1.Dillmann, WH. Cardiac Function in Thyroid Disease: Clinical Features and Management Considerations. Ann Thor Surg 1993; 56: S9–15.
2.Klein, I. Thyroid Hormone and The Cardiovascular System. Am J Med 1990; 88: 631–637.
3.Sypniewski, E. Comparative Pharmacology of The Thyroid Hormones. Ann Thor Surg 1993; 56: S2–8.
4.Paschen, U, Muller, MJ, Darup, J, Kalmar, P, Seitz, HJ. Alteration in Thyroid Hormone Concentration during and after Coronary Bypass Operation. Annales d'Endocrinologie (Paris) 1983; 44: 239–242.
5.Chu, S, Huang, T, Shu, R, Wang, S, Wang, C. Thyroid Hormone Changes After Cardiovascular Surgery and Clinical Implications. Ann of Thor Surg 1991; 52: 791–796.
6.Holland, FW II, Brown, PS Jr, Clark, RE. Acute Severe Post-ischemic Myocardial Depression Reversed by Triiodothyronine. Ann Thor Surg 1992; 54: 301–305.
7.Novitzky, D, Cooper, DKC, Swanepoel, A. Inotropic Effect of Triiodothyronine in Low Cardiac Output Following Cardioplegic Arrest and Cardiopulmonary Bypass: An Initial Experience in Patients Undergoing Open-heart Surgery. Eur J Cardio-Thorac Surg 1989; 3: 140–145.
8.de Vivie, ER and Rupprath, G. Long Term Results After Fontan Procedure and Its Modifications. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 1986; 91: 690–697.
9.Franklin, WH and Norwood, WI. Management of Complications Related to the Fontan Procedure. Complications in Cardiothoracic Surgery; 1991, Waldhausen and Orringer, Mosby Yearbook, 202–211.
10.Mainwaring, RD, Lamberti, JJ, Carter, TL Jr, Nelson, JC. Reduction in Triiodothyronine Levels Following Modified Fontan Procedure. J Card Surg 1994; 9: 322–331.
11.Larsen, PR. Triiodothyronine: Review of Recent Studies of Its Pathology and Pathophysiology in Man. Metabolism 1972; 21: 1073–1092.
12.Sterling, K and Brenner, MA. Free Thyroxine in Human Serum: Simplified Measurement with the Aid of Magnesium Precipitation. J Clin Invest 1996; 45: 153–163.
13.Chopra, IJ. A Radioimmunoassay for Measurement of Thyroxine in Unextracted Serum. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 1972; 34: 938.
14.Nelson, JC and Tomei, RT. Direct Determination of Free Thyroxine in Undiluted Serum by Equilibrium Dialysis/Radionimmunoassay. Clin Chem 1988; 34: 1737–1744.
15.Spencer, C, LoPresti, JS, Patel, A, Guttler, RB, Eigen, A, Shen, D, Gray, D, Nicoloff, JT. Applications of a Ne Chemiluminometric Thyrotropin Assay to Subnormal Measurement. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 1990; 70: 453–460.
16.Van Herle, AJ, Uller, RP, Matthews, NL, Brown, J. Radioimmunoassy for Measurement of Thyroglobulin in Human Serum. J Clin Invest 1973; 52: 1320–1327.
17.Morkin, E, Flink, IL, Goldman, S. Biochemical and Physiologic Effects of Thyroid Hormone in Cardiac Performance. Prog Cardiovasc Dis 1983; 25: 435–464.
18.Samuels, HH, Furman, BM, Horowitz, ZD, Ye, ZS. Regulation of Gene Expression by Thyroid Hormone. J Clin Invest 1988; 81: 957–967.
19.Dillmann, WH. Biochemical Basis of Thyroid Hormone Action in the Heart. Am J Med 1990; 88: 626–630.
20.Larsen, PR and Ingbar, SH. The Thyroid Gland in William's Textbook of Endocrinology, 8th Ed.Wilson, JD and Foster, DW. WB Saunders Company, Philadelphia, PA, 1992, 365–374.
21.Wartofsky, L and Burman, KD. Alterations in Thyroid Function in Patients with Systemic Illness: The “euthyroid sick syndrome.” Endocr Rev 1982; 3: 164–217.
22.Hermus, RM, Sweep, CGJ, Vandermeer, MJM, Ross, HA, Smals, AGH, Benraad, TJ, Kloppenborg, PWC. Continuous Infusion of Interleukin-1b Induces a Non-thyroidal Illness Syndrome in the Rat. Endocrinology 1992; 131: 2139–2146.