracotomy, and without the use of extracorporeal circulation, so as to relieve arteriovenous fistulas after a previous Kawashima operation.

Methods

Description of the operative technique by which the hepatic veins are anastomosed to the hepatic venous system.

Results

The surgical approach was successfully applied in 3 patients, all of whom showed an excellent rise of saturations of oxygen after redirection of the hepatic venous blood.

Conclusion

The operative method presented is an elegant means of redirecting the hepatic venous blood to the pulmonary circulation without the disadvantages of extracorporeal circulation and resternotomy.

Copyright

Corresponding author

Correspondence to: T. Ebels MD, Ph, Department Cardiothoracic Surgery, University Medical Centre Groningen, P.O. Box 30001, 9700 RB Groningen, The Netherlands. Tel: +31-503613238; Fax: +31-503611347; E-mail: T.Ebels@thorax.umcg.nl

References

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